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Eugenio Gaiotti

1 December 2001
This paper studies the effects of monetary policy on the investment behaviour of various categories of Italian firms, using a panel from the Company Accounts Data Service (Centrale dei Bilanci). The exercise aims to shed light on the quantitative importance of a channel of transmission operating through balance sheets. Financial variables matter (when defined as either cash flow or the stock of liquidity); small firms and firms which have a larger share of assets that cannot be used as collateral are more affected by monetary policy. In quantitative terms, the difference in the response of investment by different types of firms turns out not to be negligible; however, the implications of this finding for transmission asymmetries across euro-area countries should not be overemphasized. Our main policy conclusion is that monitoring the financial conditions of different types of firms is important in order to assess the overall monetary stance
JEL Code
E22 : Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics→Consumption, Saving, Production, Investment, Labor Markets, and Informal Economy→Capital, Investment, Capacity
E50 : Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics→Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit→General
Eurosystem Monetary Transmission Network