Key euro area indicators

The euro area data shown on this page correspond to the economic and financial variables described on the International Monetary Fund's Dissemination Standards Bulletin Board (DSBB). For an extended explanation of the DSBB and the statistical standards, please click on DSBB Home Page.

Euro area data presented on this page are provided by Eurostat and the ECB . The source can be consulted by clicking on the data label, or on the link to the metadata in the "More info" column. More data are available in the Eurostat Data Navigation and the ECB Statistical Data Warehouse (SDW).

In January 2015 Lithuania joined the euro area, bringing the number of euro area countries to 19. Unless otherwise indicated, all data series including observations for 2015 relate to the ’Euro 19’ (i.e. the euro area including Lithuania) for the whole time series.

Unless otherwise indicated (SA), data are not seasonally adjusted.

Real sector
Fiscal sector
Financial sector
External sector
Socio-demographic Data

Last updated: 20/05/2016 10:05

SDDS Data Category and Component Unit Description Observations Growth rates More info
Period of latest data Latest Previous Previous period 1 Annual 2

Notes:

1.  % change from previous period to latest period
2.  % change from same period last year to latest period
3.  Data refer to the changing composition of the euro area
4.  Data refer to Euro 19
5.  Holders resident in the country whose government has issued the debt. Intergovernmental lending in the context of the financial crisis is consolidated.
6.  Includes residents of euro area countries other than the country whose government has issued the debt.
Real sector              
National Accounts               
Current price GDP by expenditure category              
GDP at market prices € billions (SA) Q4/15 2,624.0 2,606.9 0.7 2.9  
Household final consumption expenditure € billions (SA) Q4/15 1,444.1 1,439.4 0.3 1.8  
Government final consumption expenditure € billions (SA) Q4/15 546.4 543.0 0.6 2.2  
Gross fixed capital formation € billions (SA) Q4/15 521.6 513.6 1.6 4.1  
Change in inventories € billions (SA) Q4/15 -2.1 -5.6 - -  
Exports of goods and services € billions (SA) Q4/15 1,192.5 1,195.2 -0.2 3.2  
Imports of goods and services € billions (SA) Q4/15 1,078.4 1,078.7 -0.0 2.7  
Volume of GDP by expenditure category (in previous year's prices)              
GDP at market prices 2010 (SA) Q1/16 104.1 103.5 0.5 1.5  
Household final consumption expenditure 2010 (SA) Q4/15 101.1 100.8 0.2 1.5  
Government final consumption expenditure 2010 (SA) Q4/15 102.6 102.0 0.6 1.6  
Gross fixed capital formation 2010 (SA) Q4/15 101.1 99.7 1.3 3.4  
Exports of goods and services 2010 (SA) Q4/15 123.2 122.9 0.2 3.6  
Imports of goods and services 2010 (SA) Q4/15 117.6 116.5 0.9 5.3  
Industrial Production Index (excluding construction) 2010=100 (SA) Mar/16 103.4 104.2 -0.8 0.2  
Employment Persons (PERS) thousands (SA) Q4/15 151,858.0 151,386.5 0.3 1.2  
Unemployment              
Unemployment - Level Persons (PERS) thousands (SA) Mar/16 16,437.0 16,663.0 - -  
