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Key euro area indicators

The euro area data shown on this page correspond to the economic and financial variables described on the International Monetary Fund's Dissemination Standards Bulletin Board (DSBB). For an extended explanation of the DSBB and the statistical standards, please click on DSBB Home Page.

Euro area data presented on this page are provided by Eurostat and the ECB . The source can be consulted by clicking on the data label, or on the link to the metadata in the "More info" column. More data are available in the Eurostat Data Navigation and the ECB Statistical Data Warehouse (SDW).

In January 2015 Lithuania joined the euro area, bringing the number of euro area countries to 19. Unless otherwise indicated, all data series including observations for 2015 relate to the ’Euro 19’ (i.e. the euro area including Lithuania) for the whole time series.

Unless otherwise indicated (SA), data are not seasonally adjusted.

Real sector
Fiscal sector
Financial sector
External sector
Socio-demographic Data

Last updated: 09/12/2016 11:07

SDDS Data Category and Component Unit Description Observations Growth rates More info
Period of latest data Latest Previous Previous period 1 Annual 2

Notes:

1.  % change from previous period to latest period
2.  % change from same period last year to latest period
3.  Data refer to the changing composition of the euro area
4.  Holders resident in the country whose government has issued the debt. Intergovernmental lending in the context of the financial crisis is consolidated.
5.  Includes residents of euro area countries other than the country whose government has issued the debt.
Real sector              
National Accounts               
Current price GDP by expenditure category              
GDP at market prices € billions (SA) Q3/16 2,683.0 2,671.6 0.4 2.5  
Household final consumption expenditure € billions (SA) Q3/16 1,467.4 1,461.1 0.4 1.9  
Government final consumption expenditure € billions (SA) Q3/16 558.2 554.1 0.7 2.9  
Gross fixed capital formation € billions (SA) Q3/16 536.0 533.5 0.5 3.9  
Change in inventories € billions (SA) Q3/16 -0.0 -1.5 - -  
Exports of goods and services € billions (SA) Q3/16 1,216.4 1,212.8 0.3 0.6  
Imports of goods and services € billions (SA) Q3/16 1,095.0 1,088.3 0.6 0.4  
Volume of GDP by expenditure category (in previous year's prices)              
GDP at market prices 2010 (SA) Q3/16 105.5 105.2 0.3 1.7  
Household final consumption expenditure 2010 (SA) Q3/16 102.7 102.4 0.3 1.6  
Government final consumption expenditure 2010 (SA) Q3/16 104.1 103.6 0.5 2.0  
Gross fixed capital formation 2010 (SA) Q3/16 103.2 103.0 0.2 3.0  
Exports of goods and services 2010 (SA) Q3/16 127.5 127.4 0.1 2.2  
Imports of goods and services 2010 (SA) Q3/16 121.2 121.0 0.2 2.9  
Industrial Production Index (excluding construction) 2010=100 (SA) Sep/16 104.8 105.6 -0.8 1.2  
Employment Persons (PERS) thousands (SA) Q2/16 153,183.6 152,637.8 0.4 1.4  
Unemployment              
Unemployment - Level Persons (PERS) thousands (SA) Oct/16 15,908.0 16,086.0 - -  
