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Publications on Banknotes and coins

23/07/2015
Memorandum of Understanding on adapting banknote equipment to the new €20 banknote Press release:
26/03/2015
The first euros. The creation and issue of the first euro banknotes and the road to the Europa series
A comprehensive insight into the history of euro banknotes, from their conception to the second series of notes, the Europa series, written by the former Director Banknotes of the European Central Bank.

14/04/2011
Article: The use of euro banknotes - results of two surveys among households and firms
Monthly Bulletin 4/2011
21/04/2009
Article, Annual Report, 2008, p. 118-122, Banknotes and coins
21/04/2009
Article, Annual Report, 2008 p. 145-146, The cash changeover in Slovakia
29/05/2008
Article: Euro banknotes – A tangible symbol of integration
Monthly Bulletin 5/2008
21/04/2008
Article, Annual Report, 2007, p. 113-117, Banknotes and coins
21/04/2008
Article, Annual Report, 2007, p. 141-142, The cash changeover in Cyprus and Malta
11/10/2007
Article: Circulation and supply of euro banknotes and preparations for the second series of banknotes
Monthly Bulletin 10/2007
23/04/2007
Article, Annual Report, 2006, p.106-110, Banknotes and coins,
23/04/2007
Article, Annual Report, 2006, p. 132-133, The Slovenian cash changeover
12/04/2007
How the euro became our money. A short history of the euro banknotes and coins
21/12/2006
Extension of the transmission period laid down in the ECB Banknote Recycling Framework for six euro area countries
07/08/2006
Implementation of banknote recycling framework
25/04/2006
Article, Annual Report, 2005, p.100-104, Banknotes and coins
13/01/2006
Data collection from credit institutions and other professional cash handlers under the Framework for banknote recycling [online only]
11/08/2005
Article: The euro banknotes: developments and future challenges
Monthly Bulletin 8/2005
26/04/2005
Article, Annual Report, 2004, p.94-98, Banknotes and coins
06/01/2005
Recycling of euro banknotes : framework for the detection of counterfeits and fitness sorting by credit institutions and other professional cash handlers
[online only]
Press release:
12/08/2004
Article: Euro banknotes: first years of experience
Monthly Bulletin 8/2004
27/04/2004
Article, Annual Report, 2003, p.92-96, Banknotes and coins
01/09/2003
Catalogue of the Euro design exhibition
17/07/2003
Article: Early experience of the management of Euro banknote printing and issuance
Monthly Bulletin 7/2003
10/04/2003
Article, Annual Report 2002, p.129-136, Production and issue of banknotes
23/01/2003
Article: The demand for currency in the euro area and the impact of the euro cash changeover
Monthly Bulletin 1/2003
29/10/2002
The euro banknotes and coins, leaflet, (security features, national sides of coins, technical specifications)
30/06/2002
The euro banknotes and coins, brochure (first published July 1999)
24/05/2002
The Eurosystem's terms of reference for the use of cash- recycling machines by credit institutions and other euro area institutions engaged in the sorting and distribution of banknotes to the public as a professional activity
09/05/2002
Article: Implications of the euro cash changeover on the development of banknotes and coins in circulation
Monthly Bulletin 5/2002
10/04/2002
Evaluation of the 2002 cash changeover Press release:
01/04/2002
Article, Annual Report 2001, p.113-119, The cash changeover and the production and issue of Euro banknotes
24/01/2002
Article: Euro banknote preparations: from cash changeover to post-launch activities
Monthly Bulletin 1/2002
18/10/2001
Article: The euro cash changeover in markets outside the euro area
Monthly Bulletin 10/2001
01/05/2001
Article, Annual Report 2000, p.127-134, Production of the Euro banknotes and coins and preparations for the cash changeover
19/04/2001
Article: The introduction of Euro banknotes and coins
Monthly Bulletin 4/2001
01/04/2000
Article, Annual Report 1999, p.105-110, The production of the Euro banknotes and preparations for the cash changeover
09/11/1999
Report on the legal protection of banknotes in the EU Member States Press release:
01/04/1999
Article, Annual Report 1998, p.84-86, The development of the Euro banknotes and the preparations for the cash changeover