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Consolidated financial statement of the Eurosystem as at 20 March 2009

24 March 2009

Items not related to monetary policy operations

In the week ending 20 March 2009 the decrease of EUR 13 million in gold and gold receivables (asset item 1) reflected the sale of gold by two Eurosystem central banks (consistent with the Central Bank Gold Agreement that came into effect on 27 September 2004).

The net position of the Eurosystem in foreign currency (asset items 2 and 3 minus liability items 7, 8 and 9) decreased by EUR 2.4 billion to EUR 281 billion on account of customer and portfolio transactions and US dollar liquidity-providing operations.

Extraordinary transactions not related to monetary policy operations

Value date Type of transaction Maturing amount New amount
18 March 2009 7-day Swiss franc liquidity-providing EUR/CHF foreign exchange swap CHF 34.8 billion CHF 36.4 billion
19 March 2009 7-day US dollar liquidity-providing reverse transaction USD 81.9 billion USD 79.8 billion

The liquidity-providing transactions were conducted by the Eurosystem in connection with the temporary reciprocal currency arrangements (swap lines) that the European Central Bank has with the Swiss National Bank and with the Federal Reserve System. The EUR/CHF foreign exchange swap operation had no effect on the net position of the Eurosystem in foreign currency.

The holdings by the Eurosystem of marketable securities of euro area residents denominated in euro (asset item 7) increased by EUR 1.3 billion to EUR 289.5 billion. Banknotes in circulation (liability item 1) decreased by EUR 0.5 billion to EUR 745.8 billion. Liabilities to general government (liability item 5.1) increased by EUR 12.5 billion to EUR 136.9 billion.

Items related to monetary policy operations

The Eurosystem’s net lending to credit institutions (asset item 5 minus liability items 2.2, 2.3, 2.4, 2.5 and 4) decreased by EUR 2.8 billion to EUR 615.6 billion. On Wednesday, 18 March 2009, a main refinancing operation of EUR 227.7 billion matured and a new one of EUR 226.1 billion was settled.

Recourse to the marginal lending facility (asset item 5.5) was EUR 1.2 billion (compared with EUR 0.3 billion in the previous week), while recourse to the deposit facility (liability item 2.2) was EUR 63.9 billion (compared with EUR 61.8 billion in the preceding week).

Current accounts of euro area credit institutions

As a result of all transactions, the current account position of credit institutions with the Eurosystem (liability item 2.1) decreased by EUR 15.7 billion to EUR 228.6 billion.