Disclaimer & copyright


The European Central Bank (ECB) maintains this website to enhance public access to information about its activities and the activities of the European System of Central Banks (ESCB). Our goal is to keep this information timely and accurate. However, the ECB accepts no responsibility or liability whatsoever with regard to the material on this website.

This material:

  • is information of a general nature and is not intended to address the specific circumstances of any particular individual or entity
  • is sometimes linked to external websites over which the ECB has no control and for which the ECB assumes no responsibility
  • does not constitute professional or legal advice

While the euro foreign exchange reference rates and other price information published on this website are based on sources which the ECB considers to be reliable, the ECB accepts no responsibility or liability for any losses incurred in connection with any decision made or action or inaction on the part of any party in reliance upon such publication. In particular, the ECB does not accept any responsibility or liability for any economic loss or any indirect or consequential loss or damage including, without limitation, loss of business and loss of profits, as a direct or indirect consequence of, or in connection with, the ECB publishing the reference rates or other price information, including the frequency of such publication or the use of the reference rates and other price information by any person.

Please note that documents or other information available on this website are not guaranteed to exactly reproduce officially adopted texts. Only ECB legal instruments as published in the Official Journal of the European Union and other ECB documentation and/or data as published by the ECB are deemed to be authentic.

It is our goal to minimise disruption caused by technical errors. However, the ECB cannot guarantee that its service will not be interrupted or otherwise affected by such problems. The ECB accepts no responsibility with regard to any problems occurring as a result of using this website or any linked external websites.

This disclaimer is not intended to limit the ECB’s liability in contravention of any requirements laid down in applicable national law or to exclude its liability for matters which cannot be excluded under such law.

If you access any part of this website, you will be deemed to have accepted the foregoing.


Copyright © for the entire content of this website: European Central Bank, Frankfurt am Main, Germany.

Subject to the exception below, users of this website may make free use of the information obtained directly from it subject to the following conditions:

  1. When such information is distributed or reproduced, it must appear accurately and the ECB must be cited as the source.
  2. Where the information is incorporated in documents that are sold (regardless of the medium), the natural or legal person publishing the information must inform buyers, both before they pay any subscription or fee and each time they access the information taken from this website, that the information may be obtained free of charge through this website.
  3. If the information is modified by the user (e.g. by seasonal adjustment of statistical data or calculation of growth rates) this must be stated explicitly.
  4. When linking to this website from business sites or for promotional purposes, this website must load into the browser's entire window (i.e. it must not appear within another website's frame).

As an exception to the above, any reproduction, publication or reprint, in whole or in part, of documents that bear the name of their authors, such as ECB Working Papers and ECB Occasional Papers, in the form of a different publication (whether printed or produced electronically) is permitted only with the explicit prior written authorisation of the ECB or the authors.

Use of name and logos

The ECB is aware that its name and logos are increasingly being misused by various third parties in connection with fake financial transactions and other fraudulent activities. In some cases, the ECB is even specified as the bank through which payments or transactions will be made.

In this respect, the ECB would like to clarify that it does not provide commercial banking services to individuals or corporate entities, and that, in particular, it does not collect cross-border transfer fees or accept deposits from such parties, or issue any certificates for the release of funds. The ECB therefore advises the public not to establish contact with the originators of such ventures and not to send money or disclose bank or credit card details to anybody claiming to represent the ECB or have a banking relationship with the ECB.

The ECB also wishes to point out that it cannot be held responsible if its name, logos or address is misused in schemes that are intended to defraud the public. If a member of the public sees or receives questionable documentation that refers to, or allegedly stems from, the ECB, they should report it immediately to their local law-enforcement authority or seek advice from the relevant national authorities.

Personal data and e-mail privacy policy

The ECB is committed to user privacy. It only processes your personal data for the purposes described below; it does not divulge them for marketing purposes.

All personal information is processed in line with Regulation (EC) No 45/2001 and the ECB's IT security and confidentiality rules.

Regulation (EC) No 45/2001

What information does the ECB collect through this website?

Information recorded by the ECB's servers

Cookies – Cookies are small bits of data sent by a website server to the browser on your computer. The browser tells the server when you next visit that particular website. Cookies help us to store user preferences and track usage trends on an aggregated basis.

Log information – Servers automatically record information that your browser sends whenever you visit a website. These server logs may include information such as the date and time of your visit, your Internet Protocol address, browser type, browser language, browser screen size, and one or more cookies that identify your browser. The information the ECB collects is only used to compile statistics, on an aggregated basis, on the usage of this site.

Information recorded by third party servers

Google Analytics – This website makes use of Google Analytics, an external service, to obtain statistics about the usage of the website. Log information collected by the ECB’s servers is also sent to servers operated by Google, and is used to provide the ECB with aggregated statistics about the number of browser visits, usage patterns, and searches performed on this website.

Google has its own privacy policy. Google self-certifies compliance with the EU-U.S. ‘Privacy Shield’ framework that the U.S. Department of Commerce developed in consultation with the European Commission in order to meet the European ‘adequacy’ standard for privacy protection.

Google Analytics
Google's Privacy policy
Privacy Shield certification

Personal information communicated via the website or by e-mail

In addition to contacting the ECB via the e-mail addresses shown on this website, you can also contact us via electronic services such as the ECB online recruitment system, where your personal information is required in order for us to provide the services you request.

ECB online recruitment system

How does the ECB protect and safeguard your information?

The information on this website is covered by a system of personal data safeguards and an e-mail privacy policy.

Legal basis – The policy on the protection of individuals with regard to the processing of their personal data by the Union institutions and bodies is based on Regulation (EC) No 45/2001. The ECB processes personal data in accordance with this Regulation.

Data Protection Officer – Within the ECB, the Data Protection Officer ensures that the provisions of Regulation (EC) No 45/2001 are applied and advises data controllers on fulfilling their obligations (see Article 24 of the Regulation).

The European Data Protection Supervisor acts as an independent supervisory authority for all the Union institutions and bodies (see Articles 41 to 45 of Regulation (EC) No 45/2001).

Electronic services – for each specific electronic service offered by the ECB, a data controller determines the purposes of, and means for, the processing of personal data submitted and ensures that it complies with the privacy policy.

E-mails – Your personal data are collected only to the extent necessary to reply. If you have any questions about the processing of your e-mail and related personal data, do not hesitate to include them in your message.

Recruitment website – Specific information on data protection concerning the handling of personal data for recruitment purposes can be found on the dedicated career pages of this website.

European Data Protection Supervisor