Survey on the access to finance of enterprises
The survey on the access to finance of enterprises (SAFE) provides information on the latest developments in the financial situation of enterprises, and documents trends in the need for and availability of external financing. The survey results are broken down by firm size, branch of economic activity, country, firm age, financial autonomy and ownership.
The survey is conducted twice a year: once by the ECB covering euro area countries (see results below) and once in cooperation with the European Commission covering all EU countries plus some neighbouring countries.View dates for upcoming releases
For the media
This report presents the main results of the 27th round of the Survey on the Access to Finance of Enterprises (SAFE) in the euro area, which was conducted between 7 September and 14 October 2022.Read the press release
Find out more about the latest survey responses on economic activity, financing conditions and future expectations regarding enterprises’ access to finance.Read the report
WANT TO LEARN MORE?
CHECK OUT OUR PREVIOUS RELEASES
6 December 2022
Survey on the Access to Finance of Enterprises in the euro area - April to September 2022
1 June 2022
Survey on the Access to Finance of Enterprises in the euro area - October 2021 to March 2022
24 November 2021
Survey on the Access to Finance of Enterprises in the euro area - April to September 2021
1 June 2021
Survey on the Access to Finance of Enterprises in the euro area - October 2020 to March 2021
Why and how we carry out the survey
The majority of firms in the euro area are small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). These enterprises account for a major share of euro area turnover and employment.
SMEs are not just “scaled-down” versions of large businesses: it is likely that the monetary policy transmission mechanism is different for SMEs compared with large firms because of SMEs’ higher dependence on financing from banks. The results of this survey are therefore useful to the ECB in its decision-making.
The survey on access to finance of enterprises (SAFE) provides information on the financing conditions faced by SMEs compared with those of large firms during the past six months, in particular regarding:
- financial situation, growth, innovation and need for external financing
- use of internal and external funds
- experience with applications for external financing
- use of loans, loan size and the reasons for accessing specific loans
- views on how accessible different types of available financing are
- expectations on future financing.
- Methodological information on the survey and user guide for the anonymised micro dataset
- Annex 3 to the methodological information on the survey (including a summary of all changes introduced to the questionnaire over time and the general characteristics of the euro area enterprises that participated in the survey)
Report on and data from the joint European Commission & ECB surveys
As of 2013, the data and report from the joint survey are published every year (previously every two years), covering all EU Member States and a few other countries.
Data for the euro area enterprises
Access to microdata
If you would like to access the anonymised microdata, please fill in and return the confidentiality declaration form to the survey access team via email.
Twice a year, usually in March and October, we contact thousands of businesses in Europe to ask what financing conditions they are experiencing and how easily they can access finance.
Kantar, a research company, in cooperation with GDCC (Global Data Collection Company), an independent market research firm, carries out this survey on behalf of the ECB and the European Commission. The interviews are conducted over a five-week period mainly by telephone, though respondents can also complete an online questionnaire.
You may have been contacted as a potential respondent. If so, we would greatly appreciate your participation. If you have any questions about the survey, please email us at firstname.lastname@example.org.