Research & Publications

Economic research

The ECB is engaged in a wide range of economic research activities. ECB economists provide models, tools and analyses to support policy making and better communicate policy to the markets and the public.

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ECB publications

The ECB publishes a wide range of regular and ad hoc reports and research papers. These publications offer a deeper insight into the ECB’s activities and explain the background to some of its decisions. Many of the ECB’s publications are also available in the official EU languages. To receive automatic updates of ECB publications, register for the RSS feed.

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ECB publications go green!

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All publications are available online and are no longer printed. Various publications, such as the Economic Bulletin and the Annual Report, are also available in e-Pub. This format optimises the content of online publications for handheld devices such as e-readers and tablet PCs.

Cover page of the Economic Bulletin

Economic Bulletin

The Economic Bulletin provides a comprehensive analysis of economic and monetary developments and interim updates on key indicators. Each issue includes other articles focusing on broader topics, as well as a statistical section.

Articles (by topic)
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Next publication: Issue 06/2015 on Thursday, 17 September 2015 at 10:00 CET

The first euros. The creation and issue of the first euro banknotes and the road to the Europa series.

The first euros. The creation and issue of the first euro banknotes and the road to the Europa series

A comprehensive insight into the history of euro banknotes, from their conception to the second series of notes, the Europa series, written by the former Director Banknotes of the European Central Bank.

The monetary policy of the ECB (Third edition, May 2011)

The monetary policy of the ECB (Third edition, May 2011)

A detailed 161-page description of the ECB’s monetary policy and its economic and institutional background.

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The European Central Bank, the Eurosystem, the European System of Central Banks (Edition 2011)

Price stability : Why is it important for you?

A 79-page, illustrated book on the importance of price stability, how it can be best achieved and how price stability supports sustainable economic growth and prosperity in the EU.

The payment system: payments, securities and derivatives, and the role of the Eurosystem

The payment system: payments, securities and derivatives, and the role of the Eurosystem

A comprehensive 370-page insight into the handling of financial transactions, the functioning of financial market infrastructure, and the role of the Eurosystem.

How the euro became our money. A short history of the euro banknotes and coin

How the euro became our money. A short history of the euro banknotes and coin

A 94-page, illustrated book on the development and introduction of the euro banknotes and coins.