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Completing banking union and capital markets union is crucial, ECB report shows

18 June 2024

  • Disappointing progress in euro area financial integration since start of monetary union
  • Policies urgently needed to mobilise savings, develop euro area bond and equity markets

A better integrated euro area internal market for financial services is necessary to secure European economic and financial resilience, the European Central Bank (ECB)’s latest report on Financial Integration and Structure in the Euro Area shows. This is all the more crucial in the face of the growing need for investments to meet common challenges such as the green and digital transitions, security and aging populations.

The euro area has demonstrated resilience during crises, but progress in financial integration has been disappointing. Indicators of financial integration have declined significantly over the past two years, with no sizeable increases since the start of monetary union.

Policy action is now urgently needed to mobilise available savings, develop euro area bond and equity markets, and make these markets more attractive to foreign investors. Achieving a fully integrated financial services market also requires facilitating cross-border banking and harmonising regulatory frameworks and disclosure requirements.

ECB staff will present the report on Financial Integration and Structure in the Euro Area on 18 June 2024 at the high-level conference on European financial integration.

For media queries, please contact Verena Reith, tel.: +49 69 1344 5737.


  • The biennial ECB Financial Integration and Structure in the Euro Area report focuses on financial integration and selected policy issues, notably the European banking union and capital markets union. The report contributes to the debate on how to deepen European Economic and Monetary Union.
  • Indicators of financial integration in the euro area are available in the statistical annex to the report.

European Central Bank

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