Economic Bulletin Focus

External environment
21 June 2017
The recent evolution of global risks - an assessment
Economic Bulletin Issue 4, 2017
23 March 2017
EME financial market developments after the 2016 US presidential election compared with developments after the 2013 tapering talk episode
Economic Bulletin Issue 2, 2017
22 December 2016
Impact of the November 2016 OPEC agreement on the oil market
Economic Bulletin Issue 8, 2016
3 November 2016
Economic developments in the aftermath of the UK referendum on EU membership
Economic Bulletin Issue 7, 2016
20 September 2016
Determinants of the slowdown in global trade: what is the new normal?
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2016
3 August 2016
Recent developments in capital flows to emerging market economies
Economic Bulletin Issue 5, 2016
13 June 2016
Global implications of low oil prices
Economic Bulletin Issue 4, 2016
24 March 2016
The slowdown in US labour productivity growth - stylised facts and economic implications
Economic Bulletin Issue 2, 2016
24 March 2016
Current oil price trends
Economic Bulletin Issue 2, 2016
4 February 2016
What is driving Brazil's economic downturn?
Economic Bulletin Issue 1, 2016
5 November 2015
Explaining the drivers of the recent increase in oil price volatility
Economic Bulletin Issue 7, 2015
4 November 2015
Trade links between the euro area and China
Economic Bulletin Issue 7, 2015
14 September 2015
Recent developments and outlook for non-oil commodity prices
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2015
30 July 2015
Why has growth in emerging market economies slowed?
Economic Bulletin Issue 5, 2015
18 June 2015
The rise to prominence of India’s economy
Economic Bulletin Issue 4, 2015
28 April 2015
Broad money and lending in the United States during the implementation of the Federal Reserve's large-scale asset purchase programmes
Economic Bulletin Issue 3, 2015
27 April 2015
Japan's recent net export performance
Economic Bulletin Issue 3, 2015
19 March 2015
Assessing US inflation developments using the Phillips curve
Economic Bulletin Issue 2, 2015
5 February 2015
The outlook for China's economy: risks, reforms and challenges
Economic Bulletin Issue 1, 2015
13 November 2014
Understanding the recent decline in oil prices
Economic Bulletin Issue 11, 2014
1 September 2014
Recent economic developments in Japan
Economic Bulletin Issue 9, 2014
10 July 2014
Commodity price developments and their implications for global inflation
Economic Bulletin Issue 7, 2014
10 July 2014
Understanding global trade elasticities: what has changed?
Economic Bulletin Issue 7, 2014
10 April 2014
Is the unemployment rate a sound gauge of labour market developments in the United States?
Economic Bulletin Issue 4, 2014
13 March 2014
Repercussions of the recent financial market tensions in emerging market economies
Economic Bulletin Issue 3, 2014
13 February 2014
Drivers of recent global inflation developments
Economic Bulletin Issue 2, 2014
1 January 2014
Latvia adopts the euro
Economic Bulletin Issue 1, 2014
1 January 2014
Is weak credit holding back the economic recovery in the United States and the United Kingdom?
Economic Bulletin Issue 1, 2014
12 December 2013
Factors underlying China's growth performance and prospects
Economic Bulletin Issue 12, 2013
14 November 2013
How much progress has been achieved in household deleveraging in the United States?
Economic Bulletin Issue 11, 2013
1 September 2013
China - short-term prospects and medium-term policy intentions
Economic Bulletin Issue 9, 2013
1 September 2013
Towards a global convergence of natural gas prices?
Economic Bulletin Issue 9, 2013
13 June 2013
The role of central and eastern Europe in pan-European and global value chains
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2013
11 April 2013
Recent developments in US fiscal policy and their likely impact on economic activity
Economic Bulletin Issue 4, 2013
14 February 2013
The implications of the resurgence in fossil energy production
Economic Bulletin Issue 2, 2013
17 January 2013
China's growth outlook
Economic Bulletin Issue 1, 2013
11 October 2012
Developments in the housing market in China
Economic Bulletin Issue 10, 2012
13 September 2012
Economic implications of the fiscal restraint in the United States in 2013
Economic Bulletin Issue 9, 2012
9 August 2012
Recent developments in oil prices
Economic Bulletin Issue 8, 2012
12 July 2012
How does the current recovery in selected advanced economies compare with an average recovery?
Economic Bulletin Issue 7, 2012
14 June 2012
Recent developments in international reserve holdings of central and eastern European non-euro area EU countries
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2012
14 June 2012
Recent developments in labour force participation in the euro area and the United States
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2012
10 May 2012
Recent developments in the US housing market
Economic Bulletin Issue 5, 2012
13 October 2011
Financialisation of commodities and cross-market returns
Economic Bulletin Issue 10, 2011
15 September 2011
Euro area dependence on international supply chains
Economic Bulletin Issue 9, 2011
14 July 2011
Are recent wage increases in China putting upward pressure on euro area import prices?
Economic Bulletin Issue 7, 2011
16 June 2011
The experience of macroeconomic adjustment in the Baltic States
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2011
12 May 2011
Global economic repercussions of the earthquake in Japan
Economic Bulletin Issue 5, 2011
14 April 2011
Political tensions in the Middle East and North Africa: economic implications for the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 4, 2011
20 January 2011
Recent developments in food commodity prices
Economic Bulletin Issue 1, 2011
9 December 2010
The economic recovery in the central and eastern European EU countries
Economic Bulletin Issue 12, 2010
14 October 2010
The growing importance of emerging economies
Economic Bulletin Issue 10, 2010
9 September 2010
The impact of US housing support initiatives on recent housing market developments
Economic Bulletin Issue 9, 2010
15 April 2010
Prospects for the labour market recovery in the United States
Economic Bulletin Issue 4, 2010
11 March 2010
Oil capacity investment and the economic downturn
Economic Bulletin Issue 3, 2010
21 January 2010
External adjustment in central and eastern Europe
Economic Bulletin Issue 1, 2010
10 December 2009
Monetary policy regimes and macroeconomic stability
Economic Bulletin Issue 12, 2009
10 September 2009
The risks of protectionism
Economic Bulletin Issue 9, 2009
9 April 2009
US recessions: what can be learned from the past?
Economic Bulletin Issue 4, 2009
12 March 2009
The recent sharp contraction in world trade from a historical perspective
Economic Bulletin Issue 3, 2009
1 June 2008
What accounts for the surge in global food prices?
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2008
15 November 2007
The short-term outlook for global growth: a PMI-based assessment
Economic Bulletin Issue 11, 2007
13 September 2007
House price developments in central and eastern European countries
Economic Bulletin Issue 9, 2007
9 November 2006
Global imbalances: recent developments and policy requirements
Economic Bulletin Issue 11, 2006
15 June 2006
Measuring world growth: do weights matter?
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2006
9 March 2006
China's national account revisions
Economic Bulletin Issue 3, 2006
9 March 2006
Recent inflation developments in the new EU Member States and the impact of EU accession
Economic Bulletin Issue 3, 2006
19 January 2006
Factors accounting for the rise in oil prices
Economic Bulletin Issue 1, 2006
10 November 2005
Macroeconomic implications of high oil prices for emerging market economies
Economic Bulletin Issue 11, 2005
14 July 2005
Oil-bill recycling and its impact
Economic Bulletin Issue 7, 2005
14 April 2005
Recent trends in sovereign spreads and economic fundamentals in emerging markets
Economic Bulletin Issue 4, 2005
11 December 2003
Non-Japan Asia's role in the global economy
Economic Bulletin Issue 12, 2003
15 June 2000
World trade, GDP and inflation outlook according to OECD, European Commission and IMF forecasts
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2000
Financial developments

Money markets

10 July 2014
Real interest rates in the euro area: a longer-term perspective
Economic Bulletin Issue 7, 2014
11 July 2013
Early repayments of funds raised through three-year longer-term refinancing operations: developments since February 2013
Economic Bulletin Issue 7, 2013
11 July 2013
The governing council's forward guidance on the key ECB interest rates
Economic Bulletin Issue 7, 2013
14 February 2013
Early repayment of funds raised through three-year longer-term refinancing operations: economic rationale and impact on the money market
Economic Bulletin Issue 2, 2013
13 December 2012
Banks' funding conditions and the financing of non-financial private sectors in the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 12, 2012
16 February 2012
Implementation of new collateral rules and reserve requirements
Economic Bulletin Issue 2, 2012
19 January 2012
The impact of the first three-year longer-term refinancing operation
Economic Bulletin Issue 1, 2012
13 August 2009
The impact of the first one-year longer-term refinancing operation
Economic Bulletin Issue 8, 2009
9 August 2007
Volatility of the overnight interest rate and its transmission along the euro area money market yield curve
Economic Bulletin Issue 8, 2007
15 February 2007
Stock prices and earnings in the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 2, 2007
13 July 2006
The Eurosystem's operational framework and the volatility of the overnight interest rate
Economic Bulletin Issue 7, 2006
19 January 2006
Stock options, share buy-backs and their effects on equity markets: evidence from the United States
Economic Bulletin Issue 1, 2006
11 August 2005
The transmission of overnight interest rate volatility to longer-term interest rates in the euro area money market
Economic Bulletin Issue 8, 2005
10 March 2005
The volatility of the overnight interest rate from a medium-term perspective
Economic Bulletin Issue 3, 2005
12 December 2002
Activity in the euro area initial public offering market
Economic Bulletin Issue 12, 2002
12 December 2002
Information content of the trade volume of EURIBOR futures
Economic Bulletin Issue 12, 2002
14 November 2002
Recent stock market developments in the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 11, 2002
19 September 2002
The impact of accounting issues on recent stock market developments
Economic Bulletin Issue 9, 2002
19 September 2002
The importance of the effects of stock price movements on economic activity in the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 9, 2002
13 June 2002
Issues related to Monetary Conditions Indices
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2002
9 May 2002
US stock markets and corporate profit measures
Economic Bulletin Issue 5, 2002
9 May 2002
Measures of implied volatility derived from options on short-term interest rates futures
Economic Bulletin Issue 5, 2002
13 December 2001
Recent developments in sectoral stock price indices in the euro area in the United States
Economic Bulletin Issue 12, 2001
14 June 2001
The information content of the main money market instruments in the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2001
9 March 2000
Recent developments in implied interest rate volatility
Economic Bulletin Issue 3, 2000
9 December 1999
Inferring expected interest rate volatility from options prices
Economic Bulletin Issue 12, 1999
9 December 1999
The effect of the transition to the year 2000 on money market interest rates
Economic Bulletin Issue 12, 1999
19 January 1999
The monetary policy operational framework of the Eurosystem: a brief introduction
Economic Bulletin Issue 1, 1999

Liquidity

22 June 2017
Liquidity conditions and monetary policy operations in the period from 25 January to 2 May 2017
Economic Bulletin Issue 4, 2017
23 March 2017
Liquidity conditions and monetary policy operations in the period from 26 October 2016 to 24 January 2017
Economic Bulletin Issue 2, 2017
22 December 2016
Liquidity conditions and monetary policy operations in the period from 27 July to 25 October 2016
Economic Bulletin Issue 8, 2016
22 September 2016
Liquidity conditions and monetary policy operations in the period from 27 April to 26 July 2016
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2016
16 June 2016
Liquidity conditions and monetary policy operations in the period from 27 January 2016 to 26 April 2016
Economic Bulletin Issue 4, 2016
24 March 2016
Liquidity conditions and monetary policy operations in the period from 28 October 2015 to 26 January 2016
Economic Bulletin Issue 2, 2016
17 December 2015
Liquidity conditions and monetary policy operations in the period from 22 July to 27 October 2015
Economic Bulletin Issue 8, 2015
17 September 2015
Liquidity conditions and monetary policy operations in the period from 22 April to 21 July 2015
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2015
18 June 2015
Liquidity conditions and monetary policy operations in the period from 28 January 2015 to 21 April 2015
Economic Bulletin Issue 4, 2015
19 March 2015
Liquidity conditions and monetary policy operations in the period from 12 November 2014 to 27 January 2015
Economic Bulletin Issue 2, 2015
11 December 2014
Liquidity conditions and monetary policy operations in the period from 13 August to 11 November 2014
Economic Bulletin Issue 12, 2014
1 September 2014
Liquidity conditions and monetary policy operations in the period from 14 May to 12 August 2014
Economic Bulletin Issue 9, 2014
1 September 2014
Estimating expected liquidity conditions in the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 9, 2014
12 June 2014
Liquidity conditions and monetary policy operations in the period from 12 February 2014 to 13 May
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2014
13 March 2014
Liquidity conditions and monetary policy operations in the period from 13 November 2013 to 11 February 2014
Economic Bulletin Issue 3, 2014
12 December 2013
Liquidity conditions and monetary policy operations in the period from 7 August 2013 to 12 November 2013
Economic Bulletin Issue 12, 2013
1 September 2013
Liquidity conditions and monetary policy operations in the period from 8 May to 6 August 2013
Economic Bulletin Issue 9, 2013
13 June 2013
Liquidity conditions and monetary policy operations in the period from 13 February 2013 to 7 May 2013
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2013
14 March 2013
Liquidity conditions and monetary policy operations in the period from 14 November 2012 to 12 February 2013
Economic Bulletin Issue 3, 2013
13 September 2012
Liquidity conditions and monetary policy operations in the period from 9 May to 7 August 2012
Economic Bulletin Issue 9, 2012
14 June 2012
Liquidity conditions and monetary policy operations in the period from 15 February to 8 May 2012
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2012
15 March 2012
Liquidity conditions and monetary policy operations in the period from 9 November 2011 to 14 February 2012
Economic Bulletin Issue 3, 2012
15 March 2012
Impact of the two three-year longer-term refinancing operations
Economic Bulletin Issue 3, 2012
15 December 2011
Liquidity conditions and monetary policy operations in the period from 10 August to 8 November 2011
Economic Bulletin Issue 12, 2011
15 September 2011
Liquidity conditions and monetary policy operations in the period from 11 May to 9 August 2011
Economic Bulletin Issue 9, 2011
16 June 2011
Liquidity conditions and monetary policy operations in the period from 9 February to 10 May 2011
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2011
10 March 2011
Liquidity conditions and monetary policy operations in the period from 10 November 2010 to 8 February 2011
Economic Bulletin Issue 3, 2011
9 December 2010
Liquidity conditions and monetary policy operations in the period from 11 August to 9 November 2010
Economic Bulletin Issue 12, 2010
9 September 2010
Liquidity conditions and monetary policy operations in the period from 12 May 2010 to 10 August 2010
Economic Bulletin Issue 9, 2010
17 June 2010
Liquidity conditions and monetary policy operations in the period from 10 February 2010 to 11 May 2010
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2010
11 March 2010
Liquidity conditions and monetary policy operations in the period from 11 November 2009 to 9 February 2010
Economic Bulletin Issue 3, 2010
10 December 2009
Liquidity conditions and monetary policy operations in the period from 12 August to 10 November 2009
Economic Bulletin Issue 12, 2009
10 September 2009
Liquidity conditions and monetary policy operations in the period from 13 May to 11 August 2009
Economic Bulletin Issue 9, 2009
11 June 2009
Liquidity conditions and monetary policy operations in the period from 11 February to 12 May 2009
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2009
12 March 2009
Liquidity conditions and monetary policy operations in the period from 12 November 2008 to 10 February 2009
Economic Bulletin Issue 3, 2009
11 December 2008
Liquidity conditions and monetary policy operations in the period from 13 August to 11 November 2008
Economic Bulletin Issue 12, 2008
11 September 2008
Liquidity conditions and monetary policy operations in the period from 14 May 2008 to 12 August 2008
Economic Bulletin Issue 9, 2008
1 June 2008
Liquidity conditions and monetary policy operations in the period from 13 February 2008 to 13 May 2008
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2008
13 March 2008
Liquidity conditions and monetary policy operations in the period from 14 November 2007 to 12 February 2008
Economic Bulletin Issue 3, 2008
17 January 2008
Recent liquidity operations and their impact on monetary aggregates
Economic Bulletin Issue 1, 2008
13 December 2007
Liquidity conditions and monetary policy operations in the period from 8 August to 13 November 2007
Economic Bulletin Issue 12, 2007
13 September 2007
The ECB's additional open market operations in the period from 8 August to 5 September 2007
Economic Bulletin Issue 9, 2007
13 September 2007
Liquidity conditions and monetary policy operations from 15 May to 7 August 2007
Economic Bulletin Issue 9, 2007
14 June 2007
Liquidity conditions and monetary policy operations in the period from 14 February 2007 to 14 May 2007
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2007
15 March 2007
Liquidity conditions and monetary policy operations from 8 November 2006 to 13 February 2007
Economic Bulletin Issue 3, 2007
14 December 2006
Liquidity conditions and monetary policy operations from 9 August 2006 to 7 November 2006
Economic Bulletin Issue 12, 2006
7 September 2006
Liquidity conditions and monetary policy operations from 10 May 2006 to 8 August 2006
Economic Bulletin Issue 9, 2006
15 June 2006
Liquidity conditions and monetary policy operations from 8 February 2006 to 9 May 2006
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2006
9 March 2006
Liquidity conditions and monetary policy operations from 9 November 2005 to 7 February 2006
Economic Bulletin Issue 3, 2006
8 December 2005
Liquidity conditions and monetary policy operations from 10 August to 8 November 2005
Economic Bulletin Issue 12, 2005
13 October 2005
Excess reserves and the ECB's implementation of monetary policy
Economic Bulletin Issue 10, 2005
8 September 2005
Liquidity conditions and monetary policy operations from 11 May to 9 August 2005
Economic Bulletin Issue 9, 2005
9 June 2005
Liquidity conditions and monetary policy operations from 8 February to 10 May 2005
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2005
10 March 2005
Liquidity conditions and monetary policy operations from 9 November 2004 to 7 February 2005
Economic Bulletin Issue 3, 2005
9 December 2004
Liquidity conditions and monetary policy operations from 11 August to 8 November 2004
Economic Bulletin Issue 12, 2004
9 September 2004
Liquidity conditions and monetary policy operations from 12 May to 10 August 2004
Economic Bulletin Issue 9, 2004
10 June 2004
Liquidity conditions and monetary policy operations from 24 January 2004 to 11 May 2004
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2004
13 April 2004
Publication of the benchmark allotment in the main refinancing operations
Economic Bulletin Issue 4, 2004
12 February 2004
Liquidity conditions and monetary policy operations from 24 November 2003 to 23 January 2004
Economic Bulletin Issue 2, 2004
11 December 2003
Monetary policy operations and liquidity conditions in the reserve maintenance period ending on 23 November 2003
Economic Bulletin Issue 12, 2003
13 November 2003
Monetary policy operations and liquidity conditions in the reserve maintenance period ending on 23 October 2003
Economic Bulletin Issue 11, 2003
9 October 2003
Monetary policy operations and liquidity conditions in the reserve maintenance period ending on 23 September 2003
Economic Bulletin Issue 10, 2003
11 September 2003
Monetary policy operations and liquidity conditions in the reserve maintenance period ending on 23 August 2003
Economic Bulletin Issue 9, 2003
7 August 2003
Monetary policy operations and liquidity conditions in the reserve maintenance period ending on 23 July 2003
Economic Bulletin Issue 8, 2003
17 July 2003
Monetary policy operations and liquidity conditions in the reserve maintenance period ending on 23 June 2003
Economic Bulletin Issue 7, 2003
12 June 2003
Monetary policy operations and liquidity conditions in the reserve maintenance period ending on 23 May 2003
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2003
15 May 2003
Monetary policy operations and liquidity conditions in the reserve maintenance period ending on 23 April 2003
Economic Bulletin Issue 5, 2003
10 April 2003
Monetary policy operations and liquidity conditions in the reserve maintenance period ending on 23 March 2003
Economic Bulletin Issue 4, 2003
13 March 2003
Monetary policy operations and liquidity conditions in the reserve maintenance period ending on 23 February 2003
Economic Bulletin Issue 3, 2003
13 February 2003
Monetary policy operations and liquidity conditions in the reserve maintenance period ending on 23 January 2003
Economic Bulletin Issue 2, 2003
23 January 2003
Monetary policy operations and liquidity conditions in the reserve maintenance period ending on 23 December 2002
Economic Bulletin Issue 1, 2003
12 July 2001
Autonomous liquidity factors in the euro area and the use of the forecasts of liquidity needs provided by the ECB
Economic Bulletin Issue 7, 2001
18 May 2000
Monetary policy operations and liquidity conditions in the reserve maintenance period ending on 23 April 2000
Economic Bulletin Issue 5, 2000
13 July 1999
Treasury activities affecting the liquidity situation in the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 7, 1999
20 April 1999
Allotments in monetary policy operations and liquidity conditions in the second reserve maintenance period
Economic Bulletin Issue 4, 1999