Unemployment - Rate (percentage of civilian workforce) Percent (SA) Oct/16 9.8 9.9 - -  
Hourly labour costs index 2012=100 (SA) Q2/16 105.1 105.1 0.1 0.9  
Consumer Price Index (HICP, harmonised index) 3 2015=100 Nov/16 100.8 100.9 - 0.6  
Producer Prices Index, domestic sales (excluding construction) 2010=100 Oct/16 102.7 101.9 0.8 -0.4  
Fiscal sector               
General Government operations              
Revenue (percentage of GDP) Percent Q2/16 46.3 46.4 - -  
Expenditure (percentage of GDP) Percent Q2/16 48.1 48.3 - -  
Of which interest payable (percentage of GDP) Percent Q2/16 2.3 2.3 - -  
Of which investment (percentage of GDP) Percent Q2/16 2.7 2.7 - -  
Balance (percentage of GDP) Percent Q2/16 -1.8 -1.9 - -  
General Government debt              
Gross outstanding debt Percent 2015 90.4 92.0 - -  
Debt in euro (percentage of GDP) Percent 2015 88.3 89.9 - -  
Debt in currencies other than euro (percentage of GDP) Percent 2015 2.1 2.1 - -  
Held by domestic creditors (percentage of GDP) 4 Percent 2015 45.6 45.1 - -  
Of which MFIs (percentage of GDP) Percent 2015 27.5 26.0 - -  
Of which other financial corporations (percentage of GDP) Percent 2015 12.8 13.3 - -  
Of which other resident sectors (percentage of GDP) Percent 2015 5.3 5.8 - -  
Debt held by other creditors (percentage of GDP) 5 Percent 2015 44.8 46.9 - -  
Financial sector 3              
Analytical accounts of the banking sector              
Monetary aggregates (M3) € billions (SA) Oct/16 11,232.3 11,242.4 - 4.4  
Domestic credit € billions (SA) Oct/16 17,101.1 17,040.5 - 4.2  
Credit to general government in the euro area € billions (SA) Oct/16 4,290.9 4,272.1 - 10.6  
Credit to other resident sectors in the euro area € billions (SA) Oct/16 12,810.2 12,768.4 - 2.3  
External assets € billions (SA) Oct/16 5,407.7 5,275.6 - 3.1  
External liabilities € billions (SA) Oct/16 4,294.5 4,105.0 - 13.5  
Analytical accounts of the central banks (Eurosystem)              
Currency in circulation € billions Oct/16 1,130.8 1,125.2 - 4.5  
Deposits at the Eurosystem of MFI residents in the euro area € billions Oct/16 3,211.2 3,174.9 - 47.1  
Credit € billions Oct/16 1,623.1 1,570.7 - -  
Credit to general government in the euro area € billions Oct/16 1,468.9 1,429.2 - -  
Credit to other resident sectors in the euro area € billions Oct/16 154.3 141.5 - -  
External assets € billions Oct/16 852.3 872.0 - 4.7  
External liabilities € billions Oct/16 263.0 264.0 - 29.6  
Interest Rates              
One-year interbank market Percent per annum Nov/16 -0.1 -0.1 - -  
Ten-year government bond yield on the secondary market Percent per annum Nov/16 1.2 0.8 - -  
External sector              
Balance of payments              
Net current account € billions (SA) Sep/16 25.3 29.1 - -  
Exports of goods € billions (SA) Sep/16 170.7 175.1 - -  
Exports of services € billions (SA) Sep/16 63.7 63.4 - -  
Imports of goods € billions (SA) Sep/16 140.4 144.4 - -  
Imports of services € billions (SA) Sep/16 59.0 58.7 - -  
