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Carla Giglio

23 July 2021
OCCASIONAL PAPER SERIES - No. 258
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Abstract
This paper assesses the macroeconomic implications of the Basel III finalisation for the euro area, employing a large-scale semi-structural model encompassing over 90 banks and 19-euro area economies. The new regulatory framework will influence banks’ reactions to economic conditions and, as a result, affect the ability of the banking system to amplify or dampen economic shocks. The assessment covers the entire distribution of conditional economic predictions to measure the cost and benefit of the reforms. Looking at the means of conditional forecasts of output growth provides an indication of the costs of the reform, namely a transitory reduction in euro area gross domestic product (GDP) and in lending to the non-financial private sector. Looking at the lower percentile of output growth forecasts, i.e. growth at risk, captures the long-term benefits of the Basel III finalisation package in terms of improved resilience and the ability of the banking system to supply lending to the real economy under adverse conditions. These permanent growth-at-risk benefits ultimately outweigh the short-term costs of the reform.
JEL Code
E37 : Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics→Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles→Forecasting and Simulation: Models and Applications
E58 : Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics→Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit→Central Banks and Their Policies
G21 : Financial Economics→Financial Institutions and Services→Banks, Depository Institutions, Micro Finance Institutions, Mortgages
G28 : Financial Economics→Financial Institutions and Services→Government Policy and Regulation
12 February 2021
WORKING PAPER SERIES - No. 2525
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Abstract
Net trading income is an important but volatile source of revenue for many euro area banks deemed to be highly sensitive to changes in financial market conditions. We propose a two-step econometric approach to quantify the downside risk of financial shocks on the banks’ trading revenues. First, we estimate the parameters of a fixed-effects quantile autoregressive model conditional on exogenous macro-financial shocks and bank characteristics. In the second step, we approximate the entire empirical conditional distribution of net trading income across all banks and time horizons by interpolating between the estimated quantiles. Based on the estimated distribution function, we derive two key metrics that summarize conditional left tail risks: i) conditional shortfall, ii) material loss probability. These measures are relevant in a stress test exercise whose aim to gauge CET-1 capital depletion under an adverse macro-financial scenario. We apply our methodology on supervisory data for a representative sample of European banks over the period spanning from the first quarter of 2015 to the last quarter of 2020. We find that the lower quantiles of net trading revenue distribution are significantly impacted by deteriorating financial conditions, whereas the upper quantiles seem to be stable over time.
JEL Code
C21 : Mathematical and Quantitative Methods→Single Equation Models, Single Variables→Cross-Sectional Models, Spatial Models, Treatment Effect Models, Quantile Regressions
C23 : Mathematical and Quantitative Methods→Single Equation Models, Single Variables→Panel Data Models, Spatio-temporal Models
G21 : Financial Economics→Financial Institutions and Services→Banks, Depository Institutions, Micro Finance Institutions, Mortgages
G28 : Financial Economics→Financial Institutions and Services→Government Policy and Regulation