The loan-level initiative establishes specific loan-by-loan information requirements both for asset-backed securities (ABSs) and for non-marketable debt instruments backed by eligible credit claims (SME and public-sector debt instruments backed by eligible credit claims (DECCs)) accepted as collateral in Eurosystem credit operations. It increases transparency and makes available more timely information on the underlying loans and their performance to market participants in a standard format. In the past, assessments of ABSs have been hampered by the lack of standardised, timely and accurate information on single loan exposures. The Eurosystem believes that the data requirements will help both investors and third-party assessment providers with their due diligence. Ultimately, greater transparency will help to restore confidence in the securitisation market.
The Eurosystem investigated the usefulness of ABS loan-by-loan information for market participants through a public consultation and received overwhelming support for the initiative.
The loan-level initiative aims to:
- improve transparency in ABS markets by requiring loan-by-loan information to be available and accessible to market participants on an ongoing basis. This is considered necessary to revive ABS markets;
- facilitate the risk assessment of ABSs and DECCs as collateral used by Eurosystem counterparties in monetary policy operations.
The Eurosystem takes into account loan-level data to determine whether ABSs and DECCs are eligible as collateral in its credit operations. Through its collateral framework, the Eurosystem can help to improve market functioning and the transparency of securitisation structures.
Loan-by-loan information requirements for residential mortgage-backed securities (RMBSs) and ABSs backed by small and medium-sized enterprise (SME) loans began on 3 January 2013. On 1 March 2013, the loan-by-loan requirements began for commercial mortgage-backed securities. On 1 January 2014, the loan-by-loan reporting requirements began for consumer ABSs, auto loan ABSs and leasing ABSs. On 1 April 2014, the loan-by-loan reporting requirements began for ABSs backed by credit card receivables. On 27 March 2016, reporting requirements for SME DECCs were established. On 3 March 2016, reporting requirements for public-sector DECCs were established.
The requirements apply to existing and newly issued ABSs and DECCs.
Further information regarding special provisions these instruments can be found on the Eligibility Requirements page.