Net primary income € billions (SA) Sep/16 4.2 6.4 - -  
Net secondary income € billions (SA) Sep/16 -14.0 -12.7 - -  
Net capital account € billions Sep/16 0.5 0.2 - -  
Financial account € billions Sep/16 60.6 35.7 - -  
Direct investment € billions Sep/16 7.6 46.5 - -  
Direct investment assets € billions Sep/16 -12.6 60.6 - -  
Direct investment liabilities € billions Sep/16 -20.2 14.1 - -  
Portfolio investment € billions Sep/16 45.4 34.2 - -  
Portfolio investment assets € billions Sep/16 44.1 38.8 - -  
Portfolio investment liabilities € billions Sep/16 -1.3 4.7 - -  
Financial derivatives € billions Sep/16 -2.3 -2.2 - -  
Other investment € billions Sep/16 3.1 -44.6 - -  
Other investment assets € billions Sep/16 -84.5 18.0 - -  
Other investment liabilities € billions Sep/16 -87.6 62.5 - -  
Reserve assets € billions Sep/16 6.8 1.8 - -  
International reserves and foreign currency liquidity (Eurosystem) 3              
Official reserve assets € billions Oct/16 717.3 727.0 - -  
Monetary gold € billions Oct/16 403.1 411.3 - -  
IMF reserve position € billions Oct/16 23.9 23.2 - -  
SDRs € billions Oct/16 51.4 51.2 - -  
Other reserve assets € billions Oct/16 238.9 241.3 - -  
Other foreign currency assets € billions Oct/16 36.4 33.9 - -  
Predetermined short-term net drains on foreign currency assets € billions Oct/16 -32.1 -33.7 - -  
Template on international reserves and foreign currency liquidity (European Central Bank) - Oct/16 - - - -  
Template on international reserves and foreign currency liquidity (Eurosystem) - Oct/16 - - - -  
Merchandise trade              
Exports € billions (SA) Sep/16 169.1 170.0 - -  
Imports € billions (SA) Sep/16 144.3 146.6 - -  
International investment position              
Total net international investment position € billions Q2/16 -881.9 -1,083.1 - -  
Direct investment € billions Q2/16 1,679.3 1,673.6 - -  
Direct investment assets € billions Q2/16 9,710.4 9,672.8 - -  
Direct investment liabilities € billions Q2/16 8,031.1 7,999.2 - -  
Portfolio investment € billions Q2/16 -2,715.5 -3,001.2 - -  
Equity and investment fund shares assets € billions Q2/16 2,982.4 2,875.7 - -  
Equity and investment fund shares liabilities € billions Q2/16 5,058.5 4,929.8 - -  
Debt securities assets € billions Q2/16 4,449.7 4,236.0 - -  
Debt securities liabilities € billions Q2/16 5,089.1 5,183.2 - -  
Other investment € billions Q2/16 -512.7 -409.0 - -  
Other investment assets € billions Q2/16 4,740.5 4,661.9 - -  
Other investment liabilities € billions Q2/16 5,253.2 5,070.9 - -  
Reserve assets € billions Q2/16 721.8 675.3 - -  
Gross external debt              
Gross external debt total € billions Q2/16 13,331.7 13,234.3 - -  
Exchange rates              
Euro foreign exchange reference rates              
Daily nominal effective exchange rate of the euro              
Socio-demographic Data              
Population (Total) Persons (PERS) millions 2015 339.0 338.0 0.3 0.3  
SDDS Data Category and Component Unit Description Observations Growth rates More info
Period of latest data Latest Previous Previous period 1 Annual 2