Bond markets

22 June 2017
Which sectors sold the government securities purchased by the Eurosystem?
Economic Bulletin Issue 4, 2017
21 June 2017
The ECB's corporate sector purchase programme: its implementation and impact
Economic Bulletin Issue 4, 2017
3 August 2016
The corporate bond market and the ECB’s corporate sector purchase programme
Economic Bulletin Issue 5, 2016
10 July 2014
Real interest rates in the euro area: a longer-term perspective
Economic Bulletin Issue 7, 2014
11 July 2013
The information content of inflation options
Economic Bulletin Issue 7, 2013
13 June 2013
Recent developments in spreads on corporate bonds issued by euro area non-financial corporations
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2013
15 March 2012
Developments in the issuance and yield spreads of euro area government debt securities
Economic Bulletin Issue 3, 2012
15 December 2011
Estimating real yields and break-even inflation rates following the recent intensification of the sovereign debt crisis
Economic Bulletin Issue 12, 2011
13 October 2011
Private sector involvement and its financial stability implications
Economic Bulletin Issue 10, 2011
12 August 2010
Covered bond market developments and the covered bond purchase programme
Economic Bulletin Issue 8, 2010
17 June 2010
Developments in financial markets in early May
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2010
13 May 2010
Financial integration and the financial crisis in 2008: a cross-border portfolio allocation perspective
Economic Bulletin Issue 5, 2010
10 December 2009
An assessment of recent developments in long-term forward break-even inflation rates
Economic Bulletin Issue 12, 2009
10 September 2009
New evidence on credit and liquidity premia in selected euro area sovereign yields
Economic Bulletin Issue 9, 2009
9 July 2009
A comparison of the developments in euro area sovereign bond spreads and US state bond spreads during the financial turmoil
Economic Bulletin Issue 7, 2009
12 March 2009
How have governments' bank rescue packages affected investors' perceptions of credit risk?
Economic Bulletin Issue 3, 2009
11 December 2008
Computing long-term interest rate assumptions from the euro area yield curve
Economic Bulletin Issue 12, 2008
13 November 2008
Recent increases in real yields and their implications for the analysis of inflation expectations
Economic Bulletin Issue 11, 2008
13 November 2008
Recent widening in euro area sovereign bond yield spreads
Economic Bulletin Issue 11, 2008
11 September 2008
Recent developments in the term structure of break-even inflation rates in the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 9, 2008
1 June 2008
A comparison of spreads on corporate debt financing in the euro area and the United States
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2008
15 May 2008
Recent developments in government bond yield spreads
Economic Bulletin Issue 5, 2008
17 April 2008
Recent developments in bond market liquidity premia and implications for break-even inflation rates
Economic Bulletin Issue 4, 2008
11 October 2007
The recent repricing of credit risk
Economic Bulletin Issue 10, 2007
13 September 2007
Seasonality in break-even inflation rates
Economic Bulletin Issue 9, 2007
1 May 2007
Demand for bonds by institutional investors and bond yield developments in the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 5, 2007
19 April 2007
Long-term real and inflation risk premia in the euro area bond market
Economic Bulletin Issue 4, 2007
15 March 2007
The development of international ages between government bond yield curves in the euro area and the United States
Economic Bulletin Issue 3, 2007
14 December 2006
The recent flattening of the euro area yield curve: what role was played by risk premia?
Economic Bulletin Issue 12, 2006
12 October 2006
Developments in US bond yields and stock prices after peaks in the federal funds target rate
Economic Bulletin Issue 10, 2006
13 July 2006
Estimation of constant-maturity index-linked bond yields and break-even inflation rates for the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 7, 2006
12 April 2006
How is news about macroeconomic fundamentals incorporated into the euro area bond market?
Economic Bulletin Issue 4, 2006
9 February 2006
Does the flattening of the US yield curve signal lower growth ahead?
Economic Bulletin Issue 2, 2006
8 December 2005
The term structure of implied interest rate volatilities
Economic Bulletin Issue 12, 2005
8 September 2005
Recent developments in government bond yield spreads in euro area countries
Economic Bulletin Issue 9, 2005
11 August 2005
Long-term and short-term nominal interest rates in the largest euro area countries from a historical perspective
Economic Bulletin Issue 8, 2005
14 July 2005
Tools for calculating and interpreting real interest rate developments in the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 7, 2005
9 June 2005
Recent increase in corporate bond spreads
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2005
12 May 2005
Change to the index-linked bond used for the calculation of long-term break-even inflation rates
Economic Bulletin Issue 5, 2005
14 April 2005
Recent developments in long-term real interest rates
Economic Bulletin Issue 4, 2005
20 January 2005
Determinants of the fall of corporate bond spreads in recent years
Economic Bulletin Issue 1, 2005
9 December 2004
Recent trends in implied bond market volatility
Economic Bulletin Issue 12, 2004
9 September 2004
Measuring real interest rates in the euro area countries
Economic Bulletin Issue 9, 2004
12 August 2004
The information content of euro area long-term forward interest rates
Economic Bulletin Issue 8, 2004
8 July 2004
The development of a high-yield bond market in the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 7, 2004
10 June 2004
Using financial derivatives to assess market participants' short-term inflation expectations for the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2004
13 May 2004
The impact of recent employment data releases in the United States on global bond markets
Economic Bulletin Issue 5, 2004
11 December 2003
Recent developments in the market for index-linked bonds in the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 12, 2003
13 November 2003
Recent developments in spreads between euro area government bond yields
Economic Bulletin Issue 11, 2003
11 September 2003
Deriving euro area inflation expectations from inflation-linked swaps
Economic Bulletin Issue 9, 2003
11 September 2003
Current euro area interest rates from a historical perspective
Economic Bulletin Issue 9, 2003
15 May 2003
Factors underlying the low levels of long-term bond yields in the United States and the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 5, 2003
10 April 2003
Recent movements in corporate bond spreads and stock prices
Economic Bulletin Issue 4, 2003
14 February 2002
Deriving long-term euro area inflation expectations from index-ed bonds issued by the French
Economic Bulletin Issue 2, 2002
15 November 2001
Longer-term developments in nominal and real interest rates in the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 11, 2001
9 August 2001
Recent developments in corporate bond spreads
Economic Bulletin Issue 8, 2001
19 April 2001
Recent developments in real interest rates in the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 4, 2001
21 September 2000
Recent developments in long-term interest rate differentials between the United States and the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 9, 2000
17 March 1999
Key issues for the analysis of real interest rates in the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 3, 1999
16 February 1999
Deriving inflation expectations from inflation index-ed bonds
Economic Bulletin Issue 2, 1999
19 January 1999
Yield curve developments since July 1998
Economic Bulletin Issue 1, 1999

Equity markets

18 June 2015
Recent equity price developments in the euro area and the United States
Economic Bulletin Issue 4, 2015

Exchange rates

16 September 2015
Revised trade weights for the effective exchange rates of the euro reflect the increasing importance of emerging market economies
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2015
18 June 2015
Monitoring the exchange rate pass-through to HICP inflation
Economic Bulletin Issue 4, 2015
17 March 2015
Recent movements in the effective exchange rate of the euro
Economic Bulletin Issue 2, 2015
5 February 2015
Lithuania adopts the euro
Economic Bulletin Issue 1, 2015
14 August 2014
The introduction of the euro in Lithuania on 1 January 2015
Economic Bulletin Issue 8, 2014
1 January 2014
Latvia adopts the euro
Economic Bulletin Issue 1, 2014
8 August 2013
The introduction of the euro in Latvia on 1 January 2014
Economic Bulletin Issue 8, 2013
15 March 2012
The effective exchange rates of the euro - revised trade weights in the light of global economic integration
Economic Bulletin Issue 3, 2012
13 October 2011
Recent developments in the exchange rate of the Swiss franc against the euro
Economic Bulletin Issue 10, 2011
20 January 2011
Estonia adopts the euro
Economic Bulletin Issue 1, 2011
12 August 2010
The introduction of the euro in Estonia on 1 January 2011
Economic Bulletin Issue 8, 2010
15 July 2010
China’s reform of the renminbi exchange rate regime
Economic Bulletin Issue 7, 2010
13 May 2010
Extra-euro area export prices and exchange rate pass-through
Economic Bulletin Issue 5, 2010
11 March 2010
Carry trades and exchange rates
Economic Bulletin Issue 3, 2010
21 January 2010
International trade developments and revision of the effective exchange rates of the euro
Economic Bulletin Issue 1, 2010
12 February 2009
The recent exceptional rise in exchange rate volatility
Economic Bulletin Issue 2, 2009
22 January 2009
The adoption of the euro by Slovakia
Economic Bulletin Issue 1, 2009
14 August 2008
The introduction of the euro in Slovakia on 1 January 2009
Economic Bulletin Issue 8, 2008
1 June 2008
Revaluation of the Slovak koruna within ERM II
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2008
17 January 2008
The euro area following the entry of Cyprus and Malta
Economic Bulletin Issue 1, 2008
9 August 2007
Introduction of the euro in Cyprus and Malta on 1 January 2008
Economic Bulletin Issue 8, 2007
19 April 2007
Revaluation of the Slovak koruna within ERM II
Economic Bulletin Issue 4, 2007
15 March 2007
The effective exchange rates of the euro following the recent euro area and EU enlargements
Economic Bulletin Issue 3, 2007
10 August 2006
Adoption of the euro by Slovenia as from 1 January 2007
Economic Bulletin Issue 8, 2006
12 April 2006
How close are the co-movements of main currencies?
Economic Bulletin Issue 4, 2006
8 December 2005
Entry of the Slovak koruna into the exchange rate mechanism II (ERM II)
Economic Bulletin Issue 12, 2005
8 September 2005
The reform of the renminbi exchange rate regime
Economic Bulletin Issue 9, 2005
12 May 2005
Entry of the currencies of Cyprus, Latvia and Malta into the Exchange Rate Mechanism II (ERM II)
Economic Bulletin Issue 5, 2005
9 September 2004
Update of the overall trade weights for the effective exchange rates of the euro and computation of a new set of euro indicators
Economic Bulletin Issue 9, 2004
8 July 2004
Conventions and procedures for the exchange rate mechanism II (ERMII)
Economic Bulletin Issue 7, 2004
8 July 2004
Entry of the currencies of Estonia, Lithuania and Slovenia into the exchange rate mechanism II (ERM II)
Economic Bulletin Issue 7, 2004
13 May 2004
Real effective exchange rate developments from a euro area and from a country perspective
Economic Bulletin Issue 5, 2004
13 November 2003
Developments in the nominal effective exchange rate of the US dollar: a regional perspective
Economic Bulletin Issue 11, 2003
12 June 2003
Euro effective exchange rate developments from a historical perspective
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2003
15 May 2003
Using currency options-based indicators to assess sentiment in the foreign exchange markets
Economic Bulletin Issue 5, 2003
10 April 2003
Broad versus narrow indices for the effective exchange rate of the euro
Economic Bulletin Issue 4, 2003
8 March 2001
The decomposition of the effective exchange rate of the euro into regional sub-indices
Economic Bulletin Issue 3, 2001
8 March 2001
Adjustments in the computation of the euro effective exchange rate indices following the adoption of the euro by Greece
Economic Bulletin Issue 3, 2001
9 November 2000
Determinants of the "equilibrium" value of a currency
Economic Bulletin Issue 11, 2000
10 February 2000
Strong recovery in export volumes
Economic Bulletin Issue 2, 2000
14 October 1999
Effective exchange rates for the euro
Economic Bulletin Issue 10, 1999
13 July 1999
Operations in the foreign exchange market conducted by the ECB on behalf of the Bank of Japan
Economic Bulletin Issue 7, 1999

Other

22 June 2017
Private sector indebtedness and deleveraging in the euro area countries
Economic Bulletin Issue 4, 2017
21 June 2017
The ECB's corporate sector purchase programme: its implementation and impact
Economic Bulletin Issue 4, 2017
11 May 2017
The ECB’s asset purchase programme and TARGET balances: monetary policy implementation and beyond
Economic Bulletin Issue 3, 2017
23 March 2017
Impact of the ECB's non-standard measures on financing conditions: taking stock of recent evidence
Economic Bulletin Issue 2, 2017
20 March 2017
Analysing euro area net portfolio investment outflows
Economic Bulletin Issue 2, 2017
2 February 2017
Financial cycles and the macroeconomy
Economic Bulletin Issue 1, 2017
2 November 2016
TARGET balances and the asset purchase programme
Economic Bulletin Issue 7, 2016
22 September 2016
Financing constraints in euro area regions
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2016
4 August 2016
The launch of money market statistical reporting
Economic Bulletin Issue 5, 2016
2 May 2016
Rebalancing in euro area portfolio investment flows
Economic Bulletin Issue 3, 2016
17 September 2015
Publication of TARGET balances
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2015
17 September 2015
The usefulness of TARGET2 transaction data for the analysis of the unsecured overnight money market
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2015
5 February 2015
The Governing Council's expanded asset purchase programme
Economic Bulletin Issue 1, 2015
14 March 2013
The role of profits in shaping domestic price pressures in the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 3, 2013
15 April 2010
Profit developments and their behaviour after periods of recession
Economic Bulletin Issue 4, 2010
12 November 2009
Developments in profit margins
Economic Bulletin Issue 11, 2009
11 December 2008
Euro area non-energy commodity price indices compiled by the ECB
Economic Bulletin Issue 12, 2008
11 September 2008
Financial activity in the oil markets
Economic Bulletin Issue 9, 2008
14 August 2008
Profit developments in the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 8, 2008
1 June 2008
What accounts for the surge in global food prices?
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2008
14 June 2007
Developments in euro area profits
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2007
14 December 2006
Using national accounts data to gauge price pressures in the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 12, 2006
15 June 2006
Developments in the composition of euro area and US stock market indices
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2006
13 October 2005
Trade liberalisation and its impact on the euro area textile and clothing sectors
Economic Bulletin Issue 10, 2005
13 October 2005
Recent oil and petrol price developments
Economic Bulletin Issue 10, 2005
12 May 2005
Recent developments in oil prices
Economic Bulletin Issue 5, 2005
20 January 2005
Using information from the weekly Oil Bulletin to monitor short-term energy price developments
Economic Bulletin Issue 1, 2005
9 December 2004
Possible impact of the removal of trade quotas for textiles and clothing
Economic Bulletin Issue 12, 2004
9 December 2004
Competition and price developments in the euro area electricity and gas markets
Economic Bulletin Issue 12, 2004
9 December 2004
Prediction of future oil prices
Economic Bulletin Issue 12, 2004
17 July 2003
New base year for euro area short-term indicators
Economic Bulletin Issue 7, 2003
9 August 2001
Release of harmonised statistics for main industrial groupings in short-term statistics
Economic Bulletin Issue 8, 2001
15 June 1999
Liberalisation and price developments: the example of the telecommunications sector
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 1999
19 January 1999
Non-financial statistics supporting the analysis of euro area-wide economic developments
Economic Bulletin Issue 1, 1999
Economic activity

