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  • CONSUMER EXPECTATIONS SURVEY – LATEST RESULTS

Housing and credit access

Frankfurt am Main, 4 August 2022

Overview

This report contains the main aggregate indicators from the Consumer Expectations Survey (CES) related to the housing market and credit access. Results are reported monthly at the euro area level, by country, by age group and by income quintile. The topics covered include:

Table 1 provides an overview of the latest results for the main indicators included in this report. For more detailed information on how the aggregate indicators are computed, please refer to the Guide to the computation of aggregate statistics and the CES Methodological information on the survey, available on the data and methodological information section of the CES webpage. The data behind the aggregate series included in this report can also be found under the same section.

Table 1

Overview of latest results – Housing and credit access

Variable

April 2022

May 2022

June 2022

Home price expectations over the next 12 months

Mean

3.5

3.4

3.3

Home price expectations over the next 12 months

Median

2.0

2.0

2.0

Mortgage interest rate expectations 12 months ahead

Mean

3.7

3.8

4.0

Mortgage interest rate expectations 12 months ahead

Median

3.0

3.0

3.1

Perceived credit access today compared with 12 months ago

Net

percentage

18.8

19.7

19.7

Expected credit access in 12 months from now

Net

percentage

16.1

16.1

16.4

Credit application rate over the previous three months

Percentage

share

12.7

-

-

Source: CES.

Notes: Weighted estimates. Net percentages are obtained by subtracting the percentage of respondents indicating that credit access has (will) become easier from the percentage of respondents indicating that credit access has (will) become more difficult. The median is computed on the basis of a symmetric linear interpolation that accounts for rounding of responses. Mean values are winsorised at the 2nd and 98th percentiles of each survey round and country. Numbers on home prices are reported in expected annual percentage changes.

Home price expectations over the next 12 months

In the qualitative question, respondents are asked: “In 12 months from now, what do you expect will happen to the price of your current home? By this, we mean the price that would be paid if your home were to be sold 12 months from now.” The possible responses are “Increase a lot”, “Decrease a lot”, “Increase a little”, “Decrease a little” and “Stay exactly the same”.

The open-ended (quantitative) question reads: “In 12 months from now, by about what percentage do you expect the price of your current home to be higher/lower?”

Chart 1

Home price expectations 12 months ahead – qualitative

Qualitative measure of home price expectations (forward-looking)

(percentages of respondents)

Source: CES.

Notes: Weighted estimates. Net percentages are obtained by subtracting the percentage of respondents indicating that prices will decrease from the percentage of respondents indicating that prices will increase.

Chart 2

Home price expectations 12 months ahead – pooled

Quantitative measure of home price expectations (forward-looking)

(percentage changes)

Source: CES.

Notes: Weighted estimates. The median is computed on the basis of a symmetric linear interpolation that accounts for rounding of responses. Mean values are winsorised at the 2nd and 98th percentiles of each survey round and country.

Chart 3

Mean home price expectations 12 months ahead – by country

Quantitative measure of home price expectations (forward-looking)

(percentage changes)

Source: CES.

Notes: Weighted estimates. Mean values are winsorised at the 2nd and 98th percentiles of each survey round and country.

Chart 4

Mean home price expectations 12 months ahead – by age group

Quantitative measure of home price expectations (forward-looking)

(percentage changes)

Source: CES.

Notes: Weighted estimates. Mean values are winsorised at the 2nd and 98th percentiles of each survey round and country.

Chart 5

Mean home price expectations 12 months ahead – by income quintile

Quantitative measure of home price expectations (forward-looking)

(percentage changes)

Source: CES.

Notes: Weighted estimates. Mean values are winsorised at the 2nd and 98th percentiles of each survey round and country.

Mortgage interest rate expectations 12 months ahead

In the question about mortgage interest rates, consumers are asked: “In 12 months from now, what do you think will be the interest rate on mortgages in the country you currently live in?”

Respondents are given the possibility to provide a numerical answer with up to one decimal point.

