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  • PRESS RELEASE

Monetary developments in the euro area: October 2023

28 November 2023

Components of the broad monetary aggregate M3

The annual growth rate of the broad monetary aggregate M3 was -1.0% in October 2023, compared with -1.2% in September, averaging -1.2% in the three months up to October. The components of M3 showed the following developments. The annual growth rate of the narrower aggregate M1, which comprises currency in circulation and overnight deposits, stood at -10.0% in October, compared with -9.9% in September. The annual growth rate of short-term deposits other than overnight deposits (M2-M1) decreased to 21.4% in October from 21.9% in September. The annual growth rate of marketable instruments (M3-M2) increased to 22.9% in October from 19.9% in September.

Chart 1

Monetary aggregates

(annual growth rates)

Data for monetary aggregates

Looking at the components' contributions to the annual growth rate of M3, the narrower aggregate M1 contributed -7.2 percentage points (as in the previous month), short-term deposits other than overnight deposits (M2-M1) contributed 5.1 percentage points (as in the previous month) and marketable instruments (M3-M2) contributed 1.1 percentage points (up from 0.9 percentage points).

From the perspective of the holding sectors of deposits in M3, the annual growth rate of deposits placed by households was -0.5% in October, compared with -0.3% in September, while the annual growth rate of deposits placed by non-financial corporations was -2.0% in October, compared with -1.3% in September. Finally, the annual growth rate of deposits placed by non-monetary financial corporations (excluding insurance corporations and pension funds) was -10.7% in October, compared with -16.3% in September.

Counterparts of the broad monetary aggregate M3

As a reflection of changes in the items on the monetary financial institution (MFI) consolidated balance sheet other than M3 (counterparts of M3), the annual growth rate of M3 in October 2023 can be broken down as follows: net external assets contributed 2.5 percentage points (up from 2.1 percentage points in September), credit to the private sector contributed 0.4 percentage points (up from 0.2 percentage points), credit to general government contributed -1.0 percentage points (down from -0.8 percentage points), longer-term financial liabilities contributed -2.3 percentage points (down from -2.1 percentage points), and the remaining counterparts of M3 contributed -0.5 percentage points (as in the previous month).

Chart 2

Contribution of the M3 counterparts to the annual growth rate of M3

(percentage points)

Data for contribution of the M3 counterparts to the annual growth rate of M3

Credit to euro area residents

As regards the dynamics of credit, the annual growth rate of total credit to euro area residents stood at -0.5% in October 2023, unchanged from the previous month. The annual growth rate of credit to general government was -2.6% in October, compared with -2.1% in September, while the annual growth rate of credit to the private sector increased to 0.4% in October from 0.2% in September.

The annual growth rate of adjusted loans to the private sector (i.e. adjusted for loan sales, securitisation and notional cash pooling) increased to 0.4% in October from 0.2% in September. Among the borrowing sectors, the annual growth rate of adjusted loans to households decreased to 0.6% in October from 0.8% in September, while the annual growth rate of adjusted loans to non-financial corporations decreased to -0.3% in October from 0.2% in September.

Chart 3

Adjusted loans to the private sector

(annual growth rates)

Data for adjusted loans to the private sector

Notes:

  • Data in this press release are adjusted for seasonal and end-of-month calendar effects, unless stated otherwise.
  • "Private sector" refers to euro area non-MFIs excluding general government.
  • Hyperlinks in the main body of the press release and in annex tables lead to data that may change with subsequent releases as a result of revisions. Figures shown in annex tables are a snapshot of the data as at the time of the current release.