Output and demand

2 February 2017
Financial cycles and the macroeconomy
Economic Bulletin Issue 1, 2017
2 February 2017
Economic growth in the euro area is broadening
Economic Bulletin Issue 1, 2017
22 December 2016
Structural indicators of the euro area business environment
Economic Bulletin Issue 8, 2016
21 September 2016
Factors behind developments in average hours worked per person employed since 2008
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2016
19 September 2016
Global production patterns from a European perspective: insights from a survey of large euro area firms
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2016
2 August 2016
Recent developments in euro area construction activity
Economic Bulletin Issue 5, 2016
14 June 2016
Low interest rates and households’ net interest income
Economic Bulletin Issue 4, 2016
24 March 2016
Factors behind the comparatively strong actvity in euro area services
Economic Bulletin Issue 2, 2016
24 March 2016
The impact of the oil price decline on the current account surplus of the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 2, 2016
4 February 2016
A closer look at differences between industrial gross value added and industrial production
Economic Bulletin Issue 1, 2016
14 December 2015
What is behind the low investment in the euro area? Responses from a survey of large euro area firms
Economic Bulletin Issue 8, 2015
5 November 2015
An assessment of recent euro area consumption growth
Economic Bulletin Issue 7, 2015
15 September 2015
A survey-based measure of slack for the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2015
30 July 2015
Does consumer confidence predict private consumption?
Economic Bulletin Issue 5, 2015
30 April 2015
What has been driving consumer confidence?
Economic Bulletin Issue 3, 2015
30 April 2015
Recent developments in the consumption of durable goods
Economic Bulletin Issue 3, 2015
5 February 2015
The recent oil price decline and the euro area economic outlook
Economic Bulletin Issue 1, 2015
11 December 2014
The current weakness in euro area investment compared with past crisis episodes
Economic Bulletin Issue 12, 2014
13 November 2014
A closer look at the recovery in euro area services
Economic Bulletin Issue 11, 2014
13 November 2014
The impact of the European System of Accounts 2010 on euro area macroeconomic
Economic Bulletin Issue 11, 2014
9 October 2014
What lies behind the recent decline in economic sentiment?
Economic Bulletin Issue 10, 2014
14 August 2014
A new indicator on euro area capacity utilisation in services
Economic Bulletin Issue 8, 2014
10 July 2014
Inflation risk premia in market-based measures of inflation expectations
Economic Bulletin Issue 7, 2014
12 June 2014
Survey evidence on investment developments across SMEs and large firms
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2014
12 June 2014
Recent trends in household real disposable income
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2014
15 May 2014
Recent developments in the consumption of durable goods in the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 5, 2014
10 April 2014
Euro area sectoral value added growth and the Purchasing Managers' Index
Economic Bulletin Issue 4, 2014
10 April 2014
Factors behind the fall and recovery in business investment
Economic Bulletin Issue 4, 2014
10 April 2014
Slack in the euro area economy
Economic Bulletin Issue 4, 2014
1 January 2014
Business investment – signs of a modest recovery ahead
Economic Bulletin Issue 1, 2014
14 November 2013
What has driven the recent euro area current account improvement?
Economic Bulletin Issue 11, 2013
10 October 2013
How has macroeconomic uncertainty in the euro area evolved recently?
Economic Bulletin Issue 10, 2013
11 July 2013
Introducing the ECB indicator on euro area industrial new orders
Economic Bulletin Issue 7, 2013
13 June 2013
Trends in export market shares in the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2013
9 May 2013
Uncovering the dynamics of residential investment
Economic Bulletin Issue 5, 2013
14 March 2013
Stockbuilding developments since 2008
Economic Bulletin Issue 3, 2013
14 February 2013
Changes in the allocation of gross value added in the euro area: a sectoral perspective
Economic Bulletin Issue 2, 2013
11 October 2012
Stock prices and economic growth
Economic Bulletin Issue 10, 2012
9 August 2012
Adjustment processes within the euro area: developments in Ireland, Greece, Spain, Cyprus and Portugal
Economic Bulletin Issue 8, 2012
12 July 2012
Recent developments in the euro area construction industry
Economic Bulletin Issue 7, 2012
12 July 2012
How does the current recovery in selected advanced economies compare with an average recovery?
Economic Bulletin Issue 7, 2012
14 June 2012
Developments in longer-term growth expectations for the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2012
14 June 2012
Business investment in 2012: evidence from short-term indicators and surveys
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2012
10 May 2012
Identifying cyclical signals from euro area economic indicators
Economic Bulletin Issue 5, 2012
10 May 2012
Stockbuilding – theoretical considerations and recent developments
Economic Bulletin Issue 5, 2012
12 April 2012
The new approach to seasonal adjustment1 of European aggregates in short-term statistics
Economic Bulletin Issue 4, 2012
15 March 2012
Recent developments in consumer confidence and the link with private consumption
Economic Bulletin Issue 3, 2012
15 December 2011
Recent sectoral productivity developments in the euro area and the United States
Economic Bulletin Issue 12, 2011
15 December 2011
Recent developments in the car industry in major euro area countries
Economic Bulletin Issue 12, 2011
15 December 2011
Output volatility in the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 12, 2011
10 November 2011
Recent evidence on the uncertainty surrounding real-time estimates of the euro area output gap
Economic Bulletin Issue 11, 2011
15 September 2011
Indicators of euro area private consumption - current situation and avenues to explore
Economic Bulletin Issue 9, 2011
15 September 2011
The recent slowdown in economic growth in the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 9, 2011
11 August 2011
The current recovery from a historical perspective
Economic Bulletin Issue 8, 2011
14 July 2011
Recent productivity developments in the euro area and the United States
Economic Bulletin Issue 7, 2011
14 July 2011
Investment ratios in the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 7, 2011
14 July 2011
Household spending, consumer confidence and durable consumption
Economic Bulletin Issue 7, 2011
16 June 2011
A cross-check of output gap estimates for the euro area with other cyclical indicators
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2011
12 May 2011
The measurement and prediction of the euro area business cycle
Economic Bulletin Issue 5, 2011
14 April 2011
Revisions to euro area GDP growth
Economic Bulletin Issue 4, 2011
10 March 2011
Recent revisions to forecasts for activity growth
Economic Bulletin Issue 3, 2011
10 February 2011
Investment outlook in the euro area: an assessment based on survey and capacity utilisation data
Economic Bulletin Issue 2, 2011
10 February 2011
The current euro area recovery across expenditure components from a historical perspective
Economic Bulletin Issue 2, 2011
9 December 2010
Developments in the euro area and global car industries
Economic Bulletin Issue 12, 2010
14 October 2010
The recovery of production capacity utilisation in the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 10, 2010
15 July 2010
Household consumption of durable goods during the latest recession
Economic Bulletin Issue 7, 2010
15 April 2010
The current euro area recovery across economic sectors from a historical perspective
Economic Bulletin Issue 4, 2010
15 April 2010
Business investment, capacity utilisation and demand
Economic Bulletin Issue 4, 2010
11 March 2010
Compilation, usefulness and recent developments in the euro area consumer confidence indicator
Economic Bulletin Issue 3, 2010
11 March 2010
The carry-over effect on annual average real GDP growth
Economic Bulletin Issue 3, 2010
10 December 2009
Recent developments in euro area productivity
Economic Bulletin Issue 12, 2009
15 October 2009
The effects of vehicle scrapping schemes across euro area countries
Economic Bulletin Issue 10, 2009
10 September 2009
Recent developments in euro area capacity utilisation and factors limiting economic activity
Economic Bulletin Issue 9, 2009
13 August 2009
Seasonal adjustment of short-term economic indicators for the euro area in the current recession
Economic Bulletin Issue 8, 2009
13 August 2009
Uncertainty and the economic prospects for the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 8, 2009
9 July 2009
Euro area investment in the current downturn
Economic Bulletin Issue 7, 2009
9 July 2009
Potential output estimates for the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 7, 2009
14 May 2009
The construction industry in the downturn
Economic Bulletin Issue 5, 2009
14 May 2009
Recent developments in stock building
Economic Bulletin Issue 5, 2009
9 April 2009
A comparison of the current recession in the euro area economy and its two main branches with past periods of recession
Economic Bulletin Issue 4, 2009
12 March 2009
The development of projections for euro area growth in 2009
Economic Bulletin Issue 3, 2009
11 December 2008
Developments in potential output in the light of changes in oil prices and credit risk premia
Economic Bulletin Issue 12, 2008
13 November 2008
The reliability of survey data during periods of financial turmoil
Economic Bulletin Issue 11, 2008
10 July 2008
Recent developments in private consumption and the impact of price increases
Economic Bulletin Issue 7, 2008
15 May 2008
Recent developments in euro area services activity
Economic Bulletin Issue 5, 2008
13 March 2008
European Commission investment survey for the manufacturing sector
Economic Bulletin Issue 3, 2008
11 October 2007
Capacity utilisation in the euro area: measures and implications
Economic Bulletin Issue 10, 2007
14 June 2007
Assessing recent developments in inventories
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2007
15 March 2007
European Commission investment survey
Economic Bulletin Issue 3, 2007
18 January 2007
Developments in survey data on limits to manufacturing production
Economic Bulletin Issue 1, 2007
9 November 2006
Recent developments in euro area investment
Economic Bulletin Issue 11, 2006
10 August 2006
Seasonal and calendar effects on euro area GDP
Economic Bulletin Issue 8, 2006
15 June 2006
The reliability of estimates of euro area GDP growth and its components
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2006
11 May 2006
The usefulness of business tendency survey indicators for conjunctural analysis
Economic Bulletin Issue 5, 2006
11 May 2006
Estimates of the euro area capital stock
Economic Bulletin Issue 5, 2006
8 December 2005
Improvements to euro area GDP and national accounts
Economic Bulletin Issue 12, 2005
10 November 2005
Latest developments in investment by type of product
Economic Bulletin Issue 11, 2005
10 November 2005
The current euro area recovery from a historical perspective
Economic Bulletin Issue 11, 2005
13 October 2005
Output growth differentials within the euro area: are they cyclical or trend-driven?
Economic Bulletin Issue 10, 2005
8 September 2005
Construction developments in the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 9, 2005
14 July 2005
Trends in euro area potential output growth
Economic Bulletin Issue 7, 2005
9 June 2005
Assessing the recent impulse from the external sector to euro area activity
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2005
12 May 2005
Latest developments in investment by type of product
Economic Bulletin Issue 5, 2005
12 May 2005
Recent developments in output growth divergence across euro area countries
Economic Bulletin Issue 5, 2005
10 March 2005
The carry-over effect on annual average real GDP growth in 2005
Economic Bulletin Issue 3, 2005
10 February 2005
The (un)reliability of output gap estimates in real time
Economic Bulletin Issue 2, 2005
11 November 2004
Latest developments in investment by type of product
Economic Bulletin Issue 11, 2004
12 August 2004
Differences between industrial production and value added data in industry in the first quarter of 2004
Economic Bulletin Issue 8, 2004
13 May 2004
Latest developments in investment by type of product
Economic Bulletin Issue 5, 2004
13 April 2004
First estimates of retail trade turnover in the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 4, 2004
12 February 2004
The assessment of current and expected economic conditions according to European Commission surveys
Economic Bulletin Issue 2, 2004
11 December 2003
New orders in euro area manufacturing industries
Economic Bulletin Issue 12, 2003
11 December 2003
What is behind discrepancies between growth in GDP and gross value added?
Economic Bulletin Issue 12, 2003
11 September 2003
Latest developments in investment by type of product
Economic Bulletin Issue 9, 2003
12 June 2003
The contribution of inventory changes for business cycle fluctuations
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2003
12 June 2003
New flash estimates of quarterly real GDP for the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2003
13 March 2003
Factors behind the weakness in investment by type of product
Economic Bulletin Issue 3, 2003
19 September 2002
New data on the composition of investment
Economic Bulletin Issue 9, 2002
14 February 2002
The information content of job vacancies in the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 2, 2002
14 February 2002
Business survey data for activity in the euro area services sectors
Economic Bulletin Issue 2, 2002
13 December 2001
Carry-over effects on annual average growth rates of real GDP
Economic Bulletin Issue 12, 2001
13 December 2001
Euro area exports and imports of goods according to national accounts and external trade statistics
Economic Bulletin Issue 12, 2001
20 September 2001
The sensitivity of euro area growth to the measurement of ICT prices
Economic Bulletin Issue 9, 2001
9 August 2001
Revisions to quarterly national accounts data for the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 8, 2001
9 August 2001
Release of harmonised statistics for main industrial groupings in short-term statistics
Economic Bulletin Issue 8, 2001
17 May 2001
Developments in euro area manufacturing production and individual industries
Economic Bulletin Issue 5, 2001
12 October 2000
Different ways of calculating the growth rate of real GDP
Economic Bulletin Issue 10, 2000
13 July 2000
The construction sector in the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 7, 2000
18 May 2000
The structure and development of value added in the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 5, 2000
20 April 2000
The relative importance of domestic and foreign demand for output growth in the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 4, 2000
10 February 2000
Retail sales in the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 2, 2000
13 January 2000
Recent developments in stock-building in the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 1, 2000
14 October 1999
Recent developments in industrial and consumer confidence in the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 10, 1999
16 September 1999
Industrial production in the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 9, 1999
15 June 1999
The new national accounts framework (ESA 95)
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 1999
17 March 1999
Investment in the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 3, 1999
16 February 1999
Recent developments in confidence indicators in the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 2, 1999

External trade

19 June 2017
Recent developments in the euro area current account balance
Economic Bulletin Issue 4, 2017
30 July 2015
Recent developments in extra-euro area trade: the role of emerging market economies
Economic Bulletin Issue 5, 2015
16 June 2015
Recent current account developments in euro area countries with large pre-crisis deficits
Economic Bulletin Issue 4, 2015
13 February 2014
Current account adjustment in the EU Member States of central and eastern Europe
Economic Bulletin Issue 2, 2014
1 January 2014
To what extent has the current account adjustment in the stressed euro area countries been cyclical or structural?
Economic Bulletin Issue 1, 2014
14 November 2013
What has driven the recent euro area current account improvement?
Economic Bulletin Issue 11, 2013
11 July 2013
Progress in the current account adjustment in the euro area in 2012
Economic Bulletin Issue 7, 2013
13 June 2013
Trends in export market shares in the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2013
9 May 2013
How have global value chains affected world trade patterns?
Economic Bulletin Issue 5, 2013
13 December 2012
Global trade: recent developments and short-term outlook
Economic Bulletin Issue 12, 2012
12 April 2012
The anatomy of current account reversals
Economic Bulletin Issue 4, 2012
15 March 2012
Longer-term developments in extra-euro area and intra-euro area trade
Economic Bulletin Issue 3, 2012
19 January 2012
The recent weakness in world trade
Economic Bulletin Issue 1, 2012
10 November 2011
Updating measures of euro area foreign demand to account for changes in the geographical structure of euro area exports
Economic Bulletin Issue 11, 2011
16 June 2011
Developments in the euro area balance of payments to March 2011
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2011
12 May 2011
Euro area trade in services: specialisation patterns and recent trends
Economic Bulletin Issue 5, 2011
10 March 2011
Recent developments in the euro area balance of payments
Economic Bulletin Issue 3, 2011
10 March 2011
The importance of the euro area as an export destination
Economic Bulletin Issue 3, 2011
14 October 2010
Trends in world trade following the financial crisis
Economic Bulletin Issue 10, 2010
13 May 2010
Extra-euro area export prices and exchange rate pass-through
Economic Bulletin Issue 5, 2010
11 February 2010
Recent developments in euro area trade
Economic Bulletin Issue 2, 2010
11 June 2009
The downturn in euro area trade
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2009
14 May 2009
Recent developments in extra-euro area trade prices and price competitiveness
Economic Bulletin Issue 5, 2009
14 May 2009
Effects of the oil price decline on the current accounts of selected economies
Economic Bulletin Issue 5, 2009
11 December 2008
New euro area industrial import price and industrial producer export price indices
Economic Bulletin Issue 12, 2008
11 December 2008
Euro area non-energy commodity price indices compiled by the ECB
Economic Bulletin Issue 12, 2008
9 October 2008
Recent changes in the geographical composition of euro area foreign demand
Economic Bulletin Issue 10, 2008
14 August 2008
The impact of the financial turmoil on euro area cross-border financial flows
Economic Bulletin Issue 8, 2008
10 July 2008
Oil-bill recycling and its impact on extra-euro area exports
Economic Bulletin Issue 7, 2008
17 April 2008
Developments in extra-euro area exports
Economic Bulletin Issue 4, 2008
12 July 2007
Current account balances across the euro area countries from a savings and investment perspective
Economic Bulletin Issue 7, 2007
14 June 2007
Is the downward impact of globalisation on import prices waning?
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2007
19 April 2007
Oil-bill recycling and extra-euro area exports
Economic Bulletin Issue 4, 2007
10 August 2006
Effects of the rising trade integration of low-cost countries on euro area import prices
Economic Bulletin Issue 8, 2006
9 June 2005
Indicators of euro area cost and price competitiveness: similarities and differences
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2005
14 April 2005
Recent developments in extra-euro area trade volumes and prices
Economic Bulletin Issue 4, 2005
14 October 2004
The geographical composition of euro area foreign demand
Economic Bulletin Issue 10, 2004
8 July 2004
Recent developments in the extra-euro area trade volumes and prices
Economic Bulletin Issue 7, 2004
7 August 2003
Recent developments in extra-euro area trade volumes and prices
Economic Bulletin Issue 8, 2003
20 September 2001
Commodity and geographical breakdown of euro area external trade
Economic Bulletin Issue 9, 2001
9 December 1999
The openness of the euro area with regard to external trade
Economic Bulletin Issue 12, 1999
13 July 1999
Foreign trade developments in 1997 and 1998
Economic Bulletin Issue 7, 1999

