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Publications on Digitalisation

30 November 2022
THE ECB BLOG
Amid the widespread fallout in crypto markets following the collapse of a major crypto exchange, The ECB Blog takes a look at where we stand with Bitcoin.
Details
JEL Code
E42 : Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics→Money and Interest Rates→Monetary Systems, Standards, Regimes, Government and the Monetary System, Payment Systems
Related
17 November 2022
PRESS RELEASE
7 November 2022
SPEECH
Video address by Christine Lagarde, President of the ECB, to the “High level conference: Towards a legislative framework enabling a digital euro for citizens and businesses”
14 October 2022
SPEECH
Statement by Christine Lagarde, President of the ECB, at the forty-sixth meeting of the International Monetary and Financial Committee
29 September 2022
DIGITAL EURO GOVERNANCE
29 September 2022
SPEECH
Introductory statement by Fabio Panetta, Member of the Executive Board of the ECB, at the Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs of the European Parliament
23 August 2022
SPEECH
Presentation by Fabio Panetta, Member of the Executive Board of the ECB, at the Annual Congress of the European Economic Association at Bocconi University in Milan
13 July 2022
THE ECB BLOG
It is our responsibility to preserve the integrity of the monetary and payment systems, write President Christine Lagarde and Executive Board member Fabio Panetta. A digital euro could play a decisive role in this endeavour.
11 July 2022
MACROPRUDENTIAL BULLETIN - FOCUS
Macroprudential Bulletin Issue 18, 2022
Details
Abstract
This article describes the main features and risks of decentralised finance (DeFi), focusing in particular on similarities and differences between DeFi and traditional finance. While the financial services provided through DeFi mainly replicate those of traditional financial services but within the crypto-asset ecosystem, they are provided in a novel way that relies on automated protocols and cuts out centralised intermediaries. The article explains how this novel method of service provision entails specific financial stability risks and regulatory challenges.
JEL Code
G23 : Financial Economics→Financial Institutions and Services→Non-bank Financial Institutions, Financial Instruments, Institutional Investors
G28 : Financial Economics→Financial Institutions and Services→Government Policy and Regulation
G01 : Financial Economics→General→Financial Crises
1 July 2022
SPEECH
Keynote speech by Fabio Panetta, Member of the Executive Board of the ECB, at the European Parliament’s Innovation Day “The EU in the world created by the Ukraine war”
16 June 2022
SPEECH
Keynote speech by Fabio Panetta, Member of the Executive Board of the ECB, at the European Payments Council’s 20th anniversary conference
15 June 2022
SPEECH
Introductory statement by Fabio Panetta, Member of the Executive Board of the ECB, at the Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs of the European Parliament
1 June 2022
SPEECH
Introductory remarks by Fabio Panetta, Member of the Executive Board of the ECB, at the seventh meeting of the Euro Cyber Resilience Board for pan-European Financial Infrastructures
30 May 2022
INTERVIEW
Interview with Philip R. Lane, Member of the Executive Board of the ECB, conducted by Nuño Rodrigo and Laura Salces on 25 May 2022
English
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16 May 2022
SPEECH
Keynote speech by Fabio Panetta, Member of the Executive Board of the ECB, at the National College of Ireland
12 May 2022
OCCASIONAL PAPER SERIES - No. 293
Details
Abstract
In July 2021 the Eurosystem decided to launch the investigation phase of the digital euro project, which aims to provide euro area citizens with access to central bank money in an increasingly digitalised world. While a digital euro could offer a wide range of benefits, it could prompt changes in the demand for bank deposits and services from private financial entities (ECB, 2020a), with knock-on consequences for bank lending and resilience. By inducing bank disintermediation, a central bank digital currency, or CBDC, could in principle alter the transmission of monetary policy and impact financial stability. To prevent this risk, options to moderate CBDC take-up are being discussed widely.In view of the significant degree of uncertainty surrounding the design of a potential digital euro, its demand and the prevailing environment in which it would be introduced, this paper explores a set of analytical exercises that can offer insights into the consequences it could have for bank intermediation in the euro area.Based on assumptions about the degree of substitution between different forms of money in normal times, several take-up scenarios are calculated to illustrate how the potential demand for a digital euro might shape up. The paper then analyses the mechanisms through which commercial banks and the central bank could react to the introduction of a digital euro. Overall, effects on bank intermediation are found to vary across credit institutions in normal times and to be potentially larger in stressed times. Further, a potential digital euro’s capacity to alter system-wide bank run dynamics appears to depend on a few crucial factors, such as CBDC remuneration and usage limits.