Unemployment - Rate (percentage of civilian workforce) Percent (SA) Mar/16 10.2 10.4 - -  
Hourly labour costs index 2008=100 (SA) Q4/15 104.3 104.1 0.3 1.2  
Consumer Price Index (HICP, harmonised index) 3 2015=100 Apr/16 100.1 100.1 0.0 -0.2  
Producer Prices Index, domestic sales (excluding construction) 2010=100 Mar/16 100.5 100.2 0.3 -4.2  
Fiscal sector 4              
General Government operations              
Revenue (percentage of GDP) Percent Q4/15 46.6 46.6 - -  
Expenditure (percentage of GDP) Percent Q4/15 48.7 48.7 - -  
Of which interest payable (percentage of GDP) Percent Q4/15 2.4 2.5 - -  
Of which investment (percentage of GDP) Percent Q4/15 2.7 2.7 - -  
Balance (percentage of GDP) Percent Q4/15 -2.1 -2.1 - -  
General Government debt              
Gross outstanding debt Percent 2015 90.7 92.0 - -  
Debt in euro (percentage of GDP) Percent 2015 88.6 89.9 - -  
Debt in currencies other than euro (percentage of GDP) Percent 2015 2.1 2.1 - -  
Held by domestic creditors (percentage of GDP) 5 Percent 2015 45.7 45.1 - -  
Of which MFIs (percentage of GDP) Percent 2015 27.5 26.0 - -  
Of which other financial corporations (percentage of GDP) Percent 2015 13.2 13.4 - -  
Of which other resident sectors (percentage of GDP) Percent 2015 5.0 5.8 - -  
Debt held by other creditors (percentage of GDP) 6 Percent 2015 45.0 46.9 - -  
Financial sector 3              
Analytical accounts of the banking sector              
Monetary aggregates (M3) € billions (SA) Mar/16 10,998.4 10,961.4 - 5.0  
Domestic credit € billions (SA) Mar/16 16,758.4 16,736.3 - 3.1  
Credit to general government in the euro area € billions (SA) Mar/16 4,049.4 4,007.5 - 10.1  
Credit to other resident sectors in the euro area € billions (SA) Mar/16 12,708.9 12,728.8 - 1.1  
External assets € billions (SA) Mar/16 5,015.8 5,191.2 - -5.6  
External liabilities € billions (SA) Mar/16 3,738.3 3,896.2 - -3.3  
Analytical accounts of the central banks (Eurosystem)              
Currency in circulation € billions Mar/16 1,099.2 1,091.4 - 5.3  
Deposits at the Eurosystem of MFI residents in the euro area € billions Mar/16 2,521.1 2,540.2 - 44.0  
Credit € billions Mar/16 1,180.5 1,130.8 - -  
Credit to general government in the euro area € billions Mar/16 1,094.8 1,046.9 - -  
Credit to other resident sectors in the euro area € billions Mar/16 85.7 83.9 - -  
External assets € billions Mar/16 794.6 816.8 - 3.6  
External liabilities € billions Mar/16 208.2 206.6 - 4.1  
Interest Rates              
One-year interbank market Percent per annum Apr/16 -0.0 -0.0 - -  
Ten-year government bond yield on the secondary market Percent per annum Apr/16 1.0 0.9 - -  
External sector              
Balance of payments              
Net current account € billions (SA) Mar/16 27.3 19.2 - -  
Exports of goods € billions (SA) Mar/16 170.7 168.0 - -  
Exports of services € billions (SA) Mar/16 62.4 64.4 - -  
Imports of goods € billions (SA) Mar/16 139.7 143.7 - -  
Imports of services € billions (SA) Mar/16 55.5 57.5 - -  
Net primary income € billions (SA) Mar/16 2.3 1.9 - -  