Labour market

10 May 2017
Assessing labour market slack
Economic Bulletin Issue 3, 2017
10 May 2017
Recent developments in youth unemployment
Economic Bulletin Issue 3, 2017
2 February 2017
Wage adjustment and employment in Europe: some results from the Wage Dynamics Network Survey
Economic Bulletin Issue 1, 2017
5 February 2015
Recent developments in the labour force participation rate in the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 1, 2015
13 November 2014
Cyclical improvements in the labour markets of non-euro area EU countries
Economic Bulletin Issue 11, 2014
13 February 2014
Developments in youth unemployment in euro area countries since the onset of the crisis
Economic Bulletin Issue 2, 2014
12 December 2013
The effect of the crisis on employment and wages in non-market services
Economic Bulletin Issue 12, 2013
14 November 2013
Recent developments in labour market participation in the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 11, 2013
8 August 2013
Labour market developments in the euro area and the United States since the beginning of the global financial crisis
Economic Bulletin Issue 8, 2013
13 June 2013
Three indicators to complement the standard definition of employment and unemployment
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2013
11 April 2013
Estimates of slack in the labour market
Economic Bulletin Issue 4, 2013
14 February 2013
Unemployment developments in the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 2, 2013
13 December 2012
Recent euro area labour market developments in a historical context
Economic Bulletin Issue 12, 2012
12 July 2012
Recent developments in the Okun relationship in the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 7, 2012
14 June 2012
Recent developments in labour force participation in the euro area and the United States
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2012
15 March 2012
Labour market adjustment in the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 3, 2012
15 December 2011
Labour market mobility in the central and eastern European EU member states, compared with that of the euro area, Denmark and Sweden
Economic Bulletin Issue 12, 2011
16 June 2011
Back to Okun's Law? Recent developments in euro area output and unemployment
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2011
14 April 2011
Sectoral developments in employment and hours worked in the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 4, 2011
10 March 2011
Labour market mobility and transitions in labour market status in the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 3, 2011
9 December 2010
Recent unemployment developments in the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 12, 2010
14 October 2010
The euro area job vacancy rate: a new statistical series
Economic Bulletin Issue 10, 2010
15 July 2010
A comparison of employment developments in the euro area and the United States
Economic Bulletin Issue 7, 2010
17 June 2010
Recent labour supply developments
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2010
10 September 2009
The composition of the recent decline in employment in the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 9, 2009
11 September 2008
Youth unemployment in the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 9, 2008
11 September 2008
Developments in total hours worked in the euro area: a long-term perspective
Economic Bulletin Issue 9, 2008
10 July 2008
Labour supply and employment in the euro area: developments and challenges
Economic Bulletin Issue 7, 2008
1 June 2008
Recent trends in labour productivity growth in the euro area and the United States
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2008
13 March 2008
Employment developments in the euro area construction sector
Economic Bulletin Issue 3, 2008
17 January 2008
Labour productivity developments in the euro area: results from the latest release of the EU KLEMS database
Economic Bulletin Issue 1, 2008
15 November 2007
Recent revisions to euro area unemployment statistics
Economic Bulletin Issue 11, 2007
13 September 2007
Euro area employment in 2006: a more balanced growth
Economic Bulletin Issue 9, 2007
19 April 2007
Sectoral employment developments in the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 4, 2007
14 December 2006
Recent labour force developments in the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 12, 2006
9 November 2006
Determinants of the services sector employment share in the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 11, 2006
7 September 2006
Recent developments in total hours worked in the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 9, 2006
12 April 2006
A comparison of employment developments in the euro area and the United States since 1995
Economic Bulletin Issue 4, 2006
12 April 2006
Cross-border labour mobility within the enlarged EU
Economic Bulletin Issue 4, 2006
12 April 2006
Labour productivity and price developments in the euro area services sector: the role of competition
Economic Bulletin Issue 4, 2006
19 January 2006
Some country-specific factors behind recent euro area employment developments
Economic Bulletin Issue 1, 2006
13 October 2005
Developments in euro area labour quality and their implications for labour productivity growth
Economic Bulletin Issue 10, 2005
11 August 2005
A longer-term perspective on structural unemployment in the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 8, 2005
10 March 2005
Developments in euro area labour productivity
Economic Bulletin Issue 3, 2005
14 October 2004
Developments in total hours worked in the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 10, 2004
10 June 2004
The impact of the number of working days on euro area GDP in 2004
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2004
17 July 2003
Labour hoarding in the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 7, 2003
13 March 2003
The information content of data on total hours worked in industry
Economic Bulletin Issue 3, 2003
12 December 2002
The unemployment-vacancy relationship in the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 12, 2002
8 August 2002
Developments in euro area labour productivity
Economic Bulletin Issue 8, 2002
24 January 2002
The employment guidelines for 2002
Economic Bulletin Issue 1, 2002
18 October 2001
Euro area sectoral employment growth and employment business survey results
Economic Bulletin Issue 10, 2001
9 August 2001
Sectoral employment growth in the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 8, 2001
8 March 2001
Changes in the definition of unemployment in EU Member States
Economic Bulletin Issue 3, 2001
11 January 2001
The employment guidelines for 2001
Economic Bulletin Issue 1, 2001
21 September 2000
Revisions to employment figures
Economic Bulletin Issue 9, 2000
15 June 2000
Labour force developments in the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2000
15 June 1999
The European Employment Pact
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 1999

Projections

13 June 2013
Forecasts by other institutions
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2013
13 June 2013
Technical assumptions about interest rates, exchange rates, commodity prices and fiscal policies
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2013
14 March 2013
ECB staff macroeconomic projections for the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 3, 2013
13 December 2012
Forecasts by other institutions
Economic Bulletin Issue 12, 2012
13 December 2012
Technical assumptions about interest rates, exchange rates, commodity prices and fiscal policies
Economic Bulletin Issue 12, 2012
13 September 2012
ECB staff macroeconomic projections for the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 9, 2012
14 June 2012
Forecasts by other institutions
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2012
14 June 2012
Technical assumptions about interest rates, exchange rates, commodity prices and fiscal policies
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2012
15 March 2012
ECB staff macroeconomic projections for the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 3, 2012
15 December 2011
Eurosystem staff macroeconomic projections for the euro area: technical assumptions about interest rates, exchange rates, commodity prices and fiscal policies
Economic Bulletin Issue 12, 2011
15 December 2011
Eurosystem staff macroeconomic projections for the euro area: forecasts by other institutions
Economic Bulletin Issue 12, 2011
15 September 2011
ECB staff macroeconomic projections for the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 9, 2011
16 June 2011
Eurosystem staff macroeconomic projections for the euro area: forecasts by other institutions
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2011
16 June 2011
Eurosystem staff macroeconomic projections for the euro area: technical assumptions about interest rates, exchange rates, commodity prices and fiscal policies
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2011
10 March 2011
ECB staff macroeconomic projections for the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 3, 2011
10 March 2011
Recent revisions to forecasts for activity growth
Economic Bulletin Issue 3, 2011
9 December 2010
Forecasts by other institutions
Economic Bulletin Issue 12, 2010
9 December 2010
Technical assumptions about interest rates, exchange rates, commodity prices and fiscal policies
Economic Bulletin Issue 12, 2010
9 September 2010
ECB staff macroeconomic projections for the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 9, 2010
17 June 2010
Forecasts by other institutions
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2010
17 June 2010
Technical assumptions about interest rates, exchange rates, commodity prices and fiscal policies
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2010
11 March 2010
ECB staff macroeconomic projections for the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 3, 2010
10 December 2009
Forecasts by other institutions
Economic Bulletin Issue 12, 2009
10 December 2009
Technical assumptions about interest rates, exchange rates, commodity prices and fiscal policies
Economic Bulletin Issue 12, 2009
10 September 2009
ECB staff macroeconomic projections for the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 9, 2009
11 June 2009
Forecasts by other institutions
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2009
11 June 2009
Technical assumptions about interest rates, exchange rates, commodity prices and fiscal policies
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2009
12 March 2009
ECB staff macroeconomic projections for the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 3, 2009
11 December 2008
Forecasts by other institutions
Economic Bulletin Issue 12, 2008
11 December 2008
Technical assumptions about interest rates, exchange rates, commodity prices and fiscal policies
Economic Bulletin Issue 12, 2008
11 September 2008
ECB staff macroeconomic projections for the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 9, 2008
1 June 2008
Forecasts by other institutions
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2008
1 June 2008
Technical assumptions
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2008
13 March 2008
ECB staff macroeconomic projections for the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 3, 2008
13 December 2007
Forecasts by other institutions
Economic Bulletin Issue 12, 2007
13 December 2007
Technical assumptions
Economic Bulletin Issue 12, 2007
13 September 2007
ECB staff macroeconomic projections for the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 9, 2007
14 June 2007
Forecasts by other institutions
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2007
14 June 2007
Technical assumptions
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2007
15 March 2007
ECB staff macroeconomic projections for the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 3, 2007
14 December 2006
Eurosystem staff macroeconomic projections for the euro area: forecasts by other institutions
Economic Bulletin Issue 12, 2006
14 December 2006
Eurosystem staff macroeconomic projections for the euro area: technical assumptions
Economic Bulletin Issue 12, 2006
7 September 2006
ECB staff macroeconomic projections for the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 9, 2006
15 June 2006
Eurosystem staff macroeconomic projections for the euro area: forecasts by other institutions
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2006
15 June 2006
Eurosystem staff macroeconomic projections for the euro area: technical assumptions
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2006
9 March 2006
ECB staff macroeconomic projections for the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 3, 2006
8 December 2005
Forecasts by other institutions
Economic Bulletin Issue 12, 2005
8 December 2005
Technical assumptions
Economic Bulletin Issue 12, 2005
8 September 2005
ECB staff macroeconomic projections for the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 9, 2005
9 June 2005
Forecasts by other institutions
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2005
9 June 2005
Comparison with the ECB staff macroeconomic projections of March 2005
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2005
10 March 2005
ECB staff macroeconomic projections for the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 3, 2005
9 December 2004
Forecasts by other institutions
Economic Bulletin Issue 12, 2004
9 December 2004
Comparison with the ECB staff macroeconomic projections of September 2004
Economic Bulletin Issue 12, 2004
9 September 2004
ECB staff macroeconomic projections for the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 9, 2004
10 June 2004
Forecasts by other institutions
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2004
10 June 2004
Comparison with the December 2003 projections
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2004
15 June 2000
A review of economic prospects for the euro area up to 2001
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2000
9 March 2000
A review of economic prospects for the euro area up to 2001
Economic Bulletin Issue 3, 2000
9 December 1999
A review of the prospects for the euro area from 1999 to 2001
Economic Bulletin Issue 12, 1999
17 March 1999
A review of the prospects for the euro area in 1999
Economic Bulletin Issue 3, 1999

Other

2 February 2017
Financial cycles and the macroeconomy
Economic Bulletin Issue 1, 2017
16 June 2016
Improved timeliness of the euro area quarterly GDP flash estimate: first experiences
Economic Bulletin Issue 4, 2016
19 March 2015
The 2015 macroeconomic imbalance procedure
Economic Bulletin Issue 2, 2015
19 March 2015
Factors behind recent household saving patterns in the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 2, 2015
10 July 2014
The macroeconomic effects of structural reforms
Economic Bulletin Issue 7, 2014
10 October 2013
How has macroeconomic uncertainty in the euro area evolved recently?
Economic Bulletin Issue 10, 2013
1 September 2013
Recent developments in the income account of selected euro area countries
Economic Bulletin Issue 9, 2013
11 April 2013
Update of the index and weight reference year to 2010 for short-term business statistics
Economic Bulletin Issue 4, 2013
14 June 2012
The 2012 macroeconomic imbalance procedure
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2012
12 April 2012
The new approach to seasonal adjustment1 of European aggregates in short-term statistics
Economic Bulletin Issue 4, 2012
19 January 2012
Revised activity classification (NACE) in national accounts
Economic Bulletin Issue 1, 2012
21 January 2010
Measuring perceptions of macroeconomic uncertainty
Economic Bulletin Issue 1, 2010
10 December 2009
Household saving behaviour in the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 12, 2009
15 October 2009
Links between output and unemployment in the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 10, 2009
11 October 2007
Sectoral patterns of total factor productivity growth in the euro area countries
Economic Bulletin Issue 10, 2007
9 August 2007
Recent developments in consumer confidence
Economic Bulletin Issue 8, 2007
14 June 2007
Recent developments in the household and corporate sectors: information from new quarterly euro area sector accounts
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2007
15 February 2007
Recent developments in construction
Economic Bulletin Issue 2, 2007
19 January 2006
The 2005-2008 Lisbon National Reform Programmes of the euro area countries
Economic Bulletin Issue 1, 2006
8 December 2005
Further progress on the Principal European Economic Indicators
Economic Bulletin Issue 12, 2005
11 August 2005
The integrated guidelines for growth and jobs 2005-2008
Economic Bulletin Issue 8, 2005
9 June 2005
Major changes in euro area and Member States' national accounts
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2005
9 September 2004
Principal European Economic Indicators: progress up to September 2004
Economic Bulletin Issue 9, 2004
13 November 2003
Recent developments in network industries
Economic Bulletin Issue 11, 2003
11 September 2003
Progress and gaps in euro area short-term statistics
Economic Bulletin Issue 9, 2003
11 July 2002
The Broad Economic Policy Guidelines 2002
Economic Bulletin Issue 7, 2002
13 June 2002
A comparison of the 1998 and 2001 slowdowns in the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2002
14 March 2002
The need for further structural reforms in the euro area labour markets
Economic Bulletin Issue 3, 2002
12 July 2001
The Broad Economic Policy Guidelines for 2001
Economic Bulletin Issue 7, 2001
13 July 2000
The Broad Economic Policy Guidelines 2000
Economic Bulletin Issue 7, 2000
17 August 1999
The impact of the changeover to the ESA 95 on GDP data
Economic Bulletin Issue 8, 1999
13 July 1999
Delayed changeover to the ESA 95
Economic Bulletin Issue 7, 1999
19 January 1999
Non-financial statistics supporting the analysis of euro area-wide economic developments
Economic Bulletin Issue 1, 1999
Price developments