JEL Code
E42 : Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics→Money and Interest Rates→Monetary Systems, Standards, Regimes, Government and the Monetary System, Payment Systems
E51 : Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics→Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit→Money Supply, Credit, Money Multipliers
G21 : Financial Economics→Financial Institutions and Services→Banks, Depository Institutions, Micro Finance Institutions, Mortgages
25 April 2022
SPEECH
Speech by Fabio Panetta, Member of the Executive Board of the ECB, at Columbia University
English
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21 April 2022
SPEECH
Statement by Christine Lagarde, President of the ECB, at the forty-fifth meeting of the International Monetary and Financial Committee
8 April 2022
SPEECH
Opening speech by Fabio Panetta, Member of the Executive Board of the ECB, at the IESE Business School Banking Initiative Conference on Technology and Finance
30 March 2022
SPEECH
Introductory statement by Fabio Panetta, Member of the Executive Board of the ECB, at the Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs of the European Parliament
30 March 2022
PRESS RELEASE
18 February 2022
SPEECH
Contribution by Fabio Panetta, Member of the Executive Board of the ECB, to a panel discussion on central bank digital currencies at the US Monetary Policy Forum
11 February 2022
INTERVIEW
Interview with Christine Lagarde, President of the European Central Bank, conducted by Andreas Niesmann and Tim Szent-Ivany
English
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10 December 2021
SPEECH
Lecture by Fabio Panetta, Member of the Executive Board of the ECB
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8 December 2021
SPEECH
Welcome remarks by Christine Lagarde, President of the ECB and Chair of the European Systemic Risk Board, at the fifth annual conference of the ESRB
30 November 2021
INTERVIEW
Interview with Luis de Guindos, Vice-President of the ECB, conducted by Guillaume Benoit, Édouard Lederer and Thibaut Madelin on 24 November and published on 30 November
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18 November 2021
SPEECH
Introductory remarks by Fabio Panetta, Member of the Executive Board of the ECB, at the ECON Committee of the European Parliament
9 November 2021
SPEECH
Remarks by Christine Lagarde, President of the ECB, at the ECB Forum on Banking Supervision, 9 November 2021
5 November 2021
SPEECH
Speech by Fabio Panetta, Member of the Executive Board of the ECB, at the Elcano Royal Institute, Madrid
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25 October 2021
PRESS RELEASE
19 October 2021
SPEECH
Speech by Fabio Panetta, Member of the Executive Board of the ECB, at the ECB-CEBRA conference on international aspects of digital currencies and fintech
14 October 2021
SPEECH
Statement by Christine Lagarde, President of the ECB, at the forty-fourth meeting of the International Monetary and Financial Committee
12 October 2021
SPEECH
Speech by Christine Lagarde, President of the ECB, at the Finance at Countdown event
8 October 2021
SPEECH
Speech by Fabio Panetta, Member of the Executive Board of the ECB, at the panel on “Cross-border dimensions of non-bank financial intermediation: what are the priorities for building resilience globally?”, as part of the UK G7 Presidency Conference on “Safe Openness in Global Trade and Finance” hosted by the Bank of England
28 September 2021
SPEECH
Speech by Christine Lagarde, President of the ECB, at ECB Forum on Central Banking "Beyond the pandemic: the future of monetary policy"
24 September 2021
SPEECH
Panel contribution by Philip R. Lane, Member of the Executive Board of the ECB, to the 5th Joint Regional Financing Arrangements Research Seminar organised by the European Stability Mechanism
29 July 2021
INTERVIEW
Interview with Luis de Guindos, Vice-President of the ECB, conducted by Frank Wiebe and Jan Mallien
English
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29 July 2021
INTERVIEW
Interview with Fabio Panetta, Member of the Executive Board of the ECB, conducted by Federico Fubini
English
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14 July 2021
PRESS RELEASE
20 June 2021
INTERVIEW
Interview with Fabio Panetta, Member of the Executive Board of the ECB, conducted by Martin Arnold on 14 June 2021
English
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19 May 2021
SPEECH
Introductory remarks by Fabio Panetta, Member of the Executive Board of the ECB, at the 14th Payment Forum of Suomen Pankki − Finlands Bank, Helsinki, 19 May 2021
3 May 2021
INTERVIEW
Interview with Luis de Guindos, conducted by Tonia Mastrobuoni on 27 April 2021
