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2003 Q1

HICP Inflation forecasts

Inflation is defined as the year on year percentage change in the euro area all items Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices (HICP), as published by Eurostat.
2003 Q1 inflation forecasts
  2003 2004 Dec. 2003 Dec. 2004 2007
Mean point estimate 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.9
Standard deviation 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.2
Number of replies 56 54 54 51 46
Probability distributions 2003 2004 Dec. 2003 Dec. 2004 2007
<0.0% 0.0 0.2 0.1 0.30.6
0.0-0.4% 0.1 1.0 0.9 1.41.5
0.5-0.9% 2.3 5.4 5.5 5.05.4
1.0-1.4% 11.8 16.4 18.2 15.413.9
1.5-1.9% 47.3 44.2 41.3 40.736.6
2.0-2.4% 30.0 23.9 25.3 26.125.4
2.5-2.9% 7.4 6.6 6.6 7.610.7
3.0-3.4% 0.9 1.9 1.7 2.84.0
>3.5% 0.2 0.4 0.4 0.71.8
Total 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

Core HICP inflation forecasts

Core inflation is defined as the year on year percentage change in the euro area HICP special aggregate ‘all items excluding energy, food, alcohol and tobacco’, as published by Eurostat.

Real GDP growth forecasts

Real GDP growth is defined as year on year percentage change of real GDP (i.e. in volumes) in the euro area , according to the standardised European System of national and regional Accounts 2010 definition, as published by Eurostat.

2003 Q1 real GDP growth forecasts
  2003 2004 2003 Q3 2004 Q3 2007
Mean point estimate 1.4 2.3 1.5 2.4 2.4
Standard deviation 0.3 0.2 0.4 0.3 0.3
Number of replies 56 54 52 49 46
Probability distributions 2003 2004 2003 Q3 2004 Q3 2007
<0.0% 0.6 0.3 0.8 0.70.5
0.0-0.4% 4.6 1.0 3.5 1.01.1
0.5-0.9% 15.5 3.5 13.6 3.33.1
1.0-1.4% 38.3 10.1 32.2 8.25.9
1.5-1.9% 29.5 23.0 33.9 17.314.6
2.0-2.4% 8.2 35.8 10.4 33.932.8
2.5-2.9% 2.4 18.9 4.1 25.328.4
3.0-3.4% 0.7 5.1 1.2 7.19.2
3.5-3.9% 0.1 1.7 0.2 2.13.7
>4.0% 0.0 0.6 0.1 1.00.8
Total 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

Unemployment rate forecasts

The unemployment rate is defined as the number of unemployed, according to the ILO's definition, as a percentage of the labour force, as published by Eurostat.

2003 Q1 unemployment rate forecasts
  2003 2004 Nov. 2003 Nov. 2004 2007
Mean point estimate 8.5 8.2 8.4 8.1 7.1
Standard deviation 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.7
Number of replies 55 53 48 46 42
Probability distributions 2003 2004 Nov. 2003 Nov. 2004 2007
<5.5% 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.02.7
5.5-5.9% 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.04.7
6.0-6.4% 0.1 0.9 0.1 1.07.5
6.5-6.9% 0.3 2.7 1.0 3.517.9
7.0-7.4% 2.6 4.7 4.4 7.224.9
7.5-7.9% 9.6 19.3 10.0 23.521.5
8.0-8.4% 35.6 39.3 37.3 36.512.0
8.5-8.9% 40.9 22.1 35.6 18.95.6
9.0-9.4% 9.0 7.9 9.3 7.02.0
9.5-9.9% 1.8 2.3 1.9 1.80.8
10.0-10.4% 0.2 0.6 0.3 0.50.2
10.5-10.9% 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.10.0
>11.0% 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.00.0
Total 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0