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    Fostering sustainable growth in Europe

    The effects of the pandemic provide an opportunity to reassess how we organise our economy, President Christine Lagarde tells the European Banking Congress. For Europe to be successful in sustaining growth in the future, this requires a focus on two areas: innovation and education.

Our response to the coronavirus pandemic
23 November 2020 INTERVIEW

Full recovery not seen until autumn 2022

Compared to the lockdown in spring, the economic impact is likely to be less strong this time, says Chief Economist Philip R. Lane. The most severe scenarios are less probable now, but full recovery to 2019 GDP level will take until autumn 2022.

23 November 2020 PRESS RELEASE

Consultations on fallbacks for the Euribor

The working group on euro risk-free rates is seeking feedback on fallbacks for the Euribor rates via two public consultations. Interested parties are asked to provide their views before 15 January 2021.

23/11/2020
Isabel Schnabel: Shifting tides in euro area money markets: from the global financial crisis to the COVID-19 pandemic
Speech by Isabel Schnabel, Member of the Executive Board of the ECB, at the ECB Conference on Money Markets, 23 November 2020
20/11/2020
Christine Lagarde: Fostering sustainable growth in Europe
Keynote speech by Christine Lagarde, President of the ECB, at the European Banking Congress
19/11/2020
Isabel Schnabel: COVID-19 and the liquidity crisis of non-banks: lessons for the future
Speech by Isabel Schnabel, Member of the Executive Board of the ECB, Financial Stability Conference on “Stress, Contagion, and Transmission” organised by the Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland and the Office of Financial Research
19/11/2020
Christine Lagarde: Hearing at the Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs of the European Parliament
Introductory statement by Christine Lagarde, President of the ECB, at the ECON Committee of the European Parliament (by videoconference)
16/11/2020
Luis de Guindos: The euro area financial sector in the pandemic crisis
Keynote speech by Luis de Guindos, Vice-President of the ECB, at the 23rd EURO FINANCE WEEK

All speeches

22/11/2020
Philip R. Lane: Interview with Les Echos
Interview with Philip R. Lane, Member of the Executive Board of the ECB, conducted by Guillaume Benoit, Elsa Conesa and Sophie Rolland
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21/11/2020
Interview with Börsen-Zeitung
Interview with Yves Mersch, Member of the Executive Board of the ECB and Vice-Chair of the Supervisory Board of the ECB, conducted by Kai Johannsen and published on 21 November 2020
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17/11/2020
Isabel Schnabel: Interview with CNBC
Interview with Isabel Schnabel, Member of the Executive Board of the ECB, conducted by Annette Weisbach, CNBC, on 12 November and aired on 13 November
17/11/2020
Christine Lagarde: Interview with The New York Times
Interview with Christine Lagarde, President of the ECB, conducted by Alison Smale and Jack Ewing on 10 November 2020
17/11/2020
Philip R. Lane: Transcript of interview with Portuguese public broadcaster RTP3
Interview with Philip R. Lane, Member of the Executive Board of the ECB, conducted by Maria Nobre, broadcast on Tuesday, 17 November at 12:00 a.m. CET

All interviews

20/10/2020
Isabel Schnabel: Don’t take it for granted: the value of high-quality data and statistics for the ECB’s policymaking
Blog post by Isabel Schnabel, Member of the Executive Board of the ECB

Summary

High-quality data and statistics provide indispensable input for sound policy decisions, including at the ECB, writes Executive Board member Isabel Schnabel. Today’s World Statistics Day reminds us of the importance of data we can trust.

02/10/2020
Fabio Panetta: We must be prepared to issue a digital euro
Blog post by Fabio Panetta, Member of the Executive Board of the ECB

Summary

We should be ready to issue a digital euro if and when it is necessary, writes Executive Board member Fabio Panetta. The euro is a currency that Europeans trust. We need to make sure that it is fit for the future.

11/09/2020
Philip R. Lane: The outlook for the euro area
Blog post by Philip R. Lane, Member of the Executive Board of the ECB

Summary

Our current measures are providing crucial support to the economic recovery in the euro area, writes Chief Economist Philip R. Lane. But there is no room for complacency as inflation remains far below the aim and risks continue to be tilted to the downside.

02/09/2020
Luis de Guindos, Fabio Panetta, Isabel Schnabel: Europe needs a fully fledged capital markets union – now more than ever
Blog post by Luis de Guindos, Vice-President of the ECB, and Fabio Panetta and Isabel Schnabel, Members of the Executive Board of the ECB

Summary

The coronavirus crisis makes progress on capital markets union even more important, write Luis de Guindos, Fabio Panetta and Isabel Schnabel. In the light of the European Commission’s forthcoming Action Plan, they outline priority areas for reform to foster European capital markets.

