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诗歌

(廣義),一般認為是一種內容與形式高度結合統一,并體現出“美感”、適宜吟詠的文學形式。詩能夠自成一格,也能與其他藝術相結合,如詩劇、聖詩、歌詞或散文詩,文字配上音樂則稱為歌。「詩」根源於簡潔、有力地想像覺察,或與經驗、想法、情緒反應作聯想,將意義、意識和潛意識的表現、象徵化、正式或非正式的式樣、聲音和韻律等以某種規則加以重組安排。這種文學類型包含敘述性、戲劇性、諷刺性、訓誡式、情色和個人形式[1]

詩是一門歷史悠久的藝術。早期企圖界定詩歌的有亞里斯多德的《詩學》,主要聚焦於修辭以及戲劇、歌曲與喜劇中措辭的運用。後來人們認為詩的特點在於可以吟誦,以及如字句段落的格式與韻律的要求,並強調詩的美感,稱為韻文,以此與散文相區別。至二十世紀中期,詩的定義轉為寬鬆,即以語言作的基本創作。

From zh.wikipaedia.org

Poetry

Poetry (generalized), generally considered to be a combination of content and form highly uniform and reflect the "beauty", suitable literary form chant. Poetry can be sui generis, but also in combination with other arts, such as drama, hymns, lyrics, or prose, words to music then known songs. "Poetry" is rooted in simple, powerful imagination perceive, or experience, ideas, emotional reactions as Lenovo, the significance of the performance of the conscious and subconscious, symbolic, formal or informal style, sound and rhythm to certain rules, such as to restructuring arrangements. "

This type contains descriptive literature, drama, satire, sermon style, erotic and personal form [1]. Poetry is a historic art. Early attempts to define poetry has Aristotle's "Poetics", mainly focused on rhetoric and drama, song and comedy in the use of language. Later, the characteristics of people think that you can recite poetry, as well as the requirements of such words and rhythm format paragraphs, and emphasized the beauty of poetry, called the verse, in order to distinguish and prose. To the mid-twentieth century, turned loose definition of poetry, that is the basic language for authoring.

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