Consumer prices

2 February 2017
What has been driving developments in professional forecasters’ inflation expectations?
Economic Bulletin Issue 1, 2017
2 February 2017
The role of energy base effects in short-term inflation developments
Economic Bulletin Issue 1, 2017
22 December 2016
Assessing the impact of housing costs on HICP inflation
Economic Bulletin Issue 8, 2016
22 September 2016
What accounts for the recent decoupling between the euro area GDP deflator and the HICP excluding energy and food?
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2016
5 May 2016
Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices - Easter effects and improved seasonal adjustment
Economic Bulletin Issue 3, 2016
24 March 2016
The relationship between HICP inflation and HICP inflation excluding energy and food
Economic Bulletin Issue 2, 2016
22 March 2016
Oil prices and euro area consumer energy prices
Economic Bulletin Issue 2, 2016
17 December 2015
The role of base effects in the projected path of HICP inflation
Economic Bulletin Issue 8, 2015
17 September 2015
Recent developments in euro area food prices
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2015
14 September 2015
Recent developments and outlook for non-oil commodity prices
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2015
27 July 2015
Has underlying inflation reached a turning point?
Economic Bulletin Issue 5, 2015
18 June 2015
Monitoring the exchange rate pass-through to HICP inflation
Economic Bulletin Issue 4, 2015
30 April 2015
Developments in longer-term inflation expectations in the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 3, 2015
17 March 2015
Effects of e-commerce on inflation
Economic Bulletin Issue 2, 2015
5 February 2015
The recent oil price decline and the euro area economic outlook
Economic Bulletin Issue 1, 2015
11 December 2014
Indirect effects of oil price developments on euro area inflation
Economic Bulletin Issue 12, 2014
13 November 2014
Recent revisions to projections of euro area HICP inflation
Economic Bulletin Issue 11, 2014
13 November 2014
Understanding the recent decline in oil prices
Economic Bulletin Issue 11, 2014
9 October 2014
Developments in consumer gas prices in the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 10, 2014
1 September 2014
The responsiveness of HICP items to changes in economic slack
Economic Bulletin Issue 9, 2014
14 August 2014
House prices and the rent component of the HICP in the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 8, 2014
10 July 2014
Recent developments in inflation forecasts and shorter and longer-term inflation expectations in the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 7, 2014
10 July 2014
Inflation risk premia in market-based measures of inflation expectations
Economic Bulletin Issue 7, 2014
12 June 2014
Risk of deflation?
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2014
12 June 2014
The role of global factors in recent developments in euro area inflation
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2014
15 May 2014
Calendar effects in recent inflation developments
Economic Bulletin Issue 5, 2014
10 April 2014
Potential measurement issues in consumer price indices
Economic Bulletin Issue 4, 2014
13 March 2014
Impact of services and non-energy industrial goods prices on the recent decline in HICP inflation
Economic Bulletin Issue 3, 2014
13 February 2014
Base effects from the volatile components of the HICP and their impact on HICP inflation in 2014
Economic Bulletin Issue 2, 2014
13 February 2014
Drivers of recent global inflation developments
Economic Bulletin Issue 2, 2014
12 December 2013
Are sub-indices of the HICP measures of underlying inflation?
Economic Bulletin Issue 12, 2013
10 October 2013
The anchoring of long-term inflation expectations in the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 10, 2013
1 September 2013
Recent developments in unprocessed food prices
Economic Bulletin Issue 9, 2013
11 July 2013
The information content of inflation options
Economic Bulletin Issue 7, 2013
14 February 2013
Base effects and their impact on HICP inflation in 2013
Economic Bulletin Issue 2, 2013
14 February 2013
The implications of the resurgence in fossil energy production
Economic Bulletin Issue 2, 2013
15 November 2012
Flash estimates for the main components of the euro area HICP
Economic Bulletin Issue 11, 2012
11 October 2012
Recent developments in consumer prices for oil products
Economic Bulletin Issue 10, 2012
13 September 2012
Recent developments in food commodity prices and their implications for consumer food prices in the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 9, 2012
14 June 2012
The forecast bias for euro area HICP inflation
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2012
14 June 2012
Rebalancing of competitiveness within the euro area and its implications for inflation
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2012
12 April 2012
New standards for HICP weights
Economic Bulletin Issue 4, 2012
15 March 2012
The impact of recent changes in indirect taxes on the HICP
Economic Bulletin Issue 3, 2012
16 February 2012
Average price increases since the euro cash changeover
Economic Bulletin Issue 2, 2012
16 February 2012
Base effects and their impact on HICP inflation in 2012
Economic Bulletin Issue 2, 2012
19 January 2012
Factors limiting the scope available for increases in domestic prices
Economic Bulletin Issue 1, 2012
19 January 2012
The evolution of consumer prices for oil products in 2011
Economic Bulletin Issue 1, 2012
13 October 2011
The implications of external price pressures for euro area HICP inflation
Economic Bulletin Issue 10, 2011
16 June 2011
Inflation in the euro area and the United States: an assessment based on the Phillips curve
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2011
14 April 2011
Methodological changes in the compilation of the HICP and their impact on recent data
Economic Bulletin Issue 4, 2011
10 March 2011
Gauging the impact of indirect taxation on euro area HICP inflation
Economic Bulletin Issue 3, 2011
10 February 2011
Recent and prospective movements in HICP inflation: the role of base effects
Economic Bulletin Issue 2, 2011
20 January 2011
Determinants of inflation differentials in the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 1, 2011
20 January 2011
Recent developments in food commodity prices
Economic Bulletin Issue 1, 2011
11 November 2010
Drivers of recent inflation developments
Economic Bulletin Issue 11, 2010
12 August 2010
Euro area house prices and the rent component of the HICP
Economic Bulletin Issue 8, 2010
17 June 2010
Agricultural commodities and euro area HICP food prices
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2010
11 March 2010
Recent developments in consumers' and professionals' inflation expectations in the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 3, 2010
21 January 2010
Base effects and their impact on HICP inflation in 2010
Economic Bulletin Issue 1, 2010
12 November 2009
New statistical series measuring the impact of indirect taxes on HICP inflation
Economic Bulletin Issue 11, 2009
15 October 2009
Recent trends in the HICP excluding food and energy
Economic Bulletin Issue 10, 2009
10 September 2009
The links between economic activity and inflation in the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 9, 2009
11 June 2009
Recent developments in selected measures of underlying inflation for the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2009
12 March 2009
The current period of disinflation in the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 3, 2009
22 January 2009
Why is services inflation higher than goods inflation in the euro area?
Economic Bulletin Issue 1, 2009
11 December 2008
Accounting for recent and prospective movements in HICP inflation: the role of base effects
Economic Bulletin Issue 12, 2008
11 September 2008
Non-oil energy price developments
Economic Bulletin Issue 9, 2008
11 September 2008
Food price developments in the central and eastern European EU countries outside the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 9, 2008
10 July 2008
Recent developments in consumer oil energy prices
Economic Bulletin Issue 7, 2008
15 May 2008
Judging sectoral inflation developments on the basis of national accounts data
Economic Bulletin Issue 5, 2008
17 April 2008
Recent developments in euro area services price inflation
Economic Bulletin Issue 4, 2008
13 March 2008
Recent developments in selected measures of underlying inflation for the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 3, 2008
17 January 2008
Accounting for recent and prospective movements in HICP inflation: the role of base effects
Economic Bulletin Issue 1, 2008
13 December 2007
Euro area food prices: recent developments and outlook
Economic Bulletin Issue 12, 2007
15 November 2007
Recent developments in consumers' inflation perceptions and expectations in the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 11, 2007
13 September 2007
Recent food price developments in world markets and the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 9, 2007
14 June 2007
Actual versus perceived inflation developments in the countries that joined the EU in May 2004
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2007
1 May 2007
Measuring and assessing the impact of administered prices on HICP inflation
Economic Bulletin Issue 5, 2007
15 March 2007
A detailed look at HICP changes in January each year and a comparison with developments in other months
Economic Bulletin Issue 3, 2007
18 January 2007
The role of base effects in driving recent and prospective developments in HICP inflation
Economic Bulletin Issue 1, 2007
9 November 2006
Recent developments in oil and petrol prices
Economic Bulletin Issue 11, 2006
7 September 2006
Assessing recent movements in consumers' inflation expectations
Economic Bulletin Issue 9, 2006
9 March 2006
New compilation and publication practices for the euro area HICP
Economic Bulletin Issue 3, 2006
9 February 2006
The pass-through of global energy prices to the euro area HICP energy components
Economic Bulletin Issue 2, 2006
19 January 2006
Assessing the reliability of Eurostat's euro area HICP flash estimate
Economic Bulletin Issue 1, 2006
10 November 2005
Diverse patterns in headline and underlying inflation
Economic Bulletin Issue 11, 2005
14 April 2005
Consumers' inflation perceptions: still at odds with official statistics?
Economic Bulletin Issue 4, 2005
8 July 2004
Recent oil price developments and their impact on euro area prices
Economic Bulletin Issue 7, 2004
10 June 2004
Seasonal patterns and volatility in the euro area HICP
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2004
13 April 2004
Recent developments in long-term inflation expectations
Economic Bulletin Issue 4, 2004
11 March 2004
Update of HICP weights and coverage of consumer expenditure
Economic Bulletin Issue 3, 2004
22 January 2004
The impact of developments in indirect and administered prices on inflation
Economic Bulletin Issue 1, 2004
20 January 2004
Base effects and their impact on HICP inflation in early 2005
Economic Bulletin Issue 1, 2005
9 October 2003
Recent developments in the euro area inflation perceptions
Economic Bulletin Issue 10, 2003
11 September 2003
Sources of short-term volatility in HICP inflation
Economic Bulletin Issue 9, 2003
10 April 2003
Revisions of consumer expenditure weights in the HICP
Economic Bulletin Issue 4, 2003
10 April 2003
The dispersion of inflation across the euro area countries and the US metropolitan areas
Economic Bulletin Issue 4, 2003
13 March 2003
Direct impact of changes in administered prices and indirect taxes on euro area HICP developments
Economic Bulletin Issue 3, 2003
14 November 2002
Evaluating Eurostat's euro area HICP flash estimate
Economic Bulletin Issue 11, 2002
17 October 2002
Recent developments in perceived and actual inflation
Economic Bulletin Issue 10, 2002
11 July 2002
Recent developments in services prices in the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 7, 2002
11 July 2002
Recent developments in consumers' inflation perceptions
Economic Bulletin Issue 7, 2002
13 June 2002
The clustering of shocks to HICP inflation since the start of Stage Three of EMU
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2002
14 March 2002
Implementation of additional harmonisation rules for the HICP in January 2002
Economic Bulletin Issue 3, 2002
24 January 2002
Euro cash changeover not expected to have a significant impact on consumer prices at the aggregate level
Economic Bulletin Issue 1, 2002
12 July 2001
Rising HICP inflation since early 1999 has been accompanied by moderate changes in inflation dispersion across euro area countries
Economic Bulletin Issue 7, 2001
14 June 2001
Decomposing overall HICP developments since early 1999
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2001
17 May 2001
Recent unprocessed food price developments: the impact of BSE and foot-and-mouth disease
Economic Bulletin Issue 5, 2001
8 March 2001
Changes in the coverage and methods for computation of the Harmonised Index of Consumer
Economic Bulletin Issue 3, 2001
11 January 2001
Analysis of HICP developments based on seasonally adjusted data
Economic Bulletin Issue 1, 2001
21 December 2000
Inflation differentials within the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 12, 2000
21 December 2000
An analysis of price developments: The breakdown of the overall HICP into its main components
Economic Bulletin Issue 12, 2000
9 November 2000
Lessons to be drawn from the oil price shocks of the 1970s and early 1980s
Economic Bulletin Issue 11, 2000
21 September 2000
Trends in euro area services price developments
Economic Bulletin Issue 9, 2000
15 June 2000
Impact of import price developments on euro area consumer prices
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2000
9 March 2000
Measures of expected future price developments in the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 3, 2000
9 March 2000
Extended and further harmonised coverage of the HICP
Economic Bulletin Issue 3, 2000
9 December 1999
Recent developments in unprocessed food prices
Economic Bulletin Issue 12, 1999
16 September 1999
The effect of oil prices on the Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices (HICP)
Economic Bulletin Issue 9, 1999

Producer prices

11 May 2017
What can recent developments in producer prices tell us about pipeline pressures?
Economic Bulletin Issue 3, 2017
11 April 2013
Industrial producer prices for sales in domestic and non-domestic markets
Economic Bulletin Issue 4, 2013
9 October 2008
Trends in non-energy industrial goods prices
Economic Bulletin Issue 10, 2008
13 July 2006
Prices of industrial raw materials and producer price pressures in the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 7, 2006
9 June 2005
Developments in consumer goods producer prices
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2005
10 March 2005
PMI survey data on producer input and output prices
Economic Bulletin Issue 3, 2005
11 March 2004
Non-energy commodity price developments and their impact on euro are producer prices
Economic Bulletin Issue 3, 2004
20 September 2001
Recent declines in commodity prices easing upward pressures on producer prices
Economic Bulletin Issue 9, 2001

Property prices

22 December 2016
Assessing the impact of housing costs on HICP inflation
Economic Bulletin Issue 8, 2016
3 November 2016
Recent developments in euro area residential property prices
Economic Bulletin Issue 7, 2016
14 August 2014
House prices and the rent component of the HICP in the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 8, 2014
13 February 2014
Experimental indicators of commercial property prices
Economic Bulletin Issue 2, 2014
14 November 2013
Recent house price developments in the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 11, 2013
11 July 2013
Dwelling stock in the euro area - new data from the eurosystem household finance and consumption survey
Economic Bulletin Issue 7, 2013
9 May 2013
Recent house price developments in the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 5, 2013
15 November 2012
Recent house price developments in the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 11, 2012
10 May 2012
Recent house price developments in the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 5, 2012
10 November 2011
Recent house price developments in the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 11, 2011
14 April 2011
Recent housing market developments in the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 4, 2011
9 December 2010
Recent housing market developments in the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 12, 2010
9 September 2010
A comparison of trends in euro area commercial and residential property prices
Economic Bulletin Issue 9, 2010
12 August 2010
Euro area house prices and the rent component of the HICP
Economic Bulletin Issue 8, 2010
13 May 2010
Recent housing market developments in the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 5, 2010
11 February 2010
Recent housing market developments in the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 2, 2010
11 June 2009
Labour market adjustments during the current contraction of economic activity
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2009
11 June 2009
Recent housing market developments in the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2009
12 February 2009
Recent housing market developments in the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 2, 2009
10 July 2008
Recent housing market developments in the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 7, 2008
14 February 2008
Recent developments in euro area residential property prices
Economic Bulletin Issue 2, 2008
13 September 2007
House price developments in central and eastern European countries
Economic Bulletin Issue 9, 2007
1 May 2007
Recent developments in euro area residential property prices
Economic Bulletin Issue 5, 2007
15 June 2006
Recent trends in residential property prices in the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2006
12 May 2005
Recent trends in residential property prices in the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 5, 2005
9 September 2004
Recent trends in residential property prices in the euro area and across euro area countries
Economic Bulletin Issue 9, 2004
11 December 2003
Residential property price developments in the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 12, 2003
17 October 2002
Residential property prices in the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 10, 2002
18 October 2001
Preliminary evidence on developments in euro area residential property prices
Economic Bulletin Issue 10, 2001

Labour cost indicators

2 February 2017
Wage adjustment and employment in Europe: some results from the Wage Dynamics Network Survey
Economic Bulletin Issue 1, 2017
5 May 2016
Recent wage trends in the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 3, 2016
16 December 2015
Wages, productivity and competitiveness: a granular approach
Economic Bulletin Issue 8, 2015
16 December 2015
Downward wage rigidity and the role of structural reforms in the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 8, 2015
13 June 2013
Recent developments in hours worked per employee
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2013
17 January 2013
Recent developments in the wage drift in the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 1, 2013
15 March 2012
Labour market adjustment in the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 3, 2012
15 July 2010
New statistical series of hours worked, productivity and labour costs for the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 7, 2010
13 May 2010
Wage developments in the euro area and the United States during the recent economic downturn: a comparative analysis
Economic Bulletin Issue 5, 2010
1 June 2008
Recent developments in sectoral wage and labour costs in the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2008
15 May 2008
Wage indexation mechanisms in euro area countries
Economic Bulletin Issue 5, 2008
12 October 2006
Recent developments in euro area wage drift
Economic Bulletin Issue 10, 2006
12 April 2006
Latest developments in sectoral wages and labour costs in the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 4, 2006
8 September 2005
What can explain the differences in wage growth between market and non-market services?
Economic Bulletin Issue 9, 2005
14 July 2005
New series of hourly labour costs in the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 7, 2005
9 September 2004
Recent developments in unit labour costs and their implications for euro area inflation
Economic Bulletin Issue 9, 2004
12 June 2003
A comparison of the available labour cost indicators in the euro area: conceptual differences and their behaviour in the period 1999-2002
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2003
13 March 2003
Developments in compensation per employee and unit labour costs in the main euro area sectors
Economic Bulletin Issue 3, 2003
19 September 2002
Monitoring wage developments: an indicator of negotiated wages
Economic Bulletin Issue 9, 2002
8 February 2001
Recent developments in euro area labour cost indicators
Economic Bulletin Issue 2, 2001
14 October 1999
Monitoring wage and labour cost developments in the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 10, 1999