Net secondary income € billions (SA) Mar/16 -12.9 -13.9 - -  
Net capital account € billions Mar/16 0.8 2.2 - -  
Financial account € billions Mar/16 51.3 37.4 - -  
Direct investment € billions Mar/16 13.8 44.5 - -  
Direct investment assets € billions Mar/16 25.9 66.5 - -  
Direct investment liabilities € billions Mar/16 12.1 22.0 - -  
Portfolio investment € billions Mar/16 8.0 66.1 - -  
Portfolio investment assets € billions Mar/16 47.8 44.4 - -  
Portfolio investment liabilities € billions Mar/16 39.8 -21.7 - -  
Financial derivatives € billions Mar/16 -7.5 4.6 - -  
Other investment € billions Mar/16 35.9 -78.9 - -  
Other investment assets € billions Mar/16 -54.8 53.1 - -  
Other investment liabilities € billions Mar/16 -90.7 132.0 - -  
Reserve assets € billions Mar/16 1.1 1.1 - -  
International reserves and foreign currency liquidity (Eurosystem) 3              
Official reserve assets € billions Mar/16 673.4 699.6 - -  
Monetary gold € billions Mar/16 376.0 391.0 - -  
IMF reserve position € billions Mar/16 22.7 23.2 - -  
SDRs € billions Mar/16 51.3 52.6 - -  
Other reserve assets € billions Mar/16 223.5 232.8 - -  
Other foreign currency assets € billions Mar/16 27.5 31.2 - -  
Predetermined short-term net drains on foreign currency assets € billions Mar/16 -27.8 -33.5 - -  
Template on international reserves and foreign currency liquidity (European Central Bank) - Mar/16 - - - -  
Template on international reserves and foreign currency liquidity (Eurosystem) - Mar/16 - - - -  
Merchandise trade              
Exports € billions (SA) Mar/16 165.1 167.3 - -  
Imports € billions (SA) Mar/16 142.8 146.8 - -  
International investment position              
Total net international investment position € billions Q4/15 -418.2 -608.6 - -  
Direct investment € billions Q4/15 2,173.8 2,118.8 - -  
Direct investment assets € billions Q4/15 9,694.9 9,384.2 - -  
Direct investment liabilities € billions Q4/15 7,521.1 7,265.4 - -  
Portfolio investment € billions Q4/15 -2,988.0 -3,144.5 - -  
Equity and investment fund shares assets € billions Q4/15 3,044.1 2,880.0 - -  
Equity and investment fund shares liabilities € billions Q4/15 5,180.2 4,949.2 - -  
Debt securities assets € billions Q4/15 4,125.4 3,974.8 - -  
Debt securities liabilities € billions Q4/15 4,977.3 5,050.1 - -  
Other investment € billions Q4/15 -205.5 -193.5 - -  
Other investment assets € billions Q4/15 4,635.4 4,803.5 - -  
Other investment liabilities € billions Q4/15 4,840.9 4,997.1 - -  
Reserve assets € billions Q4/15 644.2 644.2 - -  
Gross external debt              
Gross external debt total € billions Q4/15 12,498.8 12,660.8 - -  
Exchange rates              
Euro foreign exchange reference rates              
Daily nominal effective exchange rate of the euro              
Socio-demographic Data              
Population (Total) Persons (PERS) millions 2015 335,688.3 334,970.4 0.2 0.2  
SDDS Data Category and Component Unit Description Observations Growth rates More info
Period of latest data Latest Previous Previous period 1 Annual 2