English
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29 April 2021
INTERVIEW
Interview with Philip R. Lane, Member of the Executive Board of the ECB, conducted by Gabriel Mellqvist on 29 April 2021
14 April 2021
SPEECH
Introductory remarks by Fabio Panetta, Member of the Executive Board of the ECB, at the ECON Committee of the European Parliament
14 April 2021
PRESS RELEASE
8 April 2021
SPEECH
Statement by Christine Lagarde, President of the ECB, at the forty-third meeting of the International Monetary and Financial Committee
27 March 2021
SPEECH
Remarks by Philip R. Lane, Member of the Executive Board of the ECB, at “The Outlook for the Economy and Finance” workshop (fully digital) organised by The European House − Ambrosetti
English
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17 March 2021
INTERVIEW
Interview on Twitter with Frank Elderson, Member of the Executive Board of the ECB, conducted and published on 16 March 2021
2 March 2021
INTERVIEW
Interview with Luis de Guindos, Vice-President of the European Central Bank (ECB), conducted by Sérgio Aníbal
English
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10 February 2021
SPEECH
Speech by Fabio Panetta, Member of the Executive Board of the ECB, at a Bruegel online seminar
9 February 2021
INTERVIEW
Interview with Fabio Panetta, Member of the Executive Board of the ECB, conducted by Tim Bartz
English
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8 February 2021
SPEECH
Introductory statement by Christine Lagarde, President of the ECB, at the plenary session of the European Parliament
31 January 2021
INTERVIEW
Interview with Isabel Schnabel, Member of the Executive Board of the ECB, conducted by Klemens Kindermann on 29 January 2021 and published on 31 January 2021
25 January 2021
SPEECH
Introductory statement by Frank Elderson, Member of the Executive Board of the ECB, at the ECON Committee of the European Parliament
12 January 2021
INTERVIEW
Interview with Isabel Schnabel, Member of the Executive Board of the ECB, conducted by Andras Szigètvari on 7 January 2021 und published on 12 January 2021
English
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18 December 2020
INTERVIEW
Interview on Twitter with Isabel Schnabel, Member of the Executive Board of the ECB, conducted and published on 17 December 2020
16 December 2020
SPEECH
Introductory remarks by Fabio Panetta, Member of the Executive Board of the ECB, at the fifth meeting of the Euro Cyber Resilience Board for pan-European Financial Infrastructures
14 December 2020
SPEECH
Speech by Fabio Panetta, Member of the Executive Board of the ECB, at the Rome Investment Forum 2020
English
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2 December 2020
THE ECB BLOG
The results of the ECB’s latest study on payment behaviours suggest that no single means of payment currently available meets all consumer needs, Executive Board member Fabio Panetta writes in The ECB Blog. This underlines the importance of continuing to give people a choice on how to pay.
2 December 2020
PRESS RELEASE
30 November 2020
INTERVIEW
Article by Christine Lagarde, President of the ECB, in L’ENA hors les murs magazine
English
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27 November 2020
SPEECH
Speech by Fabio Panetta, Member of the Executive Board of the ECB, at the Deutsche Bundesbank conference on the “Future of Payments in Europe”
20 November 2020
SPEECH
Keynote speech by Christine Lagarde, President of the ECB, at the European Banking Congress
4 November 2020
SPEECH
Speech by Fabio Panetta, Member of the Executive Board of the ECB, at Il Salone dei Pagamenti 2020
English
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2 November 2020
SPEECH
Keynote speech by Yves Mersch, Member of the Executive Board of the ECB and Vice-Chair of the Supervisory Board of the ECB, at the ESCB Legal Conference
22 October 2020
SPEECH
Keynote speech by Fabio Panetta, Member of the Executive Board of the ECB, at the ECB Conference “A new horizon for pan-European payments and digital euro”
18 October 2020
SPEECH
Contribution by Christine Lagarde, President of the ECB, during the session “Rebuilding and Sustaining Growth”
12 October 2020
SPEECH
Introductory statement by Fabio Panetta, Member of the Executive Board of the ECB, at the ECON Committee of the European Parliament
7 October 2020
INTERVIEW
Interview with Christine Lagarde, President of the ECB
2 October 2020
PRESS RELEASE
2 October 2020
THE ECB BLOG
We should be ready to issue a digital euro if and when it is necessary, writes Executive Board member Fabio Panetta. The euro is a currency that Europeans trust. We need to make sure that it is fit for the future.