Chart 6

Mortgage interest rate expectations 12 months ahead – pooled

Quantitative measure of interest rate expectations (forward-looking)

(percentages)

Source: CES.

Notes: Weighted estimates. The median is computed on the basis of a symmetric linear interpolation that accounts for rounding of responses. Mean values are winsorised at the 2nd and 98th percentiles of each survey round and country.

Chart 7

Mean mortgage interest rate expectations 12 months ahead – by country

Quantitative measure of interest rate expectations (forward-looking)

(percentages)

Source: CES.

Notes: Weighted estimates. Mean values are winsorised at the 2nd and 98th percentiles of each survey round and country.

Chart 8

Mean mortgage interest rate expectations 12 months ahead – by age group

Quantitative measure of interest rate expectations (forward-looking)

(percentages)

Source: CES.

Notes: Weighted estimates. Mean values are winsorised at the 2nd and 98th percentiles of each survey round and country.

Chart 9

Mean mortgage interest rate expectations 12 months ahead – by income quintile

Quantitative measure of interest rate expectations (forward-looking)

(percentages)

Source: CES.

Notes: Weighted estimates. Mean values are winsorised at the 2nd and 98th percentiles of each survey round and country.

Perceived and expected credit access

In the backward-looking question, respondents are asked: “Compared with your household’s situation 12 months ago, do you think it is generally harder or easier these days for your household to obtain credit or loans (including credit and retail cards, car loans, student loans and mortgages)?”

In the forward-looking question, respondents are asked: “Looking ahead, do you think that 12 months from now it will generally be harder or easier for your household to obtain credit or loans (including credit and retail cards, car loans, student loans and mortgages) than it is these days?”

The possible responses are “Much harder”, “Somewhat harder”, “Equally easy/hard”, “Somewhat easier” and “Much easier”. Up to CES Wave 8 (August 2020), the possible responses also included a “Not applicable” option.

Chart 10

Perceived credit access over the previous 12 months – qualitative

Qualitative measure of credit access (backward-looking)

(percentages of respondents)

Source: CES.

Notes: Weighted estimates. Net percentages are obtained by subtracting the percentage of respondents indicating that access to credit is easier from the percentage of respondents indicating that access to credit is harder.

Chart 11

Expected credit access over the next 12 months – qualitative

Qualitative measure of credit access (forward-looking)

(percentages of respondents)

Source: CES.

Notes: Weighted estimates. Net percentages are obtained by subtracting the percentage of respondents indicating that access to credit will become easier from the percentage of respondents indicating that access to credit will become harder.

Credit application rate over the previous three months

In this quarterly question, respondents are asked: “During the last 3 months, has your household applied for any of the following types of credit?” The possible responses are “A mortgage”, “A loan to purchase a car or other vehicle”, “Another type of consumer loan”, “A leasing contract”, “A credit card”, “A loan for education purposes”, “An increase in the limit of an existing loan” and “Refinancing of your current mortgage”.

Charts 12 to 15 show the share of respondents indicating that they applied for at least one of these credit categories.

Chart 12

Credit applications over the previous three months – pooled

Qualitative measure of credit applications (backward-looking)

(percentages of respondents)

Source: CES.

Notes: Weighted estimates. The bars show the percentage of respondents indicating that they applied for at least one category of credit in the previous three months.

Chart 13

Credit applications over the previous three months – by country

Qualitative measure of credit applications (backward-looking)

(percentages of respondents)

Source: CES.

Notes: Weighted estimates. The bars show the percentage of respondents indicating that they applied for at least one category of credit in the previous three months.

Chart 14

Credit applications over the previous three months – by age group

Qualitative measure of credit applications (backward-looking)

(percentages of respondents)

Source: CES.

Notes: Weighted estimates. The bars show the percentage of respondents indicating that they applied for at least one category of credit in the previous three months.

Chart 15

Credit applications over the previous three months – by income quintile

Qualitative measure of credit applications (backward-looking)

(percentages of respondents)

Source: CES.

Notes: Weighted estimates. The bars show the percentage of respondents indicating that they applied for at least one category of credit in the previous three months.