Notes:

1.  % change from previous period to latest period
2.  % change from same period last year to latest period
3.  Data refer to the changing composition of the euro area
4.  Data refer to Euro 19
5.  Holders resident in the country whose government has issued the debt. Intergovernmental lending in the context of the financial crisis is consolidated.
6.  Includes residents of euro area countries other than the country whose government has issued the debt.
Real sector              
National Accounts               
Current price GDP by expenditure category              
GDP at market prices € billions (SA) Q4/15 2,624.0 2,606.9 0.7 2.9  
Household final consumption expenditure € billions (SA) Q4/15 1,444.1 1,439.4 0.3 1.8  
Government final consumption expenditure € billions (SA) Q4/15 546.4 543.0 0.6 2.2  
Gross fixed capital formation € billions (SA) Q4/15 521.6 513.6 1.6 4.1  
Change in inventories € billions (SA) Q4/15 -2.1 -5.6 - -  
Exports of goods and services € billions (SA) Q4/15 1,192.5 1,195.2 -0.2 3.2  
Imports of goods and services € billions (SA) Q4/15 1,078.4 1,078.7 -0.0 2.7  
Volume of GDP by expenditure category (in previous year's prices)              
GDP at market prices 2010 (SA) Q1/16 104.1 103.5 0.5 1.5  
Household final consumption expenditure 2010 (SA) Q4/15 101.1 100.8 0.2 1.5  
Government final consumption expenditure 2010 (SA) Q4/15 102.6 102.0 0.6 1.6  
Gross fixed capital formation 2010 (SA) Q4/15 101.1 99.7 1.3 3.4  
Exports of goods and services 2010 (SA) Q4/15 123.2 122.9 0.2 3.6  
Imports of goods and services 2010 (SA) Q4/15 117.6 116.5 0.9 5.3  
Industrial Production Index (excluding construction) 2010=100 (SA) Mar/16 103.4 104.2 -0.8 0.2  
Employment Persons (PERS) thousands (SA) Q4/15 151,858.0 151,386.5 0.3 1.2  
Unemployment              
Unemployment - Level Persons (PERS) thousands (SA) Mar/16 16,437.0 16,663.0 - -  
Unemployment - Rate (percentage of civilian workforce) Percent (SA) Mar/16 10.2 10.4 - -  
Hourly labour costs index 2008=100 (SA) Q4/15 104.3 104.1 0.3 1.2  
Consumer Price Index (HICP, harmonised index) 3 2015=100 Apr/16 100.1 100.1 0.0 -0.2  
Producer Prices Index, domestic sales (excluding construction) 2010=100 Mar/16 100.5 100.2 0.3 -4.2  
Fiscal sector 4              
General Government operations              
Revenue (percentage of GDP) Percent Q4/15 46.6 46.6 - -  
Expenditure (percentage of GDP) Percent Q4/15 48.7 48.7 - -  
Of which interest payable (percentage of GDP) Percent Q4/15 2.4 2.5 - -  
Of which investment (percentage of GDP) Percent Q4/15 2.7 2.7 - -  
Balance (percentage of GDP) Percent Q4/15 -2.1 -2.1 - -  
General Government debt              
Gross outstanding debt Percent 2015 90.7 92.0 - -  
Debt in euro (percentage of GDP) Percent 2015 88.6 89.9 - -  
Debt in currencies other than euro (percentage of GDP) Percent 2015 2.1 2.1 - -  
Held by domestic creditors (percentage of GDP) 5 Percent 2015 45.7 45.1 - -  
Of which MFIs (percentage of GDP) Percent 2015 27.5 26.0 - -  
Of which other financial corporations (percentage of GDP) Percent 2015 13.2 13.4 - -  
Of which other resident sectors (percentage of GDP) Percent 2015 5.0 5.8 - -  
Debt held by other creditors (percentage of GDP) 6 Percent 2015 45.0 46.9 - -  
Financial sector 3              
Analytical accounts of the banking sector              
Monetary aggregates (M3) € billions (SA) Mar/16 10,998.4 10,961.4 - 5.0  
Domestic credit € billions (SA) Mar/16 16,758.4 16,736.3 - 3.1  
Credit to general government in the euro area € billions (SA) Mar/16 4,049.4 4,007.5 - 10.1  
Credit to other resident sectors in the euro area € billions (SA) Mar/16 12,708.9 12,728.8 - 1.1  
External assets € billions (SA) Mar/16 5,015.8 5,191.2 - -5.6  
External liabilities € billions (SA) Mar/16 3,738.3 3,896.2 - -3.3  
Analytical accounts of the central banks (Eurosystem)              
Currency in circulation € billions Mar/16 1,099.2 1,091.4 - 5.3  