1 October 2020
INTERVIEW
Interview with Luis de Guindos, Vice-President of the ECB, conducted by Luke Heighton on 29 September 2020
24 September 2020
INTERVIEW
Interview on Twitter with Philip R. Lane, Member of the Executive Board of the ECB, conducted on 24 September 2020
23 September 2020
INTERVIEW
Interview with Yves Mersch, Member of the Executive Board of the ECB and Vice-Chair of the Supervisory Board of the ECB, conducted by Paul Gordon and Carolynn Look
10 September 2020
SPEECH
Speech by Christine Lagarde, President of the ECB, at the Deutsche Bundesbank online conference on banking and payments in the digital world
7 July 2020
SPEECH
Introductory remarks by Fabio Panetta, Member of the Executive Board of the ECB, Meeting with Members of the European Parliament
13 June 2020
SPEECH
Remarks by Christine Lagarde, President of the ECB, via videoconference at the inaugural session of the Italian National Consultation
9 June 2020
INTERVIEW
Interview on Twitter with Isabel Schnabel, Member of the Executive Board of the ECB, conducted and published on 9 June 2020
8 June 2020
SPEECH
Introductory statement by Christine Lagarde, President of the ECB, at the ECON committee of the European Parliament (by videoconference)
Annexes
22 May 2020
SPEECH
Speech by Philip R. Lane, Member of the Executive Board of the ECB, at the Inflation: Drivers and Dynamics 2020 Online Conference, Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland/European Central Bank, 22 May 2020
11 May 2020
SPEECH
Speech by Yves Mersch, Member of the Executive Board of the ECB and Vice-Chair of the Supervisory Board of the ECB, at the Consensus 2020 virtual conference, 11 May 2020
5 May 2020
MACROPRUDENTIAL BULLETIN - ARTICLE - No. 10
Details
Abstract
Stablecoins provide an alternative to volatile crypto-assets. Depending on their asset management function, they may fall under different regulatory regimes or – with certain design features – under none at all. Given their potential size, global stablecoins could pose risks to financial stability. Such arrangements need a robust regulatory framework.
JEL Code
E42 : Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics→Money and Interest Rates→Monetary Systems, Standards, Regimes, Government and the Monetary System, Payment Systems
G15 : Financial Economics→General Financial Markets→International Financial Markets
G28 : Financial Economics→Financial Institutions and Services→Government Policy and Regulation
28 April 2020
THE ECB BLOG
The ECB is working to protect the continuity and safety of payments during the coronavirus pandemic, writes Executive Board member Fabio Panetta in The ECB Blog. Europeans can trust in our commitment to support them throughout this crisis.
8 April 2020
OTHER PUBLICATION
Colloquium in honour of Benoît Coeuré, held on 17-18 December 2019
27 February 2020
PRESS RELEASE
27 February 2020
SPEECH
Introductory remarks by Fabio Panetta, Member of the Executive Board of the ECB, at the fourth meeting of the Euro Cyber Resilience Board for pan-European Financial Infrastructures
17 February 2020
SPEECH
Keynote speech by Philip R. Lane, Member of the Executive Board of the ECB, at the Joint European Central Bank, Irving Fisher Committee and Banco de Portugal conference on “Bridging measurement challenges and analytical needs of external statistics: evolution or revolution?”
