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2005 Q4

Inflation forecasts Core inflation forecasts Real GDP growth forecasts Unemployment rate forecasts

HICP Inflation forecasts

Inflation is defined as the year on year percentage change in the euro area all items Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices (HICP), as published by Eurostat

2005 Q4 inflation forecasts
  2005 2006 2007 Sep. 2006 Sep. 2007 2010
Mean point estimate 2.2 2.0 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.9
Standard deviation 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.1
Number of replies 58 58 50 50 42 43
Probability distributions 2005 2006 2007 Sep. 2006 Sep. 2007 2010
<0.0% 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.20.2
0.0-0.4% 0.1 0.2 0.5 0.5 0.80.6
0.5-0.9% 0.2 1.1 3.0 2.3 3.33.1
1.0-1.4% 0.8 6.2 12.1 13.1 11.712.5
1.5-1.9% 8.5 35.1 43.3 42.8 44.541.2
2.0-2.4% 78.2 44.4 30.5 31.0 29.730.2
2.5-2.9% 11.6 11.3 8.5 8.8 7.98.8
3.0-3.4% 0.6 1.6 1.7 1.3 1.52.6
>3.5% 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.30.8
Total 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

Core HICP inflation forecasts

Core inflation is defined as the year on year percentage change in the euro area HICP special aggregate ‘all items excluding energy, food, alcohol and tobacco’, as published by Eurostat.

Real GDP growth forecasts

Real GDP growth is defined as year on year percentage change of real GDP (i.e. in volumes) in the euro area , according to the standardised European System of national and regional Accounts 2010 definition, as published by Eurostat.

2005 Q4 real GDP growth forecasts
  2005 2006 2007 2006 Q2 2007 Q2 2010
Mean point estimate 1.3 1.7 2.0 1.7 2.0 2.1
Standard deviation 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
Number of replies 58 58 49 49 41 43
Probability distributions 2005 2006 2007 2006 Q2 2007 Q2 2010
<0.0% 0.2 0.4 0.3 0.1 0.10.3
0.0-0.4% 0.5 0.9 0.7 0.7 0.60.9
0.5-0.9% 6.1 3.6 2.9 5.6 3.03.5
1.0-1.4% 69.9 22.7 12.4 28.2 14.111.5
1.5-1.9% 20.0 48.7 32.7 42.2 34.031.5
2.0-2.4% 2.5 18.3 35.9 17.8 34.331.1
2.5-2.9% 0.5 3.8 10.8 3.9 10.613.9
3.0-3.4% 0.2 1.0 3.2 1.0 2.75.3
3.5-3.9% 0.1 0.4 0.7 0.5 0.61.6
>4.0% 0.0 0.2 0.4 0.1 0.10.4
Total 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

Unemployment rate forecasts

The unemployment rate is defined as the number of unemployed, according to the ILO's definition, as a percentage of the labour force, as published by Eurostat.

2005 Q4 unemployment rate forecasts
  2005 2006 2007 Aug. 2006 Aug. 2007 2010
Mean point estimate 8.7 8.5 8.2 8.5 8.2 7.5
Standard deviation 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.6
Number of replies 56 55 47 43 39 39
Probability distributions 2005 2006 2007 Aug. 2006 Aug. 2007 2010
<5.5% 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.00.4
5.5-5.9% 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.01.1
6.0-6.4% 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.05.5
6.5-6.9% 0.0 0.1 0.7 0.1 0.712.9
7.0-7.4% 0.1 0.8 3.3 0.7 4.119.7
7.5-7.9% 0.7 6.3 16.4 7.0 18.422.3
8.0-8.4% 8.9 33.3 43.6 39.4 43.022.2
8.5-8.9% 75.6 44.8 27.0 41.5 26.310.8
9.0-9.4% 13.1 12.1 7.2 9.2 6.13.7
9.5-9.9% 1.3 1.6 1.1 1.6 1.21.4
10.0-10.4% 0.1 0.6 0.4 0.5 0.30.1
10.5-10.9% 0.0 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.00.0
>11.0% 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.00.0
Total 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0