Deposits at the Eurosystem of MFI residents in the euro area € billions Mar/16 2,521.1 2,540.2 - 44.0  
Credit € billions Mar/16 1,180.5 1,130.8 - -  
Credit to general government in the euro area € billions Mar/16 1,094.8 1,046.9 - -  
Credit to other resident sectors in the euro area € billions Mar/16 85.7 83.9 - -  
External assets € billions Mar/16 794.6 816.8 - 3.6  
External liabilities € billions Mar/16 208.2 206.6 - 4.1  
Interest Rates              
One-year interbank market Percent per annum Apr/16 -0.0 -0.0 - -  
Ten-year government bond yield on the secondary market Percent per annum Apr/16 1.0 0.9 - -  
External sector              
Balance of payments              
Net current account € billions (SA) Mar/16 27.3 19.2 - -  
Exports of goods € billions (SA) Mar/16 170.7 168.0 - -  
Exports of services € billions (SA) Mar/16 62.4 64.4 - -  
Imports of goods € billions (SA) Mar/16 139.7 143.7 - -  
Imports of services € billions (SA) Mar/16 55.5 57.5 - -  
Net primary income € billions (SA) Mar/16 2.3 1.9 - -  
Net secondary income € billions (SA) Mar/16 -12.9 -13.9 - -  
Net capital account € billions Mar/16 0.8 2.2 - -  
Financial account € billions Mar/16 51.3 37.4 - -  
Direct investment € billions Mar/16 13.8 44.5 - -  
Direct investment assets € billions Mar/16 25.9 66.5 - -  
Direct investment liabilities € billions Mar/16 12.1 22.0 - -  
Portfolio investment € billions Mar/16 8.0 66.1 - -  
Portfolio investment assets € billions Mar/16 47.8 44.4 - -  
Portfolio investment liabilities € billions Mar/16 39.8 -21.7 - -  
Financial derivatives € billions Mar/16 -7.5 4.6 - -  
Other investment € billions Mar/16 35.9 -78.9 - -  
Other investment assets € billions Mar/16 -54.8 53.1 - -  
Other investment liabilities € billions Mar/16 -90.7 132.0 - -  
Reserve assets € billions Mar/16 1.1 1.1 - -  
International reserves and foreign currency liquidity (Eurosystem) 3              
Official reserve assets € billions Mar/16 673.4 699.6 - -  
Monetary gold € billions Mar/16 376.0 391.0 - -  
IMF reserve position € billions Mar/16 22.7 23.2 - -  
SDRs € billions Mar/16 51.3 52.6 - -  
Other reserve assets € billions Mar/16 223.5 232.8 - -  
Other foreign currency assets € billions Mar/16 27.5 31.2 - -  
Predetermined short-term net drains on foreign currency assets € billions Mar/16 -27.8 -33.5 - -  
Template on international reserves and foreign currency liquidity (European Central Bank) - Mar/16 - - - -  
Template on international reserves and foreign currency liquidity (Eurosystem) - Mar/16 - - - -  
Merchandise trade              
Exports € billions (SA) Mar/16 165.1 167.3 - -  
Imports € billions (SA) Mar/16 142.8 146.8 - -  
International investment position              
Total net international investment position € billions Q4/15 -418.2 -608.6 - -  
Direct investment € billions Q4/15 2,173.8 2,118.8 - -  
Direct investment assets € billions Q4/15 9,694.9 9,384.2 - -  
Direct investment liabilities € billions Q4/15 7,521.1 7,265.4 - -  
Portfolio investment € billions Q4/15 -2,988.0 -3,144.5 - -  
Equity and investment fund shares assets € billions Q4/15 3,044.1 2,880.0 - -  
Equity and investment fund shares liabilities € billions Q4/15 5,180.2 4,949.2 - -  
Debt securities assets € billions Q4/15 4,125.4 3,974.8 - -  
Debt securities liabilities € billions Q4/15 4,977.3 5,050.1 - -  
Other investment € billions Q4/15 -205.5 -193.5 - -  
Other investment assets € billions Q4/15 4,635.4 4,803.5 - -  
Other investment liabilities € billions Q4/15 4,840.9 4,997.1 - -  
Reserve assets € billions Q4/15 644.2 644.2 - -  
Gross external debt              
Gross external debt total € billions Q4/15 12,498.8 12,660.8 - -  
Exchange rates              
Euro foreign exchange reference rates              
Daily nominal effective exchange rate of the euro              
Socio-demographic Data              
Population (Total) Persons (PERS) millions 2015 335,688.3 334,970.4 0.2 0.2