11 February 2020
SPEECH
Introductory statement by Christine Lagarde, President of the ECB, on the occasion of the presentation of the ECB Annual Report 2018 at the European Parliament
10 February 2020
INTERVIEW
Interview with Luis de Guindos, Vice-President of the ECB, conducted by Andrés Stumpf on 6 February 2020 and published on 10 February 2020
English
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5 February 2020
SPEECH
Speech by Christine Lagarde, President of the ECB, at the "Grand Prix de l’Économie des Echos pour l’année 2019"
21 January 2020
PRESS RELEASE
8 January 2020
INTERVIEW
Interview with Christine Lagarde, President of the ECB, by Pierre-Henri de Menthon and Sabine Syfuss-Arnaud
English
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13 December 2019
SPEECH
Speech by Luis de Guindos, Vice-President of the ECB, at the conference Financial Integration and Inclusive Development – A View from the Mediterranean Countries, jointly organised by Banco de España, OECD and European Institute of the Mediterranean (IEMed)
2 December 2019
SPEECH
Introductory statement by Christine Lagarde, President of the ECB, at the ECON committee of the European Parliament
26 November 2019
SPEECH
Speech by Benoît Cœuré, Member of the Executive Board of the ECB, at the Joint Conference of the ECB and the National Bank of Belgium on “Crossing the chasm to the retail payments of tomorrow”
22 November 2019
SPEECH
Speech by Christine Lagarde, President of the ECB, at the Frankfurt European Banking Congress
30 October 2019
SPEECH
Speech by Sabine Lautenschläger, Member of the Executive Board of the ECB, at lecture series “Mein Europa”, Heinrich-Heine University
English
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18 October 2019
SPEECH
Statement by Mario Draghi, President of the ECB, at the fortieth meeting of the International Monetary and Financial Committee
25 September 2019
SPEECH
Hearing of Benoît Cœuré, Member of the Executive Board of the ECB, organised by the Committee on the Digital Agenda on the topic of “Digital currencies, focusing on Libra”, Deutscher Bundestag
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24 September 2019
SPEECH
Speech by Luis de Guindos, Vice-President of the ECB, at the ECB conference “Inflation in a changing economic environment”
17 September 2019
SPEECH
Panel remarks by Benoît Cœuré, Member of the Executive Board of the ECB, at the Banque centrale du Luxembourg-Toulouse School of Economics conference on “The Future of the International Monetary System”
7 September 2019
SPEECH
Panel contribution by Luis de Guindos, Vice-President of the ECB, at The European House-Ambrosetti Forum, Cernobbio, 7 September 2019
2 September 2019
SPEECH
Speech by Yves Mersch, Member of the Executive Board of the ECB, at the ECB Legal Conference, Frankfurt am Main, 2 September 2019
25 July 2019
INTRODUCTORY STATEMENT
Mario Draghi, President of the ECB, Luis de Guindos, Vice-President of the ECB, Frankfurt am Main, 25 July 2019
4 July 2019
SPEECH
Welcome remarks by Philip R. Lane, Member of the Executive Board of the ECB, at the ECB conference on “Challenges in the digital age”, Frankfurt, 4 July 2019
28 June 2019
SPEECH
Introductory remarks by Sabine Lautenschläger, Member of the Executive Board of the ECB, at the third meeting of the Euro Cyber Resilience Board for pan-European Financial Infrastructures, Frankfurt am Main, 28 June 2019
6 June 2019
INTRODUCTORY STATEMENT
Mario Draghi, President of the ECB, Luis de Guindos, Vice-President of the ECB, Vilnius, 6 June 2019
29 May 2019
SPEECH
Speech by Yves Mersch, Member of the Executive Board of the ECB, at Zahlungsverkehrssymposium, Deutsche Bundesbank, Frankfurt, 29 May 2019
English
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10 May 2019
SPEECH
Speech by Benoît Cœuré, Chair of the Bank for International Settlements’ Committee on Payments and Market Infrastructures and Member of the Executive Board of the European Central Bank, at the G7 conference: “Cybersecurity: Coordinating efforts to protect the financial sector in the global economy”, Paris, 10 May 2019
10 May 2019
SPEECH
Statement by Sabine Lautenschläger, Member of the Executive Board of the ECB, at the G7 2019 conference on "Cybersecurity: Coordinating efforts to protect the financial sector in the global economy", Paris, 10 May 2019
