2007 Q4

HICP Inflation forecasts

Inflation is defined as the year on year percentage change in the euro area all items Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices (HICP), as published by Eurostat.
2007 Q4 inflation forecasts
  2007 2008 2009 Sep. 2008 Sep. 2009 2012
Mean point estimate 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.9
Standard deviation 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1
Number of replies 57 57 50 50 46 46
Probability distributions 2007 2008 2009 Sep. 2008 Sep. 2009 2012
<0.0% 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.10.3
0.0-0.4% 0.1 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.50.7
0.5-0.9% 0.3 1.0 1.3 1.5 1.62.4
1.0-1.4% 1.1 5.1 8.6 7.9 10.410.2
1.5-1.9% 36.1 36.3 38.2 38.9 37.438.0
2.0-2.4% 58.5 46.6 40.4 40.3 37.435.9
2.5-2.9% 3.6 9.2 9.1 9.5 10.39.0
3.0-3.4% 0.3 1.2 1.6 1.3 2.02.5
>3.5% 0.0 0.2 0.4 0.1 0.30.9
Total 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

Core HICP inflation forecasts

Core inflation is defined as the year on year percentage change in the euro area HICP special aggregate ‘all items excluding energy, food, alcohol and tobacco’, as published by Eurostat.

Real GDP growth forecasts

Real GDP growth is defined as year on year percentage change of real GDP (i.e. in volumes) in the euro area , according to the standardised European System of national and regional Accounts 2010 definition, as published by Eurostat.

2007 Q4 real GDP growth forecasts
  2007 2008 2009 2008 Q2 2009 Q2 2012
Mean point estimate 2.6 2.1 2.2 2.1 2.2 2.2
Standard deviation 0.1 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.3
Number of replies 57 57 50 51 45 43
Probability distributions 2007 2008 2009 2008 Q2 2009 Q2 2012
<0.0% 0.0 0.5 0.6 0.3 0.40.8
0.0-0.4% 0.1 1.0 0.9 0.8 0.91.5
0.5-0.9% 0.3 2.4 2.2 2.4 2.23.1
1.0-1.4% 1.0 7.2 8.5 7.6 8.07.3
1.5-1.9% 3.6 28.6 25.1 29.9 26.722.2
2.0-2.4% 32.2 38.7 37.7 39.7 37.639.0
2.5-2.9% 57.4 16.9 18.4 15.4 17.716.5
3.0-3.4% 4.6 3.1 4.6 2.9 4.96.8
3.5-3.9% 0.6 1.0 1.4 0.8 1.32.0
>4.0% 0.2 0.5 0.7 0.2 0.40.7
Total 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

Unemployment rate forecasts

The unemployment rate is defined as the number of unemployed, according to the ILO's definition, as a percentage of the labour force, as published by Eurostat.

2007 Q4 unemployment rate forecasts
  2007 2008 2009 Aug. 2008 Aug. 2009 2012
Mean point estimate 7.0 6.7 6.6 6.7 6.6 6.4
Standard deviation 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.6
Number of replies 55 55 47 47 42 40
Probability distributions 2007 2008 2009 Aug. 2008 Aug. 2009 2012
<5.5% 0.0 0.4 1.0 0.3 1.16.7
5.5-5.9% 0.3 2.4 4.5 2.5 4.410.3
6.0-6.4% 1.5 13.3 22.8 13.7 24.024.1
6.5-6.9% 42.0 47.4 39.4 47.8 37.729.6
7.0-7.4% 50.3 28.5 22.8 28.4 23.015.8
7.5-7.9% 4.8 5.8 6.3 5.4 6.56.8
8.0-8.4% 0.6 1.3 1.9 1.1 1.83.5
8.5-8.9% 0.2 0.6 0.8 0.6 0.91.5
9.0-9.4% 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.40.8
9.5-9.9% 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.20.5
10.0-10.4% 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.10.2
10.5-10.9% 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.00.1
>11.0% 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.00.1
Total 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0