Climate change-related indicators
We are committed to improving the quality and availability of climate data. Because the more we know about the climate crisis, the better we can identify and manage its risks and opportunities. This is why the ECB and the national central banks of all EU Member States together have started developing statistical indicators – harmonised at the euro area level – for climate-related analysis.
These indicators will help us to more effectively analyse climate risks that can affect monetary policy, price stability and the financial system. They will also help us to better understand the challenges and opportunities we face as we transition to a greener economy. Better and more accessible statistics can also enhance transparency on climate-related matters.
The indicators were published for the first time in January 2023. A version with additional breakdowns of the indicators on ‘Sustainable finance’ was released in November 2023. ‘Carbon emissions’ and ‘Physical risks’ indicators are expected to be updated in the first half of 2024. Producing these indicators is complex and they are still subject to limitations, some of which are substantial. These limitations mean that, at this stage, the data are published as experimental statistics or analytical indicators and should be used with caution.
These indicators are part of our broader climate action plan. They are a work in progress. Plans are in place to update them based on improved methodology and additional data sources.
We welcome your comments and feedback. Please contact us at email@example.com. To receive updates on methodology and data quality, you are invited to subscribe to our climate data information service.
Reference material from the current data release - November 2023
- Methodological report/Statistical paper (forthcoming)
- Technical annex
Reference material from the first data release − January 2023
Frequently Asked Questions
How does this project relate to our other work on climate topics? What are experimental indicators? Find all the answers in our dedicated FAQs.
- De Nederlandsche Bank
- Suomen Pankki / Finlands Bank
- National Bank of Belgium