Banknotes and coins production

These figures are updated annually.

Banknotes

Since 2002, euro banknotes have been produced jointly by the national central banks (NCBs) of the euro area. Each NCB is responsible for, and bears the costs of, a proportion of the total annual production in one or more denominations.

The annual production of euro banknotes needs to be sufficient to meet expected increases in demand, such as seasonal peaks, and to replace unfit banknotes. It also has to be able to cope with unexpected surges in demand. Production volumes for the years ahead are calculated on the basis of forecasts provided by the NCBs and a central forecast made by the ECB, thus combining national expertise with a euro area-wide perspective. The figures calculated need to be approved by the Governing Council of the ECB.

Coins

Responsibility for minting euro coins lies with the national governments of the euro area countries. However, the overall value of the coins to be put into circulation annually has to be approved by the Governing Council of the ECB.

Banknotes

2015

Denomination Quantity (in millions of banknotes) Value (€ millions) NCBs commissioning production
€5 600 3,000 BE, ES, PT
€10 1,200 12,000 EE, IE, GR, FR, CY, LU, MT, NL, AT, SI, SK, FI
€20 1,700 34,000 DE, FR, IT
€50 2,500 125,000 BE, DE, EE, ES, FR, IT, CY, LU, MT, NL, LV, PT, SI, SK, FI
€100 0 0
€200 0 0
€500 0 0
TOTAL 6,000 174,000  

2014

Denomination Quantity (in millions of banknotes) Value (€ millions) NCBs commissioning production
€5 825 4,125 BE, GR, ES, IE
€10 94 940 GR
€20 3,994 79,880 DE, ES, FR, IT, AT, PT
€50 2,800 140,000 BE, DE, CY, EE, ES, IT, MT, LU, NL, SI, SK, FI
€100 500 50,000 DE
€200 47 9,400 DE
€500 85 42,500 AT
TOTAL 8,345 326,845  

2013

Denomination Quantity (in millions of banknotes) Value (€ millions) NCBs commissioning production
€5 - - -
€10 4,500 45,000 DE, CY, EE, GR, ES, FR, IE, IT, MT, LU, NL, AT, SI, SK, FI
€20 2,500 50,000 DE, CY, EE, GR, FR, IT, MT, LU, NL, PT, SI, SK, FI
€50 1,000 50,000 BE, DE, ES
€100 - - -
€200 - - -
€500 - - -
TOTAL 8,000 145,000  

2012

Denomination Quantity (in millions of banknotes) Value (€ millions) NCBs commissioning production
€5 2,915.30 14,576.52 BE, ES, FR, IT, AT
€10 1,959.04 19,590.45 DE, GR, FR, IE, PT
€20 1,703.95 34,079.03 CY, EE, FR, IT, MT, LU, NL, SI, SK, FI
€50 1,530.43 76,521.70 BE, DE, ES, IT
€100 298.13 29,813.20 DE
€200 50.00 10,000.04 DE
€500 0.00 0.00 -
TOTAL 8,456.87 184,580.95  

2011

Denomination Quantity (in millions of banknotes) Value (€ millions) NCBs commissioning production
€5 1,714.80 8,574.00 DE, CY, ES, FR, IE, MT, LU, NL, SI, SK, FI
€10 1,541.20 15,412.00 DE, GR, FR, AT, PT
€20 536.60 10,732.00 CY, FR, MT, LU, NL, SI, SK, FI
€50 2,169.10 108,455.00 BE, DE, ES, IT
€100 0.00 0.00 -
€200 0.00 0.00 -
€500 56.20 28,100.00 AT
TOTAL 6,017.90 171,273.00  

2010

Denomination Quantity (in millions of banknotes) Value (€ millions) NCBs commissioning production
€5 1,309.90 6,549.50 ES, FR, NL, PT
€10 1,540.10 15,401.00 DE, GR, FR, IE, IT, AT
€20 1,898.00 37,960.00 DE, CY, FR, MT, LU, NL, SI, SK, FI
€50 1,700.00 85,000.00 BE, DE, ES, IT
€100 500.00 50,000.00 IT
€200 100.00 20,000.00 DE
€500 100.00 50,000.00 AT
TOTAL 7,148.00 264,910.50  

2009

Denomination Quantity (in millions of banknotes) Value (€ millions) NCBs commissioning production
€5 1,118.07 5,590.35 FR, NL
€10 1,352.95 13,529.50 DE, GR, FR, AT
€20 4,228.28 84,565.60 DE, CY, GR, ES, FR, IE, IT, MT, LU, NL, PT, SI, FI
€50 2,958.46 147,923.00 BE, DE, ES, IT
€100 1,043.65 104,365.00 DE, IT, AT
€200 - - -
€500 240.00 120,000.00 DE
TOTAL 10,941.41 475,973.45  