Notes:

1.  % change from previous period to latest period
2.  % change from same period last year to latest period
3.  Data refer to the changing composition of the euro area
4.  Holders resident in the country whose government has issued the debt. Intergovernmental lending in the context of the financial crisis is consolidated.
5.  Includes residents of euro area countries other than the country whose government has issued the debt.
Real sector              
National Accounts               
Current price GDP by expenditure category              
GDP at market prices € billions (SA) Q3/16 2,683.0 2,671.6 0.4 2.5  
Household final consumption expenditure € billions (SA) Q3/16 1,467.4 1,461.1 0.4 1.9  
Government final consumption expenditure € billions (SA) Q3/16 558.2 554.1 0.7 2.9  
Gross fixed capital formation € billions (SA) Q3/16 536.0 533.5 0.5 3.9  
Change in inventories € billions (SA) Q3/16 -0.0 -1.5 - -  
Exports of goods and services € billions (SA) Q3/16 1,216.4 1,212.8 0.3 0.6  
Imports of goods and services € billions (SA) Q3/16 1,095.0 1,088.3 0.6 0.4  
Volume of GDP by expenditure category (in previous year's prices)              
GDP at market prices 2010 (SA) Q3/16 105.5 105.2 0.3 1.7  
Household final consumption expenditure 2010 (SA) Q3/16 102.7 102.4 0.3 1.6  
Government final consumption expenditure 2010 (SA) Q3/16 104.1 103.6 0.5 2.0  
Gross fixed capital formation 2010 (SA) Q3/16 103.2 103.0 0.2 3.0  
Exports of goods and services 2010 (SA) Q3/16 127.5 127.4 0.1 2.2  
Imports of goods and services 2010 (SA) Q3/16 121.2 121.0 0.2 2.9  
Industrial Production Index (excluding construction) 2010=100 (SA) Sep/16 104.8 105.6 -0.8 1.2  
Employment Persons (PERS) thousands (SA) Q2/16 153,183.6 152,637.8 0.4 1.4  
Unemployment              
Unemployment - Level Persons (PERS) thousands (SA) Oct/16 15,908.0 16,086.0 - -  
Unemployment - Rate (percentage of civilian workforce) Percent (SA) Oct/16 9.8 9.9 - -  
Hourly labour costs index 2012=100 (SA) Q2/16 105.1 105.1 0.1 0.9  
Consumer Price Index (HICP, harmonised index) 3 2015=100 Nov/16 100.8 100.9 - 0.6  
Producer Prices Index, domestic sales (excluding construction) 2010=100 Oct/16 102.7 101.9 0.8 -0.4  
Fiscal sector               
General Government operations              
Revenue (percentage of GDP) Percent Q2/16 46.3 46.4 - -  
Expenditure (percentage of GDP) Percent Q2/16 48.1 48.3 - -  
Of which interest payable (percentage of GDP) Percent Q2/16 2.3 2.3 - -  
Of which investment (percentage of GDP) Percent Q2/16 2.7 2.7 - -  
Balance (percentage of GDP) Percent Q2/16 -1.8 -1.9 - -  
General Government debt              
Gross outstanding debt Percent 2015 90.4 92.0 - -  
Debt in euro (percentage of GDP) Percent 2015 88.3 89.9 - -  
Debt in currencies other than euro (percentage of GDP) Percent 2015 2.1 2.1 - -  
Held by domestic creditors (percentage of GDP) 4 Percent 2015 45.6 45.1 - -  
Of which MFIs (percentage of GDP) Percent 2015 27.5 26.0 - -  
Of which other financial corporations (percentage of GDP) Percent 2015 12.8 13.3 - -  
Of which other resident sectors (percentage of GDP) Percent 2015 5.3 5.8 - -  
Debt held by other creditors (percentage of GDP) 5 Percent 2015 44.8 46.9 - -  
Financial sector 3              
Analytical accounts of the banking sector              
Monetary aggregates (M3) € billions (SA) Oct/16 11,232.3 11,242.4 - 4.4  
Domestic credit € billions (SA) Oct/16 17,101.1 17,040.5 - 4.2  
Credit to general government in the euro area € billions (SA) Oct/16 4,290.9 4,272.1 - 10.6  
Credit to other resident sectors in the euro area € billions (SA) Oct/16 12,810.2 12,768.4 - 2.3  
External assets € billions (SA) Oct/16 5,407.7 5,275.6 - 3.1  
External liabilities € billions (SA) Oct/16 4,294.5 4,105.0 - 13.5  
Analytical accounts of the central banks (Eurosystem)              
Currency in circulation € billions Oct/16 1,130.8 1,125.2 - 4.5  
