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Livia Polo Friz

4 August 2022
OCCASIONAL PAPER SERIES - No. 300
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Abstract
As the operator of a systemically important payment system (SIPS), the Eurosystem has the responsibility of regularly assessing the resilience of the Trans-European Automated Real-time Gross Settlement Express Transfer System (TARGET2) to various types of risks, as set out in the Principles for Financial Market Infrastructures (PFMIs) drawn up by the Committee on Payments and Market Infrastructures (CPMI) and International Organization of Securities Commissions (IOSCO). To identify, measure, monitor and mitigate these risks over time, the TARGET2 operator has developed specific approaches that include both qualitative and quantitative elements.
JEL Code
G20 : Financial Economics→Financial Institutions and Services→General
E42 : Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics→Money and Interest Rates→Monetary Systems, Standards, Regimes, Government and the Monetary System, Payment Systems
E58 : Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics→Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit→Central Banks and Their Policies
C10 : Mathematical and Quantitative Methods→Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General→General
C63 : Mathematical and Quantitative Methods→Mathematical Methods, Programming Models, Mathematical and Simulation Modeling→Computational Techniques, Simulation Modeling
30 July 2020
ECONOMIC BULLETIN - ARTICLE
Economic Bulletin Issue 5, 2020
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Abstract
This article analyses how liquidity is distributed across jurisdictions in TARGET2 – the payment system owned and operated by the Eurosystem – and the implications for payment settlement. It discusses TARGET2 participants’ reliance on intraday credit and the time of payment settlement, which are important aspects for the payment system operator. The article documents considerable heterogeneity across countries in liquidity holdings, concentration of liquidity among participants, usage of the intraday credit facility and time of settlement. A panel study across countries shows that larger holdings of liquidity are associated with a lower use of the credit line and an earlier time of settlement.
JEL Code
G20 : Financial Economics→Financial Institutions and Services→General
G21 : Financial Economics→Financial Institutions and Services→Banks, Depository Institutions, Micro Finance Institutions, Mortgages