SPF

2 February 2017
What has been driving developments in professional forecasters’ inflation expectations?
Economic Bulletin Issue 1, 2017
13 November 2014
Results of the ECB survey of professional forecasters for the fourth quarter of 2014
Economic Bulletin Issue 11, 2014
14 August 2014
Results of the ECB Survey of Professional Forecasters for the third quarter of 2014
Economic Bulletin Issue 8, 2014
15 May 2014
Results of the ECB Survey of Professional Forecasters for the second quarter of 2014
Economic Bulletin Issue 5, 2014
13 February 2014
Results of the ECB Survey of Professional Forecasters for the first quarter of 2014
Economic Bulletin Issue 2, 2014
14 November 2013
Results of the ECB survey of professional forecasters for the fourth quarter of 2013
Economic Bulletin Issue 11, 2013
8 August 2013
Results of the ECB survey of professional forecasters for the third quarter of 2013
Economic Bulletin Issue 8, 2013
9 May 2013
Results of the ECB survey of professional forecasters for the second quarter of 2013
Economic Bulletin Issue 5, 2013
14 February 2013
Results of the ECB survey of professional forecasters for the first quarter of 2013
Economic Bulletin Issue 2, 2013
15 November 2012
Results of the ECB survey of professional forecasters for the fourth quarter of 2012
Economic Bulletin Issue 11, 2012
9 August 2012
Results of the ECB survey of professional forecasters for the third quarter of 2012
Economic Bulletin Issue 8, 2012
10 May 2012
Results of the ECB survey of professional forecasters for the second quarter of 2012
Economic Bulletin Issue 5, 2012
16 February 2012
Results of the ECB survey of professional forecasters for the first quarter of 2012
Economic Bulletin Issue 2, 2012
15 December 2011
Revisions to forecasts in the ECB survey of professional forecasters: end-2011 compared with end-2008
Economic Bulletin Issue 12, 2011
10 November 2011
Results of the ECB survey of professional forecasters for the fourth quarter of 2011
Economic Bulletin Issue 11, 2011
11 August 2011
Results of the ECB Survey of Professional Forecasters for the third quarter of 2011
Economic Bulletin Issue 8, 2011
12 May 2011
Results of the ECB Survey of Professional Forecasters for the second quarter of 2011
Economic Bulletin Issue 5, 2011
10 February 2011
Results of the ECB survey of professional forecasters for the first quarter of 2011
Economic Bulletin Issue 2, 2011
20 January 2011
The forecasting performance of expert surveys
Economic Bulletin Issue 1, 2011
11 November 2010
Results of the ECB Survey of Professional Forecasters for the fourth quarter of 2010
Economic Bulletin Issue 11, 2010
12 August 2010
Results of the ECB Survey of Professional Forecasters for the third quarter of 2010
Economic Bulletin Issue 8, 2010
13 May 2010
Results of the ECB Survey of Professional Forecasters for the second quarter of 2010
Economic Bulletin Issue 5, 2010
11 February 2010
Results of the ECB Survey of Professional Forecasters for the first quarter of 2010
Economic Bulletin Issue 2, 2010
12 November 2009
Results of the ECB Survey of Professional Forecasters for the fourth quarter of 2009
Economic Bulletin Issue 11, 2009
13 August 2009
Results of the ECB Survey of Professional Forecasters for the third quarter of 2009
Economic Bulletin Issue 8, 2009
14 May 2009
Results of the ECB Survey of Professional Forecasters for the second quarter of 2009
Economic Bulletin Issue 5, 2009
9 April 2009
How are forecasts in the ECB Survey of Professional Forecasters formed? Results of a special questionnaire
Economic Bulletin Issue 4, 2009
12 February 2009
Results of the ECB Survey of Professional Forecasters for the first quarter of 2009
Economic Bulletin Issue 2, 2009
13 November 2008
Results of the ECB Survey of Professional Forecasters for the fourth quarter of 2008
Economic Bulletin Issue 11, 2008
14 August 2008
Results of the ECB Survey of Professional Forecasters for the third quarter of 2008
Economic Bulletin Issue 8, 2008
15 May 2008
Results of the ECB Survey of Professional Forecasters for the second quarter of 2008
Economic Bulletin Issue 5, 2008
14 February 2008
Results of the ECB Survey of Professional Forecasters for the first quarter of 2008
Economic Bulletin Issue 2, 2008
13 December 2007
Measures of longer-term inflation expectations from the ECB Survey of Professional Forecasters: a more detailed analysis of recent developments
Economic Bulletin Issue 12, 2007
15 November 2007
Results of the ECB Survey of Professional Forecasters for the fourth quarter of 2007
Economic Bulletin Issue 11, 2007
9 August 2007
Results of the ECB Survey of Professional Forecasters for the third quarter of 2007
Economic Bulletin Issue 8, 2007
1 May 2007
Results of the ECB Survey of Professional Forecasters for the second quarter of 2007
Economic Bulletin Issue 5, 2007
15 February 2007
Results of the ECB Survey of Professional Forecasters for the first quarter of 2007
Economic Bulletin Issue 2, 2007
9 November 2006
Results of the ECB Survey of Professional Forecasters for the fourth quarter of 2006
Economic Bulletin Issue 11, 2006
10 August 2006
Results of the ECB Survey of Professional Forecasters for the third quarter of 2006
Economic Bulletin Issue 8, 2006
11 May 2006
Results of the ECB Survey of Professional Forecasters for the second quarter of 2006
Economic Bulletin Issue 5, 2006
9 February 2006
Private sector expectations for the euro area: results of the ECB survey of professional forecasters for the first quarter of 2006
Economic Bulletin Issue 2, 2006
10 November 2005
Private sector expectations for the euro area: results of the ECB Survey of Professional Forecasters for the fourth quarter of 2005
Economic Bulletin Issue 11, 2005
11 August 2005
Private sector expectations for the euro area: results of the Survey of Professional Forecasters for the third quarter of 2005
Economic Bulletin Issue 8, 2005
12 May 2005
Private sector expectations for the euro area: results of the Survey of Professional Forecasters for the second quarter of 2005
Economic Bulletin Issue 5, 2005
10 February 2005
Private sector expectations for inflation and economic activity in the euro area: results of the Survey of Professional Forecasters for the first quarter of 2005 and other available indicators
Economic Bulletin Issue 2, 2005
11 November 2004
Private sector expectations for inflation and economic activity in the euro area: results of the 2004 Q4 Survey of Professional Forecasters (SPF) and other available indicators
Economic Bulletin Issue 11, 2004
12 August 2004
Private sector expectations for inflation and economic activity in the euro area: results of the 2004 Q3 Survey of Professional Forecasters (SPF) and other available indicators
Economic Bulletin Issue 8, 2004
13 May 2004
Private sector expectations for inflation and economic activity in the euro area: results of the 2004 Q2 Survey of Professional Forecasters (SPF) and other available indicators
Economic Bulletin Issue 5, 2004
12 February 2004
Private sector expectations for inflation and economic activity in the euro area: results of the 2004 Q1 Survey of Professional Forecasters (SPF) and other available indicators
Economic Bulletin Issue 2, 2004
13 November 2003
Private sector expectations for inflation and economic activity in the euro area: results of the 2003 Q4 Survey of Professional Forecasters (SPF) and other available indicators
Economic Bulletin Issue 11, 2003
7 August 2003
Private sector expectations for inflation and economic activity in the euro area: the results of the 2003 Q3 Survey of Professional Forecasters (SPF) and other available indicators
Economic Bulletin Issue 8, 2003
15 May 2003
Private sector expectations for inflation and economic activity in the euro area: the results of the 2003 Q2 Survey of Professional Forecasters (SPF) and other available indicators
Economic Bulletin Issue 5, 2003
13 February 2003
Private sector expectations for inflation and economic activity in the euro area: the results of the 2003 Q1 Survey of Professional Forecasters and other available indicators
Economic Bulletin Issue 2, 2003
14 November 2002
Private sector expectations for inflation and economic activity in the euro area: results of the 2002 Q4 Survey of Professional Forecasters and other available indicators
Economic Bulletin Issue 11, 2002
8 August 2002
Private sector expectations for inflation and economic activity in the euro area: the results of the 2002 Q3 Survey of Professional Forecasters and other available indicators
Economic Bulletin Issue 8, 2002
9 May 2002
Private sector expectations for inflation and economic activity in the euro area: the results of the 2002 Q2 Survey of Professional Forecasters (SPF) and other available indicators
Economic Bulletin Issue 5, 2002
14 March 2002
The 2002 Q1 Survey of Professional Forecasters (SPF)
Economic Bulletin Issue 3, 2002
20 September 2001
The August 2001 Survey of Professional Forecasters (SPF)
Economic Bulletin Issue 9, 2001
8 March 2001
The February 2001 Survey of Professional Forecasters
Economic Bulletin Issue 3, 2001
11 January 2001
The survey of professional forecasters
Economic Bulletin Issue 1, 2001

Other

5 February 2015
Trends in profit margins of euro area non-financial corporations
Economic Bulletin Issue 1, 2015
14 April 2011
Methodological changes in the compilation of the HICP and their impact on recent data
Economic Bulletin Issue 4, 2011
Money and credit

Monetary aggregates

4 August 2016
Trends in the external financing structure of euro area non-financial corporations
Economic Bulletin Issue 5, 2016
5 November 2015
New data on loans to the private sector adjusted for sales and securitisation
Economic Bulletin Issue 7, 2015
28 April 2015
Broad money and lending in the United States during the implementation of the Federal Reserve's large-scale asset purchase programmes
Economic Bulletin Issue 3, 2015
12 June 2014
Recent developments in MFI loans to non-financial corporations, broken down by economic sector
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2014
14 November 2013
Recent developments in MFI loans to non-financial corporations, broken down by economic sector
Economic Bulletin Issue 11, 2013
10 October 2013
Stylised facts of money and credit over the business cycle
Economic Bulletin Issue 10, 2013
13 December 2012
Banks' funding conditions and the financing of non-financial private sectors in the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 12, 2012
11 October 2012
The impact of very low interest rates on monetary dynamics
Economic Bulletin Issue 10, 2012
13 September 2012
The adjustment of monetary statistics for repurchase agreement transactions with central counterparties
Economic Bulletin Issue 9, 2012
10 May 2012
The relationship between base money, broad money and risks to price stability
Economic Bulletin Issue 5, 2012
12 April 2012
Factors affecting lending to the private sector and the short-term outlook for money and loan dynamics
Economic Bulletin Issue 4, 2012
12 April 2012
New statistical definition of euro area money market funds
Economic Bulletin Issue 4, 2012
19 January 2012
Money growth and uncertainty
Economic Bulletin Issue 1, 2012
10 November 2011
Recent developments in MFI loans to non-financial corporations broken down by economic sector
Economic Bulletin Issue 11, 2011
15 September 2011
Driving forces behind recent money and loan dynamics
Economic Bulletin Issue 9, 2011
14 July 2011
The impact of loan sales and securitisation activity on recent developments in MFI loans to non-financial corporations and households
Economic Bulletin Issue 7, 2011
16 June 2011
Euro area broad money growth and the unwinding of accumulated liquidity
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2011
10 March 2011
Explaining the recent decoupling between growth in MFI loans for house purchase and consumer credit
Economic Bulletin Issue 3, 2011
10 March 2011
Permanent and temporary factors in broad money growth
Economic Bulletin Issue 3, 2011
10 February 2011
The Estonian MFI sector and its impact on monetary statistics for the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 2, 2011
20 January 2011
Revisiting the impact of asset transfers to “bad banks” on MFI credit to the euro area private sector
Economic Bulletin Issue 1, 2011
9 December 2010
The impact of the yield curve on recent developments in monetary aggregates
Economic Bulletin Issue 12, 2010
11 November 2010
The roles of various industries in recent developments in MFI loans to non-financial corporations
Economic Bulletin Issue 11, 2010
14 October 2010
Recent developments in euro area money market funds
Economic Bulletin Issue 10, 2010
9 September 2010
The role of inter-MFI transactions in recent MFI balance sheet developments
Economic Bulletin Issue 9, 2010
17 June 2010
Euro area money growth and the “Securities Markets Programme”
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2010
13 May 2010
Real estate developments in the euro area and their impact on loans to the private sector
Economic Bulletin Issue 5, 2010
15 April 2010
The international dimension of bank deleveraging
Economic Bulletin Issue 4, 2010
15 April 2010
Weak money growth: a review of past episodes
Economic Bulletin Issue 4, 2010
11 March 2010
The impact that "bad banks" have on MFI balance sheet statistics
Economic Bulletin Issue 3, 2010
21 January 2010
New statistics on euro area investment funds
Economic Bulletin Issue 1, 2010
10 December 2009
Developments in MFI loans to non-financial corporations by industry
Economic Bulletin Issue 12, 2009
10 December 2009
Recent developments in repurchase agreements
Economic Bulletin Issue 12, 2009
12 November 2009
The role of MFI external assets and liabilities in the recent deleveraging process
Economic Bulletin Issue 11, 2009
15 October 2009
Loans to the non-financial private sector over the business cycle in the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 10, 2009
10 September 2009
Recent developments in the short-term deposit holdings of euro area households
Economic Bulletin Issue 9, 2009
9 July 2009
Some considerations regarding the driving forces behind non-financial corporations' M3 deposit holding
Economic Bulletin Issue 7, 2009
11 June 2009
Recent developments in MFIs' purchases of debt securities issued by the euro area general government sector
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2009
9 April 2009
How are government measures supporting the financial system reflected on the balance sheets of euro area credit institutions?
Economic Bulletin Issue 4, 2009
12 February 2009
Publication of data on MFI loans to the private sector adjusted for sales and securitisation
Economic Bulletin Issue 2, 2009
12 February 2009
The Slovak MFI sector and its impact on monetary statistics for the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 2, 2009
22 January 2009
Tracking extraordinary portfolio shifts into money during the period of financial turmoil
Economic Bulletin Issue 1, 2009
11 December 2008
Recent developments in the balance sheets of euro area credit institutions
Economic Bulletin Issue 12, 2008
9 October 2008
The informational content of real M1 growth for real GDP growth in the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 10, 2008
11 September 2008
The impact of traditional true-sale securitisation on recent MFI loan developments
Economic Bulletin Issue 9, 2008
10 July 2008
A comparison of MFI loans as a source of household financing in the euro area, the United Kingdom and the United States
Economic Bulletin Issue 7, 2008
1 June 2008
Recent shifts between different categories of financial asset held by households
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2008
15 May 2008
Underlying monetary dynamics: concept and quantitative illustration
Economic Bulletin Issue 5, 2008
13 March 2008
The importance of accounting standards for interpreting MFI loan statistics
Economic Bulletin Issue 3, 2008
14 February 2008
Stylised facts about the MFI sectors of Cyprus and Malta and their impact on monetary data for the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 2, 2008
17 January 2008
Recent liquidity operations and their impact on monetary aggregates
Economic Bulletin Issue 1, 2008
13 December 2007
New estimates on holdings by sector for euro area M3
Economic Bulletin Issue 12, 2007
15 November 2007
The impact of the financial market turmoil on monetary and credit developments
Economic Bulletin Issue 11, 2007
11 October 2007
New euro area historical series on MFI loans to households and non-financial corporations
Economic Bulletin Issue 10, 2007
12 July 2007
Developments in MFI gross external assets and liabilities
Economic Bulletin Issue 7, 2007
14 June 2007
The cyclical pattern of loans to households and non-financial corporations in the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2007
1 May 2007
The sectoral breakdown of the private sector securities held by monetary financial institutions
Economic Bulletin Issue 5, 2007
19 April 2007
Recent changes in the composition of growth in credit to euro area residents
Economic Bulletin Issue 4, 2007
15 February 2007
Implications of the entry of Slovenia into the euro area for monetary statistics
Economic Bulletin Issue 2, 2007
18 January 2007
Factors underlying the strong acceleration of loans to euro area non-financial corporations
Economic Bulletin Issue 1, 2007
18 January 2007
Developments in short-term debt securities within M3
Economic Bulletin Issue 1, 2007
9 November 2006
Worldwide trends in monetary aggregates: some conceptual issues
Economic Bulletin Issue 11, 2006
7 September 2006
Sectoral money holdings and the information content of money with respect to inflation
Economic Bulletin Issue 9, 2006
10 August 2006
New euro area historical series on holdings of M3 deposits by sector
Economic Bulletin Issue 8, 2006
13 July 2006
Recent developments in MFI longer-term financial liabilities
Economic Bulletin Issue 7, 2006
15 June 2006
Nature and developments in write-offs/write-downs of household loans in the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2006
15 June 2006
Inflation forecasts derived from monetary indicators
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2006
11 May 2006
Longer-term developments in loans to the private sector
Economic Bulletin Issue 5, 2006
12 April 2006
Factors explaining the robust growth of M1
Economic Bulletin Issue 4, 2006
9 March 2006
Development and nature of non-MFI loans to households
Economic Bulletin Issue 3, 2006
9 March 2006
The resumption of the unwinding of portfolio shifts in the fourth quarter of 2005
Economic Bulletin Issue 3, 2006
8 September 2005
The impact of MFI loan securitisation on monetary analysis in the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 9, 2005
14 July 2005
Recent developments in MFI net external assets
Economic Bulletin Issue 7, 2005
9 June 2005
The recovery in the growth of short-term MFI loans to non-financial corporations in recent quarters
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2005
10 March 2005
Inflation forecasts derived from monetary indicators
Economic Bulletin Issue 3, 2005
10 February 2005
External capital flows and domestic monetary dynamics in the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 2, 2005
20 January 2005
Approaches to identifying and estimating portfolio shifts into and out of M3
Economic Bulletin Issue 1, 2005
9 December 2004
Risk aversion and developments in monetary aggregates
Economic Bulletin Issue 12, 2004
9 September 2004
The link between asset prices and monetary developments
Economic Bulletin Issue 9, 2004
8 July 2004
Recent trends in portfolio allocation between monetary and longer-term financial assets
Economic Bulletin Issue 7, 2004
10 June 2004
Recent developments in loans to non-financial corporations
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2004
11 March 2004
Development in banks' loan-loss provisions over recent years
Economic Bulletin Issue 3, 2004
22 January 2004
Worldwide trends in monetary aggregates over recent years
Economic Bulletin Issue 1, 2004
9 October 2003
What could happen with the accumulated excess liquidity in the euro area?
Economic Bulletin Issue 10, 2003
11 September 2003
Enhancement to euro area monetary statistics
Economic Bulletin Issue 9, 2003
12 June 2003
Monetary presentation of the euro area balance of payments
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2003
15 May 2003
Estimating the size of portfolio shifts from equity to money
Economic Bulletin Issue 5, 2003
12 December 2002
Annual review of the reference value for monetary growth
Economic Bulletin Issue 12, 2002
14 November 2002
Trends in loans to the private sector and their fundamental determinants
Economic Bulletin Issue 11, 2002
14 March 2002
Developments in the relative shares of the components of M3 between 1980 and 2001
Economic Bulletin Issue 3, 2002
24 January 2002
Developments in M3 and its counterparts
Economic Bulletin Issue 1, 2002
13 December 2001
Annual review of the reference value for monetary growth
Economic Bulletin Issue 12, 2001
15 November 2001
Adjustment of M3 for holdings of negotiable instruments by non-residents of the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 11, 2001
20 September 2001
Implications of the cash changeover for currency in circulation and monetary aggregates in the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 9, 2001
14 June 2001
Factors explaining the development of loans to the private sector
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2001
14 June 2001
Estimates of the nominal and real money gap in the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2001
17 May 2001
Measurement issues related to the inclusion of negotiable instruments in euro area M3
Economic Bulletin Issue 5, 2001
8 February 2001
The derivation and use of flow data in monetary statistics
Economic Bulletin Issue 2, 2001
21 December 2000
Annual review of the reference value for monetary growth
Economic Bulletin Issue 12, 2000
21 September 2000
Implications of the UMTS auctions for monetary and financial developments
Economic Bulletin Issue 9, 2000
15 June 2000
Developments in the sectoral breakdown of MFI loans in the first quarter of 2000
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2000
10 February 2000
The influence of base effects on annual monetary growth rates
Economic Bulletin Issue 2, 2000
13 January 2000
The structure of MFI loans to the non-financial sector in the third quarter of 1999
Economic Bulletin Issue 1, 2000
9 December 1999
The review of the reference value for monetary growth
Economic Bulletin Issue 12, 1999
14 October 1999
MFI loans to the non-financial private sector broken down by sector, type and original maturity
Economic Bulletin Issue 10, 1999
13 July 1999
Currency composition of certain assets and liabilities of euro area MFIs
Economic Bulletin Issue 7, 1999
20 April 1999
The structure of loans to the non-financial private sector as at end-1998
Economic Bulletin Issue 4, 1999
20 April 1999
The use of flows statistics in the analysis of monetary data
Economic Bulletin Issue 4, 1999
19 January 1999
The changeover to the euro
Economic Bulletin Issue 1, 1999
19 January 1999
Definitions of monetary aggregates for the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 1, 1999