Deposits at the Eurosystem of MFI residents in the euro area € billions Oct/16 3,211.2 3,174.9 - 47.1  
Credit € billions Oct/16 1,623.1 1,570.7 - -  
Credit to general government in the euro area € billions Oct/16 1,468.9 1,429.2 - -  
Credit to other resident sectors in the euro area € billions Oct/16 154.3 141.5 - -  
External assets € billions Oct/16 852.3 872.0 - 4.7  
External liabilities € billions Oct/16 263.0 264.0 - 29.6  
Interest Rates              
One-year interbank market Percent per annum Nov/16 -0.1 -0.1 - -  
Ten-year government bond yield on the secondary market Percent per annum Nov/16 1.2 0.8 - -  
External sector              
Balance of payments              
Net current account € billions (SA) Sep/16 25.3 29.1 - -  
Exports of goods € billions (SA) Sep/16 170.7 175.1 - -  
Exports of services € billions (SA) Sep/16 63.7 63.4 - -  
Imports of goods € billions (SA) Sep/16 140.4 144.4 - -  
Imports of services € billions (SA) Sep/16 59.0 58.7 - -  
Net primary income € billions (SA) Sep/16 4.2 6.4 - -  
Net secondary income € billions (SA) Sep/16 -14.0 -12.7 - -  
Net capital account € billions Sep/16 0.5 0.2 - -  
Financial account € billions Sep/16 60.6 35.7 - -  
Direct investment € billions Sep/16 7.6 46.5 - -  
Direct investment assets € billions Sep/16 -12.6 60.6 - -  
Direct investment liabilities € billions Sep/16 -20.2 14.1 - -  
Portfolio investment € billions Sep/16 45.4 34.2 - -  
Portfolio investment assets € billions Sep/16 44.1 38.8 - -  
Portfolio investment liabilities € billions Sep/16 -1.3 4.7 - -  
Financial derivatives € billions Sep/16 -2.3 -2.2 - -  
Other investment € billions Sep/16 3.1 -44.6 - -  
Other investment assets € billions Sep/16 -84.5 18.0 - -  
Other investment liabilities € billions Sep/16 -87.6 62.5 - -  
Reserve assets € billions Sep/16 6.8 1.8 - -  
International reserves and foreign currency liquidity (Eurosystem) 3              
Official reserve assets € billions Oct/16 717.3 727.0 - -  
Monetary gold € billions Oct/16 403.1 411.3 - -  
IMF reserve position € billions Oct/16 23.9 23.2 - -  
SDRs € billions Oct/16 51.4 51.2 - -  
Other reserve assets € billions Oct/16 238.9 241.3 - -  
Other foreign currency assets € billions Oct/16 36.4 33.9 - -  
Predetermined short-term net drains on foreign currency assets € billions Oct/16 -32.1 -33.7 - -  
Template on international reserves and foreign currency liquidity (European Central Bank) - Oct/16 - - - -  
Template on international reserves and foreign currency liquidity (Eurosystem) - Oct/16 - - - -  
Merchandise trade              
Exports € billions (SA) Sep/16 169.1 170.0 - -  
Imports € billions (SA) Sep/16 144.3 146.6 - -  
International investment position              
Total net international investment position € billions Q2/16 -881.9 -1,083.1 - -  
Direct investment € billions Q2/16 1,679.3 1,673.6 - -  
Direct investment assets € billions Q2/16 9,710.4 9,672.8 - -  
Direct investment liabilities € billions Q2/16 8,031.1 7,999.2 - -  
Portfolio investment € billions Q2/16 -2,715.5 -3,001.2 - -  
Equity and investment fund shares assets € billions Q2/16 2,982.4 2,875.7 - -  
Equity and investment fund shares liabilities € billions Q2/16 5,058.5 4,929.8 - -  
Debt securities assets € billions Q2/16 4,449.7 4,236.0 - -  
Debt securities liabilities € billions Q2/16 5,089.1 5,183.2 - -  
Other investment € billions Q2/16 -512.7 -409.0 - -  
Other investment assets € billions Q2/16 4,740.5 4,661.9 - -  
Other investment liabilities € billions Q2/16 5,253.2 5,070.9 - -  
Reserve assets € billions Q2/16 721.8 675.3 - -  
Gross external debt              
Gross external debt total € billions Q2/16 13,331.7 13,234.3 - -  
Exchange rates              
Euro foreign exchange reference rates              
Daily nominal effective exchange rate of the euro              
Socio-demographic Data              
Population (Total) Persons (PERS) millions 2015 339.0 338.0 0.3 0.3