2008

Denomination Quantity (in millions of banknotes) Value (€ millions) NCBs commissioning production
€5 1,369.80 6,849.00 DE, ES, FR, PT
€10 2,130.20 21,302.00 DE, GR, FR, AT
€20 1,755.30 35,106.00 ES, FR, IE, IT, LU, NL, SI, FI
€50 1,059.90 52,995.00 BE, DE, ES, IT, NL
€100 130.00 13,000.00 IT
€200 - - -
€500 - - -
TOTAL 6,445.20 129,252.00  

2007

Denomination Quantity (in millions of banknotes) Value (€ millions) NCBs commissioning production
€5 980 4,900 DE, ES, FR
€10 1,280 12,800 DE, GR, FR, NL, AT
€20 1,890 37,800 GR, ES, FR, IE, IT, PT, FI
€50 1,730 86,500 BE, DE, ES, IT
€100 230 23,000 IT, LU, NL
€200 - - -
€500 190 95,000 DE
TOTAL 6,300 260,000  

2006

Denomination Quantity (in millions of banknotes) Value (€ millions) NCBs commissioning production
€5 1,080 5,400 ES, FR, IE, AT, FI
€10 1,780 17,800 DE, GR, FR, NL
€20 1,940 38,800 DE, ES, FR, IT, PT
€50 1,920 96,000 BE, DE, ES, IT, NL
€100 280 28,000 IT, LU, AT
€200 - - -
€500 - - -
TOTAL 7,000 186,000  

2005

Denomination Quantity (in millions of banknotes) Value (€ millions) NCBs commissioning production
€5 530 2,650 FR
€10 1,020 10,200 DE, GR, IE, AT
€20 700 14,000 ES, FR, NL, PT, FI
€50 1,100 55,000 BE, DE, ES, IT, NL
€100 90 9,000 IT
€200 - - -
€500 190 95,000 DE, LU
TOTAL 3,630 185,850  

2004

Denomination Quantity (in millions of banknotes) Value (€ millions) NCBs commissioning production
€5 - - -
€10 378 3,780 DE, FR, GR, IE, AT
€20 290 5,794 FR, PT
€50 683 34,160 BE, DE, ES, IT, NL
€100 124 12,450 IT, FI
€200 - - -
€500 104 51,800 DE, LU
TOTAL 1,579 107,984  

2003

Denomination Quantity (in millions of banknotes) Value (€ millions) NCBs commissioning production
€5 110 550 FR
€10 999 9,991 DE, GR, IE, AT
€20 1,071 21,422 DE, ES, FR, NL, PT
€50 657 32,850 BE, ES, IT, NL
€100 122 12,200 IT, FI
€200 133 26,600 DE, LU
€500 - - -
TOTAL 3,092 103,613  

2002

Denomination Quantity (in millions of banknotes) Value (€ millions) NCBs commissioning production
€5 1,131 5,655 FR, NL, AT, PT
€10 1,045 10,450 DE, GR, IE
€20 1,555 31,100 ES, FR, IT, FI
€50 742 37,100 BE, ES, NL
€100 307 30,700 IT, LU
€200 - - -
€500 - - -
TOTAL 4,780 115,005  

Coins

This table shows only the production breakdown for the respective cash changeover (in million of coins).
Country (changeover) 1 cent 2 cent 10 cent 20 cent 50 cent € 1 € 2 Total
Differences are due to rounding. The countries are listed in alphabetical order in their own language.
Belgium (2002) 335 337 300 327 181 197 160 120 1,957
Germany (2002) 3,700 1,800 2,300 3,300 1,600 1,600 1,700 1,000 17,000
Greece (2002) 73 143 240 214 309 121 98 136 1,333
Spain (2002) 811 1,500 1,083 901 901 1,264 435 190 7,085
Estonia (2011) 32 30 30 30 25 20 16 11 194
France (2002) 1,700 1,500 1,130 1,080 800 650 820 470 8,150
Ireland (2002) 277 176 144 114 138 82 102 45 1,078
Italy (2002) 1,000 900 1,380 900 1,400 1,100 950 310 7,940
Cyprus (2008) 26 100 60 70 65 30 28 16 395
Lithuania (2015) 25 35 40 35 35 60 70 70 370
Latvia (2014) 120 80 50 40 35 25 30 20 400
Luxembourg (2002) 20 20 20 20 10 10 10 10 120
Malta (2008) 10 36 34 41 40 15 14 10 200
Netherlands (2002) 500 400 600 500 220 250 170 160 2,800
Austria (2002) 350 210 140 400 190 160 200 150 1,800
Portugal (2002) 232 272 196 220 116 152 68 40 1,296
Slovakia (2009) 84.4 74 78 68 63 54 42.6 35 499
Slovenia (2007) 45 44 44 43 37 32 30 21 296
Finland (2002) 2 2 361 296 211 71 60 50 1,052