MFI interest rates

28 July 2015
The impact of negative short-term rates on the money market fund industry
Economic Bulletin Issue 5, 2015
9 October 2014
The targeted longer-term refinancing operation of September 2014
Economic Bulletin Issue 10, 2014
13 February 2014
The Latvian MFI sector and its impact on monetary statistics for the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 2, 2014
15 November 2012
Cross-country heterogeneity in MFI interest rates on loans to non-financial corporations in the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 11, 2012
13 October 2011
TARGET2 balances of national central banks in the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 10, 2011
9 July 2009
A comparison of recent developments in euro area and US bank interest rates
Economic Bulletin Issue 7, 2009
22 January 2009
Loan-deposit margins in the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 1, 2009
11 December 2008
The implications of the money market tensions for the pass-through of MFI interest rates
Economic Bulletin Issue 12, 2008
14 August 2008
Linkages between developments in MFI net external assets and other counterparts of M3
Economic Bulletin Issue 8, 2008
12 July 2007
Recent developments in the retail bank interest rate pass-through in the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 7, 2007
15 March 2007
Changes in bank lending rates and new housing loans in the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 3, 2007
10 March 2005
The pass-through of market interest rates to MFI lending rates since the start of Stage Three of EMU
Economic Bulletin Issue 3, 2005
12 August 2004
Analysing MFI interest rates at the euro area level
Economic Bulletin Issue 8, 2004
11 December 2003
New ECB statistics on MFI interest rates
Economic Bulletin Issue 12, 2003
14 June 2001
The relationship between retail bank interest rates and market interest rates
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2001

Securities issuance

4 August 2016
Trends in the external financing structure of euro area non-financial corporations
Economic Bulletin Issue 5, 2016
10 April 2014
Recent developments in debt securities issued by non-financial corporations in the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 4, 2014
15 March 2012
Developments in the issuance and yield spreads of euro area government debt securities
Economic Bulletin Issue 3, 2012
12 August 2010
The funding of euro area MFIs through the issuance of debt securities
Economic Bulletin Issue 8, 2010
19 April 2007
Long-term debt securities issuance by MFIs since the early 1990s
Economic Bulletin Issue 4, 2007
11 August 2005
Seasonal adjustment of securities issues statistics
Economic Bulletin Issue 8, 2005
10 February 2005
Fixed rate and variable rate long-term debt securities issued by euro area residents
Economic Bulletin Issue 2, 2005
22 January 2004
New ECB statistics on quoted share transactions
Economic Bulletin Issue 1, 2004
23 January 2003
Recent improvements in securities issues statistics
Economic Bulletin Issue 1, 2003
20 April 2000
Breakdown of MFI deposit liabilities by sector and instrument type as at the end of 1999
Economic Bulletin Issue 4, 2000
10 February 2000
Euro-denominated debt securities by issuing sector
Economic Bulletin Issue 2, 2000
11 November 1999
New securities issues statistics
Economic Bulletin Issue 11, 1999

Euro area accounts/Financial accounts

11 December 2014
Recent developments in the financial account of the euro area balance of payments
Economic Bulletin Issue 12, 2014
13 November 2014
Integrated euro area accounts for the second quarter of 2014
Economic Bulletin Issue 11, 2014
1 September 2014
Recent developments in the financial account of the euro area balance of payments
Economic Bulletin Issue 9, 2014
14 August 2014
Integrated euro area accounts for the first quarter of 2014
Economic Bulletin Issue 8, 2014
12 June 2014
Recent developments in the financial account of the euro area balance of payments
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2014
15 May 2014
Integrated euro area accounts for the fourth quarter of 2013
Economic Bulletin Issue 5, 2014
13 March 2014
Recent developments in the financial account of the euro area balance of payments
Economic Bulletin Issue 3, 2014
13 February 2014
Integrated euro area accounts for the third quarter of 2013
Economic Bulletin Issue 2, 2014
13 February 2014
Current account adjustment in the EU Member States of central and eastern Europe
Economic Bulletin Issue 2, 2014
12 December 2013
Sectoral contributions to rebalancing within the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 12, 2013
12 December 2013
Recent developments in the financial account of the euro area balance of payments
Economic Bulletin Issue 12, 2013
14 November 2013
Integrated euro area accounts for the second quarter of 2013
Economic Bulletin Issue 11, 2013
1 September 2013
Recent developments in the income account of selected euro area countries
Economic Bulletin Issue 9, 2013
1 September 2013
Recent developments in the financial account of the euro area balance of payments
Economic Bulletin Issue 9, 2013
8 August 2013
Integrated euro area accounts for the first quarter of 2013
Economic Bulletin Issue 8, 2013
13 June 2013
Recent developments in the financial account of the euro area balance of payments
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2013
9 May 2013
Integrated euro area accounts for the fourth quarter of 2012
Economic Bulletin Issue 5, 2013
11 April 2013
Net foreign liabilities in selected euro area countries
Economic Bulletin Issue 4, 2013
14 March 2013
Recent developments in the financial account of the euro area balance of payments
Economic Bulletin Issue 3, 2013
14 February 2013
Integrated euro area accounts for the third quarter of 2012
Economic Bulletin Issue 2, 2013
17 January 2013
How income payments, current transfers and the oil balance hamper current account adjustment
Economic Bulletin Issue 1, 2013
13 December 2012
Developments in the financial account of the euro area balance of payments until September 2012
Economic Bulletin Issue 12, 2012
15 November 2012
Integrated euro area accounts for the second quarter of 2012
Economic Bulletin Issue 11, 2012
13 September 2012
Developments in the financial account of the euro area balance of payments until June 2012
Economic Bulletin Issue 9, 2012
9 August 2012
Integrated euro area accounts for the first quarter of 2012
Economic Bulletin Issue 8, 2012
14 June 2012
Developments in the financial account of the euro area balance of payments until March 2012
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2012
14 June 2012
Recent developments in international reserve holdings of central and eastern European non-euro area EU countries
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2012
10 May 2012
Integrated euro area accounts for the fourth quarter of 2011
Economic Bulletin Issue 5, 2012
15 March 2012
Recent developments in the financial account of the euro area balance of payments
Economic Bulletin Issue 3, 2012
16 February 2012
Integrated euro area accounts for the third quarter of 2011
Economic Bulletin Issue 2, 2012
16 February 2012
A sectoral account perspective of imbalances in the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 2, 2012
15 December 2011
Recent developments in the financial account of the euro area balance of payments
Economic Bulletin Issue 12, 2011
10 November 2011
Integrated euro area accounts for the second quarter of 2011
Economic Bulletin Issue 11, 2011
15 September 2011
Recent developments in the financial account of the euro area balance of payments
Economic Bulletin Issue 9, 2011
11 August 2011
Integrated euro area accounts for the first quarter of 2011
Economic Bulletin Issue 8, 2011
12 May 2011
Integrated euro area accounts for the fourth quarter of 2010
Economic Bulletin Issue 5, 2011
10 February 2011
Integrated euro area accounts for the third quarter of 2010
Economic Bulletin Issue 2, 2011
11 November 2010
Integrated euro area accounts for the second quarter of 2010
Economic Bulletin Issue 11, 2010
12 August 2010
Integrated euro area accounts for the first quarter of 2010
Economic Bulletin Issue 8, 2010
17 June 2010
Financial turmoil and euro area cross-border financial flows
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2010
13 May 2010
Recent developments in the gross external debt of the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 5, 2010
13 May 2010
Integrated euro area accounts for the fourth quarter of 2009
Economic Bulletin Issue 5, 2010
15 April 2010
The international dimension of bank deleveraging
Economic Bulletin Issue 4, 2010
11 February 2010
Integrated euro area accounts for the third quarter of 2009
Economic Bulletin Issue 2, 2010
12 November 2009
Integrated euro area accounts for the second quarter of 2009
Economic Bulletin Issue 11, 2009
13 August 2009
Integrated euro area accounts for the first quarter of 2009
Economic Bulletin Issue 8, 2009
14 May 2009
Integrated euro area accounts for the fourth quarter of 2008
Economic Bulletin Issue 5, 2009
17 October 2002
Developments in net financial flows between the euro area and the United States
Economic Bulletin Issue 10, 2002
8 August 2002
Merger and acquisition activity and the composition of the financial account of the euro area balance of payments
Economic Bulletin Issue 8, 2002

BLS and Survey on SMEs

13 November 2014
Survey on the access to finance of enterprises in the euro area: April to September 2014
Economic Bulletin Issue 11, 2014
13 November 2014
The results of the euro area bank lending survey for the third quarter of 2014
Economic Bulletin Issue 11, 2014
14 August 2014
The results of the euro area bank lending survey for the second quarter of 2014
Economic Bulletin Issue 8, 2014
15 May 2014
Survey on the access to finance of small and medium-sized enterprises in the euro area: October 2013 to March 2014
Economic Bulletin Issue 5, 2014
15 May 2014
The results of the euro area bank lending survey for the first quarter of 2014
Economic Bulletin Issue 5, 2014
13 February 2014
The results of the euro area bank lending survey for the fourth quarter of 2013
Economic Bulletin Issue 2, 2014
14 November 2013
Survey on the access to finance of small and medium-sized enterprises in the euro area: April to September 2013
Economic Bulletin Issue 11, 2013
14 November 2013
The results of the euro area bank lending survey for the third quarter of 2013
Economic Bulletin Issue 11, 2013
8 August 2013
The results of the euro area bank lending survey for the second quarter of 2013
Economic Bulletin Issue 8, 2013
8 August 2013
The perceived external financing gap indicator for small and medium-sized enterprises in the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 8, 2013
11 July 2013
Small and medium-sized enterprises in the euro area: economic importance and financing conditions
Economic Bulletin Issue 7, 2013
9 May 2013
Survey on the access to finance of small and medium-sized enterprises in the euro area: October 2012 to March 2013
Economic Bulletin Issue 5, 2013
9 May 2013
The results of the euro area bank lending survey for the first quarter of 2013
Economic Bulletin Issue 5, 2013
14 February 2013
The results of the euro area bank lending survey for the fourth quarter of 2012
Economic Bulletin Issue 2, 2013
15 November 2012
Survey on the access to finance of small and medium-sized enterprises in the euro area: April to September 2012
Economic Bulletin Issue 11, 2012
15 November 2012
The results of the euro area bank lending survey for the third quarter of 2012
Economic Bulletin Issue 11, 2012
9 August 2012
The results of the euro area bank lending survey for the second quarter of 2012
Economic Bulletin Issue 8, 2012
10 May 2012
The results of the "Survey on the access to finance of small and medium-sized enterprises in the euro area: October 2011 to March 2012"
Economic Bulletin Issue 5, 2012
10 May 2012
The results of the euro area bank lending survey for the first quarter of 2012
Economic Bulletin Issue 5, 2012
16 February 2012
The results of the euro area bank lending survey for the fourth quarter of 2011
Economic Bulletin Issue 2, 2012
15 December 2011
The results of the "Survey on the access to finance of small and medium-sized enterprises in the euro area"
Economic Bulletin Issue 12, 2011
13 October 2011
The results of the euro area bank lending survey for the third quarter of 2011
Economic Bulletin Issue 10, 2011
11 August 2011
The results of the July 2011 bank lending survey for the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 8, 2011
12 May 2011
The results of the "Survey on the access to finance of small and medium-sized enterprises in the euro area"
Economic Bulletin Issue 5, 2011
12 May 2011
The results of the April 2011 bank lending survey for the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 5, 2011
10 February 2011
The results of the January 2011 bank lending survey for the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 2, 2011
11 November 2010
The results of the “Survey on the access to finance of small and medium-sized enterprises in the euro area”
Economic Bulletin Issue 11, 2010
11 November 2010
The results of the October 2010 bank lending survey for the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 11, 2010
12 August 2010
The results of the July 2010 bank lending survey for the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 8, 2010
13 May 2010
The results of the April 2010 bank lending survey for the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 5, 2010
11 March 2010
The results of the "Survey on the access to finance of small and medium-sized enterprises in the euro area: second half of 2009"
Economic Bulletin Issue 3, 2010
11 February 2010
The results of the January 2010 bank lending survey for the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 2, 2010
12 November 2009
The results of the October 2009 bank lending survey for the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 11, 2009
15 October 2009
The results of the first round of the "Survey on the access to finance of small and medium-sized enterprises in the euro area"
Economic Bulletin Issue 10, 2009
13 August 2009
The results of the July 2009 bank lending survey for the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 8, 2009
14 May 2009
The results of the April 2009 bank lending survey for the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 5, 2009
12 February 2009
The results of the January 2009 bank lending survey for the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 2, 2009
13 November 2008
The results of the October 2008 bank lending survey for the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 11, 2008
14 August 2008
The results of the July 2008 bank lending survey for the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 8, 2008
15 May 2008
The results of the April 2008 bank lending survey for the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 5, 2008
14 February 2008
The results of the January 2008 bank lending survey for the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 2, 2008
13 December 2007
Evidence of the impact of recent financial market tensions, as revealed by bank lending surveys in major industrialised economies
Economic Bulletin Issue 12, 2007
11 October 2007
The results of the October 2007 bank lending survey for the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 10, 2007
9 August 2007
The results of the July 2007 bank lending survey for the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 8, 2007
1 May 2007
The results of the April 2007 bank lending survey for the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 5, 2007
15 February 2007
The results of the January 2007 bank lending survey for the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 2, 2007
9 November 2006
The results of the October 2006 bank lending survey for the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 11, 2006
10 August 2006
The results of the July 2006 bank lending survey for the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 8, 2006
11 May 2006
The results of the April 2006 bank lending survey for the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 5, 2006
9 February 2006
The results of the January 2006 bank lending survey for the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 2, 2006
10 November 2005
The results of the October 2005 bank lending survey for the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 11, 2005
11 August 2005
The results of the July 2005 bank lending survey for the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 8, 2005
12 May 2005
The results of the April 2005 bank lending survey for the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 5, 2005
10 February 2005
The results of the January 2005 bank lending survey for the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 2, 2005
11 November 2004
The results of the October 2004 bank lending survey for the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 11, 2004
12 August 2004
The results of the July 2004 bank lending survey for the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 8, 2004
13 May 2004
The results of the April 2004 bank lending survey for the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 5, 2004
12 February 2004
The result of the January 2004 bank lending survey for the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 2, 2004
13 November 2003
The results of the October 2003 bank lending survey for the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 11, 2003
7 August 2003
The result of the July 2003 bank lending survey for the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 8, 2003
15 May 2003
First results of the bank lending survey for the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 5, 2003