19/08/2020
Fabio Panetta, Isabel Schnabel: The provision of euro liquidity through the ECB’s swap and repo operations
Blog post by Fabio Panetta and Isabel Schnabel, Members of the Executive Board of the ECB

Summary

The ECB’s swap and repo lines are essential stabilising tools in the coronavirus crisis. In a joint Blog post, Executive Board members Fabio Panetta and Isabel Schnabel explain how these tools reduce funding risks, prevent financial contagion and support the euro’s use in global transactions.

All blog posts

Explaining monetary policy to young people
18 November 2020 INTERVIEW

Explaining monetary policy to young people

Executive Board member Isabel Schnabel spoke to German YouTuber Thomas Kehl about the importance of price stability for citizens, why negative interest rates are needed and how the ECB has responded to the pandemic.

PUBLIC CONSULTATION

Digital euro: have your say!

Like the euro we already use every day, the design of a digital euro should meet the needs of a broad range of users. That’s why we want to hear the views of the public and of all interested stakeholders on the benefits and challenges of issuing a digital euro and on its possible design.

Interest rates

Marginal lending facility 0.25 %
Main refinancing operations (fixed rate) 0.00 %
Deposit facility − 0.50 %
Effective from 18 September 2019

Inflation rate

Full inflation chart
Inflation dashboard

Reference rates

USD US dollar 1.1901
JPY Japanese yen 123.47
GBP Pound sterling 0.88888
CHF Swiss franc 1.0806
Last update: Monday, 23 November 2020 Euro foreign exchange rates

Multimedia

  • ECB Governing Council Press Conference - 10 September 2020

    ECB Governing Council Press Conference - 10 September 2020

  • ECB Governing Council Press Conference - 16 July 2020

    ECB Governing Council Press Conference - 16 July 2020

  • ECB Governing Council Press Conference - 04 June 2020

    ECB Governing Council Press Conference - 04 June 2020

  • Join a Youth Dialogue with Christine Lagarde

    Join a Youth Dialogue with Christine Lagarde

  • ECB Governing Council Press Conference - 30 April 2020

    ECB Governing Council Press Conference - 30 April 2020

  • Christine Lagarde, President of the ECB, signing the euro banknotes, 28 November 2019

    Christine Lagarde, President of the ECB, signing the euro banknotes, 28 November 2019

  • The ECB explains: crypto-assets

    The ECB explains: crypto-assets

  • ECB Forum on Central Banking 2019

    ECB Forum on Central Banking 2019

  • Download the ECB Art App

    Download the ECB Art App

  • Travelogue: ECB Executive Board member Benoît Cœuré visiting Vorwerk factory in Cloyes-sur-le-Loir

    Travelogue: ECB Executive Board member Benoît Cœuré visiting Vorwerk factory in Cloyes-sur-le-Loir

  • ECB Press Conference - 10 September 2020

  • ECB Press Conference - 16 July 2020

  • ECB Press Conference - 04 June 2020

  • Youth Dialogue with Christine Lagarde - 27 May 2020

  • ECB Press Conference - 30 April 2020

  • New signature for euro banknotes - 28 November 2019

  • Christine Lagarde's Keynote Speech - European Banking Congress 2019

  • Farewell President Draghi - 28 October 2019

  • ECB Conference on Gender and Career Progression - 21 October 2019

  • ECB Press Conference - 24 October 2019

  • The international role of the euro, June 2018 - cover image

    The international role of the euro, June 2018

  • Financial integration in Europe, May 2018 - cover image

    Financial integration in Europe, May 2018

  • Price and wage-setting in advanced economies - cover image

    Price and wage-setting in advanced economies

  • ESCB Legal Conference 2018 - cover image

    ESCB Legal Conference 2018

  • Legal framework of the Eurosystem and the European System of Central Banks. ECB legal acts and instruments - cover image

    Legal framework of the Eurosystem and the European System of Central Banks. ECB legal acts and instruments

  • Statistics for Economic and Monetary Union. Enhancements and new directions, 2003-12, by Peter Bull - cover image

    Statistics for Economic and Monetary Union. Enhancements and new directions, 2003-12, by Peter Bull

  • The monetary policy of the ECB - cover image

    The monetary policy of the ECB

  • The payment system – payments, securities and derivatives, and the role of the Eurosystem in this field - cover image

    The payment system – payments, securities and derivatives, and the role of the Eurosystem in this field