6 May 2019
SPEECH
Welcome address by Sabine Lautenschläger, Member of the Executive Board of the ECB, at the ECB conference “An innovative single market for the euro”, Frankfurt am Main, 6 May 2019
22 March 2019
SPEECH
Speech by Yves Mersch, Member of the Executive Board of the ECB, Warsaw, 22 March 2019
13 March 2019
SPEECH
Speech by Benoît Cœuré, Member of the Executive Board of the ECB, at the ECB Youth Dialogue Event, Bocconi University, 13 March 2019
Annexes
13 March 2013
SPEECH
26 February 2019
SPEECH
Speech by Yves Mersch, Member of the Executive Board of the ECB, at the 3rd annual Conference on Fintech and Digital Innovation, 26 February 2019, Brussels
7 February 2019
SPEECH
Speech by Yves Mersch, Member of the Executive Board of the ECB, at the American European Community Association, Brussels, 7 February 2019
31 January 2019
SPEECH
Keynote speech by Benoît Cœuré, Chair of the CPMI and Member of the Executive Board of the ECB, at the 14th BCBS-FSI high-level meeting for Africa on strengthening financial sector supervision and current regulatory priorities, Cape Town, 31 January 2019
17 January 2019
SPEECH
Speech by Sabine Lautenschläger, Member of the Executive Board of the ECB and Vice-Chair of the Supervisory Board of the ECB, at Risk Management & Supervisory Conference organised by Banking & Payments Federation Ireland, in Dublin, Ireland, 17 January 2019
7 December 2018
SPEECH
Introductory remarks by Benoît Cœuré, Member of the Executive Board of the ECB, at the second meeting of the Euro Cyber Resilience Board for pan-European Financial Infrastructures, Frankfurt, 7 December 2018
30 November 2018
SPEECH
Speech by Yves Mersch, Member of the Executive Board of the ECB, at the TIPS launch event, Frascati (Rome), 30 November 2018
28 November 2018
SPEECH
Speech by Luis de Guindos, Vice-President of the ECB, at the joint EIB-ECB conference on investment, technological transformation and skills, Luxembourg, 28 November 2018
15 November 2018
SPEECH
Welcome remarks by Benoît Cœuré, Chair of the Committee on Payments and Market Infrastructures of the Bank for International Settlements and Member of the Executive Board of the ECB, at the Economics of Payments IX conference, Basel, 15 November 2018
Annexes
15 November 2018
ANNEX
3 September 2018
SPEECH
Speech by Yves Mersch, Member of the Executive Board of the ECB, at the European Institute of Financial Regulation (EIFR), Paris, 3 September 2018
English
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26 June 2018
SPEECH
Speech by Benoît Cœuré, Member of the Executive Board of the ECB, at the Central Bank Payments Conference, Singapore, 26 June 2018
14 May 2018
SPEECH
Speech by Benoît Cœuré, Member of the Executive Board of the ECB, at the International Center for Monetary and Banking Studies, Geneva, 14 May 2018
14 May 2018
SPEECH
Speech by Yves Mersch, Member of the Executive Board of the ECB, at the 39th meeting of the Governor’s Club Bodrum, Turkey, 14 May 2018
11 April 2018
SPEECH
Introductory remarks and Q&A with Mario Draghi, President of the ECB, Frankfurt, 11 April 2018
14 March 2018
SPEECH
Introductory remarks by Benoît Cœuré, Member of the Executive Board of the ECB, at a roundtable organised by FinLeap, Berlin, 14 March 2018
9 March 2018
SPEECH
Speech by Sabine Lautenschläger, Member of the Executive Board of the ECB and Vice-Chair of the Supervisory Board of the ECB, at the first meeting of the Euro Cyber Resilience Board for pan-European Financial Infrastructures, Frankfurt am Main, 9 March 2018
9 March 2018
SPEECH
Introductory remarks by Benoît Cœuré, Member of the Executive Board of the ECB, at the first meeting of the Euro Cyber Resilience Board for pan-European Financial Infrastructures, Frankfurt, 9 March 2018
27 February 2018
SPEECH
Speech by Yves Mersch, Member of the Executive Board of the ECB, at the Second Annual Conference on “Fintech and Digital Innovation: Regulation at the European level and beyond”, Brussels, 27 February 2018
8 February 2018
SPEECH
Lecture by Yves Mersch, Member of the Executive Board of the ECB, Official Monetary and Financial Institutions Forum, London, 8 February 2018
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