Other

22 June 2017
Private sector indebtedness and deleveraging in the euro area countries
Economic Bulletin Issue 4, 2017
11 May 2017
The ECB’s asset purchase programme and TARGET balances: monetary policy implementation and beyond
Economic Bulletin Issue 3, 2017
8 May 2017
The targeted longer-term refinancing operations: an overview of the take-up and their impact on bank intermediation
Economic Bulletin Issue 3, 2017
23 March 2017
New euro area statistics on insurance corporations
Economic Bulletin Issue 2, 2017
2 November 2016
TARGET balances and the asset purchase programme
Economic Bulletin Issue 7, 2016
5 May 2016
The second series of targeted longer-term refinancing operations (TLTRO II)
Economic Bulletin Issue 3, 2016
2 May 2016
Rebalancing in euro area portfolio investment flows
Economic Bulletin Issue 3, 2016
17 June 2015
Non-bank financing for euro area NFCs during the crisis
Economic Bulletin Issue 4, 2015
10 April 2014
Eurosystem Credit Assessment Framework for monetary policy operations
Economic Bulletin Issue 4, 2014
13 March 2014
Debt of non-financial corporations: consolidated and non-consolidated measures
Economic Bulletin Issue 3, 2014
1 January 2014
Developments in the international investment position of the euro area since the outbreak of the financial crisis
Economic Bulletin Issue 3, 2014
10 October 2013
Review of the risk control framework
Economic Bulletin Issue 10, 2013
1 September 2013
ECB monetary policy during the financial crisis and asset price developments
Economic Bulletin Issue 9, 2013
1 September 2013
Reactivating the European ABS market: challenges and possible remedies
Economic Bulletin Issue 9, 2013
1 September 2013
Central bank balance sheet expansion and financial strength in crisis times: the case of the eurosystem
Economic Bulletin Issue 9, 2013
8 August 2013
The perceived external financing gap indicator for small and medium-sized enterprises in the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 8, 2013
11 July 2013
Small and medium-sized enterprises in the euro area: economic importance and financing conditions
Economic Bulletin Issue 7, 2013
11 July 2013
Early repayments of funds raised through three-year longer-term refinancing operations: developments since February 2013
Economic Bulletin Issue 7, 2013
11 July 2013
The governing council's forward guidance on the key ECB interest rates
Economic Bulletin Issue 7, 2013
11 April 2013
Net foreign liabilities in selected euro area countries
Economic Bulletin Issue 4, 2013
11 October 2012
Compliance of outright monetary transactions with the prohibition on monetary financing
Economic Bulletin Issue 10, 2012
13 September 2012
Monetary policy measures decided by the Governing Council on 6 September 2012
Economic Bulletin Issue 9, 2012
16 February 2012
Implementation of new collateral rules and reserve requirements
Economic Bulletin Issue 2, 2012
19 January 2012
Recent improvement in the euro area's international investment position
Economic Bulletin Issue 1, 2012
15 December 2011
Additional non-standard monetary policy measures decided by the governing council on 8 December 2011
Economic Bulletin Issue 12, 2011
15 September 2011
Financial markets in early August 2011 and the ECB's monetary policy measures
Economic Bulletin Issue 9, 2011
15 September 2011
The Eurosystem's balance sheet in times of financial market tension
Economic Bulletin Issue 9, 2011
14 April 2011
The use of trade credit by euro area non-financial corporations
Economic Bulletin Issue 4, 2011
10 February 2011
Developments in the international investment position of the euro area in 2008 and 2009
Economic Bulletin Issue 2, 2011
12 August 2010
An assessment of the capital shortfall revealed in the EU-wide stress-testing exercise
Economic Bulletin Issue 8, 2010
17 June 2010
Developments in financial markets in early May
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2010
15 April 2010
Money markets' reaction to announcements regarding the phasing-out of non-standard measures
Economic Bulletin Issue 4, 2010
10 December 2009
Methodological changes in the compilation of the euro area balance of payments and international investment position
Economic Bulletin Issue 12, 2009
13 August 2009
Institutional differences between mortgage markets in the euro area and the United States
Economic Bulletin Issue 8, 2009
9 July 2009
Changes in the euro area international investment position in 2008
Economic Bulletin Issue 7, 2009
11 June 2009
External financing of non-financial corporations in the euro area and the United States
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2009
9 April 2009
Financial integration in Europe: main findings of the 2009 report
Economic Bulletin Issue 4, 2009
11 September 2008
Developments in listed non-financial corporations' internal funds
Economic Bulletin Issue 9, 2008
11 September 2008
Impact of transactions and valuation effects on the value of euro area investment funds
Economic Bulletin Issue 9, 2008
13 March 2008
The determinants of non-financial corporations' cash holdings: a microeconomic analysis
Economic Bulletin Issue 3, 2008
13 March 2008
Aggregating world GDP - the role of exchange rates
Economic Bulletin Issue 3, 2008
17 January 2008
Recent developments in the international investment position of the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 1, 2008
15 November 2007
Impact of the credit market tensions on LBO activity
Economic Bulletin Issue 11, 2007
13 September 2007
Recent developments in non-financial corporations' leverage ratios
Economic Bulletin Issue 9, 2007
14 June 2007
Financial statement information on listed non-financial corporations
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2007
14 June 2007
Investments in mixed funds: nature and motivations
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2007
15 February 2007
The introduction of harmonised competitiveness indicators for euro area countries
Economic Bulletin Issue 2, 2007
18 January 2007
Explaining changes in the net international investment position of the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 1, 2007
14 December 2006
Estimates of housing wealth for households in the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 12, 2006
14 December 2006
Recent trends in leveraged buyout transactions in the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 12, 2006
14 December 2006
Household investment in insurance corporations and pension funds
Economic Bulletin Issue 12, 2006
9 November 2006
The outlook for corporate credit spreads in the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 11, 2006
7 September 2006
Why have listed non-financial corporations in the euro area increased their cash holdings over the last three years?
Economic Bulletin Issue 9, 2006
13 July 2006
Recent trends in merger and acquisition activity in the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 7, 2006
15 June 2006
Profitability and leverage developments of listed non-financial corporations in the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2006
8 December 2005
The debt servicing burden of euro area households - some macroeconomic and microeconomic evidence
Economic Bulletin Issue 12, 2005
8 December 2005
Saving, financing and investment of euro area households and non-financial corporations in 2004
Economic Bulletin Issue 12, 2005
13 October 2005
Recent developments in FDI in the new EU Member States in central Europe
Economic Bulletin Issue 10, 2005
9 June 2005
The intermediation role of insurance corporations and pension funds and its impact on monetary developments
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2005
12 May 2005
Developments in the international investment position of the euro area in 2003
Economic Bulletin Issue 5, 2005
10 March 2005
Trends in household debt and non-performing loans in the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 3, 2005
10 March 2005
A measure of the real cost of external financing of euro area non-financial corporations
Economic Bulletin Issue 3, 2005
9 December 2004
Financing conditions of non-financial corporations in the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 12, 2004
9 December 2004
Saving, financing and investment of euro area households and non-financial corporations in 2003
Economic Bulletin Issue 12, 2004
11 November 2004
Features of mortgage contracts in the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 11, 2004
10 June 2004
Recent developments in the net flows into euro area equity and bond funds
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2004
11 December 2003
Recent trends in merger and acquisition finance
Economic Bulletin Issue 12, 2003
9 October 2003
The relationship between intermediated and debt securities financing of the non-financial corporations in the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 10, 2003
12 June 2003
The impact of financial factors of corporate investment in the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2003
13 March 2003
Financing and financial investment of insurance corporations and pension funds in the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 3, 2003
13 March 2003
Financial investment of the non-financial sectors in the euro area up to the third quarter of 2002
Economic Bulletin Issue 3, 2003
23 January 2003
New ECB statistics on euro area investment funds
Economic Bulletin Issue 1, 2003
12 December 2002
Enhanced compilation of the euro area international investment position statistics for the 1999-2001 period
Economic Bulletin Issue 12, 2002
12 December 2002
Financial investment of the non-financial sectors in the euro area in the second quarter of 2002
Economic Bulletin Issue 12, 2002
19 September 2002
Financial investment of the non-financial sectors in the euro area in the first quarter of 2002
Economic Bulletin Issue 9, 2002
13 June 2002
Financing and financial investment of the non-financial sectors in the euro area up to the end of 2001
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2002
14 March 2002
Financing and financial investment of the non-financial sectors in the euro area up to the third quarter of 2001
Economic Bulletin Issue 3, 2002
13 December 2001
Financing and financial investment of the non-financial sectors in the euro area during the first quarter of 2001
Economic Bulletin Issue 12, 2001
20 September 2001
Financing and investment of the non-financial sectors of the euro area in 2000
Economic Bulletin Issue 9, 2001
9 August 2001
Seasonal adjustment of the current account
Economic Bulletin Issue 8, 2001
14 June 2001
Quarterly Table on Financing and Investment (TFI) of non-financial sectors in the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2001
19 April 2001
Euro area balance of payments: the impact of the enlargement of the euro area in 2001 to include Greece
Economic Bulletin Issue 4, 2001
20 April 2000
Change in methodology for compiling portfolio investment income
Economic Bulletin Issue 4, 2000
9 December 1999
International investment position of the euro area: methodological note
Economic Bulletin Issue 12, 1999
18 May 1999
The balance of payments of the euro area and international reserves of the Eurosystem: methodological issues
Economic Bulletin Issue 5, 1999
16 February 1999
The introduction of the TARGET system
Economic Bulletin Issue 2, 1999
19 January 1999
The balance of payments for the euro area: methodological issues
Economic Bulletin Issue 1, 1999
Fiscal developments
22 June 2017
The fiscal compact: the Commission’s review and the way forward
Economic Bulletin Issue 4, 2017
22 June 2017
Country-specific recommendations for fiscal policies under the 2017 European Semester
Economic Bulletin Issue 4, 2017
23 March 2017
Conceptual issues surrounding the measurement of fiscal space
Economic Bulletin Issue 2, 2017
20 March 2017
The 2017 macroeconomic imbalance procedure and implementation of the 2016 country-specific recommendations
Economic Bulletin Issue 2, 2017
22 December 2016
Review of draft budgetary plans for 2017 and the budgetary situation for the euro area as a whole
Economic Bulletin Issue 8, 2016
16 June 2016
Country-specific recommendations for fiscal policies under the 2016 European Semester
Economic Bulletin Issue 4, 2016
24 March 2016
The 2016 macroeconomic imbalance procedure and the implementation of the 2015 country-specific recommendations
Economic Bulletin Issue 2, 2016
17 December 2015
Review of draft budgetary plans for 2016
Economic Bulletin Issue 8, 2015
17 December 2015
The creation of competitiveness boards in the context of striving towards a genuine economic union
Economic Bulletin Issue 8, 2015
5 November 2015
The creation of a European Fiscal Board
Economic Bulletin Issue 7, 2015
17 September 2015
Country-specific recommendations for fiscal policies under the 2015 European Semester
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2015
18 June 2015
The effectiveness of the medium-term budgetary objective as an anchor of fiscal policies
Economic Bulletin Issue 4, 2015
18 June 2015
The 2015 Ageing Report: how costly will ageing in Europe be?
Economic Bulletin Issue 4, 2015
19 March 2015
Follow-up to the review of draft budgetary plans for 2015
Economic Bulletin Issue 2, 2015
5 February 2015
Flexibility within the Stability and Growth Pact
Economic Bulletin Issue 1, 2015
11 December 2014
The review of draft budgetary plans for 2015
Economic Bulletin Issue 12, 2014
11 December 2014
New statistical indicators on government debt securities and their use in fiscal analysis and surveillance
Economic Bulletin Issue 12, 2014
1 September 2014
Country-specific recommendations for fiscal policies under the 2014 European Semester
Economic Bulletin Issue 9, 2014
1 September 2014
The structural balance as an indicator of the underlying fiscal position
Economic Bulletin Issue 9, 2014
12 June 2014
Fiscal councils in EU countries
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2014
13 March 2014
Key challenges for the surveillance of economic and fiscal policies under the 2014 European Semester
Economic Bulletin Issue 3, 2014
12 December 2013
Fiscal consolidation in the euro area: past progress and plans for 2014
Economic Bulletin Issue 12, 2013
13 June 2013
The fiscal implications of financial sector support
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2013
9 May 2013
The 2013 macroeconomic imbalance procedure
Economic Bulletin Issue 5, 2013
11 April 2013
The "two-pack" regulations to strengthen economic governance in the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 4, 2013
14 March 2013
Growth effects of high government debt
Economic Bulletin Issue 3, 2013
13 December 2012
The role of fiscal multipliers in the current consolidation debate
Economic Bulletin Issue 12, 2012
13 September 2012
The sustainability of government debt in Spain and Italy
Economic Bulletin Issue 9, 2012
12 July 2012
Fiscal challenges from population ageing: new evidence for the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 7, 2012
15 March 2012
Cyclical adjustment of the government budget balance
Economic Bulletin Issue 3, 2012
15 March 2012
Main elements of the fiscal compact
Economic Bulletin Issue 3, 2012
15 March 2012
Government debt projections in Portugal
Economic Bulletin Issue 3, 2012
15 December 2011
Fiscal devaluation - a tool for economic adjustment
Economic Bulletin Issue 12, 2011
15 December 2011
Stronger EU economic governance framework comes into force
Economic Bulletin Issue 12, 2011
15 September 2011
Financial markets in early August 2011 and the ECB's monetary policy measures
Economic Bulletin Issue 9, 2011
15 September 2011
The Eurosystem's balance sheet in times of financial market tension
Economic Bulletin Issue 9, 2011
14 July 2011
Analysis of government debt sustainability under the EU/IMF adjustment programme for Greece
Economic Bulletin Issue 7, 2011
16 June 2011
The impact of the global financial and economic crisis on public finances in central and eastern
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2011
16 June 2011
Past experience of EU countries with sustaining large primary budget surpluses
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2011
10 March 2011
Government debt dynamics and primary budget balance developments in the EU Member States
Economic Bulletin Issue 3, 2011
9 December 2010
Recent developments in EU financial stability arrangements
Economic Bulletin Issue 12, 2010
9 September 2010
Fiscal anchoring amid uncertainty
Economic Bulletin Issue 9, 2010
17 June 2010
Gross government debt and government financial assets in the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2010
17 June 2010
Fiscal consolidations: past experience, costs and benefits
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2010
13 May 2010
The Greek economic and financial adjustment programme
Economic Bulletin Issue 5, 2010
13 May 2010
The size and composition of government borrowing in the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 5, 2010
11 March 2010
Fiscal sustainability challenges in the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 3, 2010
10 December 2009
The European Commission's 2009 Sustainability Report
Economic Bulletin Issue 12, 2009
10 September 2009
Experience with government debt reduction in euro area countries
Economic Bulletin Issue 9, 2009
10 September 2009
Domestic fiscal rules and institutions as a complement to the EU fiscal framework
Economic Bulletin Issue 9, 2009
11 June 2009
The 2009 Ageing Report: updated projections for age-related public expenditure
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2009
9 April 2009
Structural policy priorities for the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 4, 2009
12 March 2009
The legal framework for ensuring sound fiscal policies in EMU
Economic Bulletin Issue 3, 2009
12 March 2009
The effectiveness of various fiscal measures to stimulate the economy
Economic Bulletin Issue 3, 2009
11 December 2008
Structural policies in times of crisis
Economic Bulletin Issue 12, 2008
1 June 2008
Discretionary fiscal policies, automatic stabilisation and economic uncertainty
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2008
13 December 2007
Political commitments and the Stability and Growth Pact
Economic Bulletin Issue 12, 2007
13 September 2007
Flat taxes in central and eastern Europe
Economic Bulletin Issue 9, 2007
14 June 2007
Government wage developments in the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2007
15 March 2007
The fiscal policy requirements of the Treaty establishing the European Community and the Stability and Growth Pact
Economic Bulletin Issue 3, 2007
14 December 2006
Long-term fiscal sustainability in the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 12, 2006
15 June 2006
Fiscal sustainability in stability programmes: assessment in ECOFIN Council opinions
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2006
9 March 2006
Projections on the impact of ageing on public expenditure
Economic Bulletin Issue 3, 2006
9 December 2004
Good standards for compiling and reporting government finance statistics
Economic Bulletin Issue 12, 2004
9 September 2004
Track record of budgetary forecasts in stability and convergence programmes
Economic Bulletin Issue 9, 2004
11 December 2003
Statement of the Governing Council on the ECOFIN Council conclusions regarding the correction of excessive deficits in France and Germany
Economic Bulletin Issue 12, 2003
12 June 2003
Sounds fiscal policies for stability and growth in the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2003
12 June 2003
The excessive deficit procedure
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2003
13 March 2003
Code of best practice on the compilation and reporting of data in the context of the excessive deficit procedure
Economic Bulletin Issue 3, 2003
17 October 2002
Challenges concerning fiscal consolidation
Economic Bulletin Issue 10, 2002
19 September 2002
The effect of stock price changes on budgetary balances
Economic Bulletin Issue 9, 2002
13 June 2002
Fiscal transparency in the context of the multilateral surveillance of budgetary positions
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2002
21 December 2000
Tax reforms in the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 12, 2000
21 September 2000
General government fiscal position in the euro area: a new presentation
Economic Bulletin Issue 9, 2000
21 September 2000
The sale of mobile telephone licences: impact on fiscal developments
Economic Bulletin Issue 9, 2000
9 December 1999
Government finance statistics based on the ESA 95
Economic Bulletin Issue 12, 1999
15 June 1999
Sound and efficient public finances: Section 2.3 of the "Broad guidelines of the economic policies of the Member States and the Community"
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 1999
20 April 1999
General government fiscal position in the euro area: a new presentation
Economic Bulletin Issue 4, 1999
17 March 1999
Obligations of euro area countries concerning their fiscal policies under the Treaty and the Stability and Growth Pact
Economic Bulletin Issue 3, 1999
Other issues
20 March 2017
The 2017 macroeconomic imbalance procedure and implementation of the 2016 country-specific recommendations
Economic Bulletin Issue 2, 2017
22 December 2016
Structural indicators of the euro area business environment
Economic Bulletin Issue 8, 2016
19 September 2016
Global production patterns from a European perspective: insights from a survey of large euro area firms
Economic Bulletin Issue 6, 2016
4 August 2016
The launch of money market statistical reporting
Economic Bulletin Issue 5, 2016
5 May 2016
The second series of targeted longer-term refinancing operations (TLTRO II)
Economic Bulletin Issue 3, 2016
24 March 2016
The 2016 macroeconomic imbalance procedure and the implementation of the 2015 country-specific recommendations
Economic Bulletin Issue 2, 2016
1 February 2016
Eurosystem publishes more detailed criteria for accepting rating agencies
Economic Bulletin Issue 1, 2016
13 November 2014
The impact of the European System of Accounts 2010 on euro area macroeconomic
Economic Bulletin Issue 11, 2014
15 September 2011
Financial markets in early August 2011 and the ECB's monetary policy measures
Economic Bulletin Issue 9, 2011
15 September 2011
The Eurosystem's balance sheet in times of financial market tension
Economic Bulletin Issue 9, 2011
11 August 2011
Statement by the President of the ECB on 7 August 2011
Economic Bulletin Issue 8, 2011
9 December 2010
Recent developments in EU financial stability arrangements
Economic Bulletin Issue 12, 2010
9 September 2010
A real-time database for the euro area
Economic Bulletin Issue 9, 2010
13 May 2010
Additional measures decided by the Governing Council
Economic Bulletin Issue 5, 2010
10 December 2009
Monetary policy regimes and macroeconomic stability
Economic Bulletin Issue 12, 2009
12 November 2009
A modernised legal framework for the collection of statistical information by the ECB
Economic Bulletin Issue 11, 2009
9 April 2009
Recent changes in short-term statistics
Economic Bulletin Issue 4, 2009
11 December 2008
Structural policies in times of crisis
Economic Bulletin Issue 12, 2008
17 April 2008
The 2008 update of the integrated policy guidelines of the Lisbon strategy
Economic Bulletin Issue 4, 2008
13 March 2008
EU cohesion policy in central and eastern European countries
Economic Bulletin Issue 3, 2008
17 January 2008
Review of statistics on payments and securities trading, clearing and settlement
Economic Bulletin Issue 1, 2008
13 December 2007
The Treaty of Lisbon
Economic Bulletin Issue 12, 2007
13 December 2007
The European Union's common agricultural policy against the background of globally rising food prices
Economic Bulletin Issue 12, 2007
19 April 2007
The 2007 update of the Integrated Policy Guidelines for the implementation of the Lisbon Strategy by the euro area member states
Economic Bulletin Issue 4, 2007