ECB surveys

ECB surveys provide useful information on diverse topics for which no other harmonised statistics exist.

They include the Household Finance and Consumption Survey (HFCS), the Survey on the Access to Finance of Enterprises (SAFE), the Bank Lending Survey (BLS) and the Survey of Professional Forecasters (SPF).

These surveys provide important insights into various issues, such as:

  • micro-level information on euro area households’ assets and liabilities
  • financing conditions faced by small and medium-sized enterprises
  • lending policies of euro area banks
  • expectations for the rates of inflation and other macroeconomic variables