Menu
  • Publication
    Financial stability after the coronavirus shock

    The pandemic continues to dominate the outlook for financial stability. Near-term risks have been contained by massive policy support, however vulnerabilities have increased and authorities face difficult decisions on the extension of policy schemes and increased debt burdens.

Our response to the coronavirus pandemic
24 November 2020 SPEECH

Pandemic reinforces challenges for central banks

Central banks were already facing structural changes in the economy affecting the conduct of monetary policy before the pandemic, says Executive Board member Isabel Schnabel at a Bank of Finland listens event. The coronavirus crisis has reinforced many of these challenges.

25 November 2020 INTERVIEW

Reflecting on the impact of the pandemic

Executive Board member Yves Mersch discusses the effects of the coronavirus on the euro area economy and on Europe’s banks in an interview with the Financial Times. He also looks back on his experiences as a member of the ECB’s Governing Council since joining in 1998.

24/11/2020
Philip R. Lane: IMF Policy dialogue: New policy frameworks for a "Lower-for-Longer" world
24/11/2020
Isabel Schnabel: COVID-19 and monetary policy: Reinforcing prevailing challenges
Speech by Isabel Schnabel, Member of the Executive Board of the ECB, at The Bank of Finland Monetary Policy webinar: New Challenges to Monetary Policy Strategies
23/11/2020
Isabel Schnabel: Shifting tides in euro area money markets: from the global financial crisis to the COVID-19 pandemic
Speech by Isabel Schnabel, Member of the Executive Board of the ECB, at the ECB Conference on Money Markets, 23 November 2020
20/11/2020
Christine Lagarde: Fostering sustainable growth in Europe
Keynote speech by Christine Lagarde, President of the ECB, at the European Banking Congress
19/11/2020
Isabel Schnabel: COVID-19 and the liquidity crisis of non-banks: lessons for the future
Speech by Isabel Schnabel, Member of the Executive Board of the ECB, Financial Stability Conference on “Stress, Contagion, and Transmission” organised by the Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland and the Office of Financial Research

All speeches

25/11/2020
Yves Mersch: Interview with Financial Times
Interview with Yves Mersch, Member of the Executive Board of the ECB and Vice-Chair of the Supervisory Board of the ECB, conducted by Martin Arnold on 23 November 2020
22/11/2020
Philip R. Lane: Interview with Les Echos
Interview with Philip R. Lane, Member of the Executive Board of the ECB, conducted by Guillaume Benoit, Elsa Conesa and Sophie Rolland
English
OTHER LANGUAGES (1) +
Select your language
21/11/2020
Yves Mersch: Interview with Börsen-Zeitung
Interview with Yves Mersch, Member of the Executive Board of the ECB and Vice-Chair of the Supervisory Board of the ECB, conducted by Kai Johannsen and published on 21 November 2020
English
OTHER LANGUAGES (1) +
Select your language
17/11/2020
Isabel Schnabel: Interview with CNBC
Interview with Isabel Schnabel, Member of the Executive Board of the ECB, conducted by Annette Weisbach, CNBC, on 12 November and aired on 13 November
17/11/2020
Christine Lagarde: Interview with The New York Times
Interview with Christine Lagarde, President of the ECB, conducted by Alison Smale and Jack Ewing on 10 November 2020

All interviews

20/10/2020
Isabel Schnabel: Don’t take it for granted: the value of high-quality data and statistics for the ECB’s policymaking
Blog post by Isabel Schnabel, Member of the Executive Board of the ECB

Summary

High-quality data and statistics provide indispensable input for sound policy decisions, including at the ECB, writes Executive Board member Isabel Schnabel. Today’s World Statistics Day reminds us of the importance of data we can trust.

02/10/2020
Fabio Panetta: We must be prepared to issue a digital euro
Blog post by Fabio Panetta, Member of the Executive Board of the ECB

Summary

We should be ready to issue a digital euro if and when it is necessary, writes Executive Board member Fabio Panetta. The euro is a currency that Europeans trust. We need to make sure that it is fit for the future.

11/09/2020
Philip R. Lane: The outlook for the euro area
Blog post by Philip R. Lane, Member of the Executive Board of the ECB

Summary

Our current measures are providing crucial support to the economic recovery in the euro area, writes Chief Economist Philip R. Lane. But there is no room for complacency as inflation remains far below the aim and risks continue to be tilted to the downside.

02/09/2020
Luis de Guindos, Fabio Panetta, Isabel Schnabel: Europe needs a fully fledged capital markets union – now more than ever
Blog post by Luis de Guindos, Vice-President of the ECB, and Fabio Panetta and Isabel Schnabel, Members of the Executive Board of the ECB

Summary

The coronavirus crisis makes progress on capital markets union even more important, write Luis de Guindos, Fabio Panetta and Isabel Schnabel. In the light of the European Commission’s forthcoming Action Plan, they outline priority areas for reform to foster European capital markets.

19/08/2020
Fabio Panetta, Isabel Schnabel: The provision of euro liquidity through the ECB’s swap and repo operations
Blog post by Fabio Panetta and Isabel Schnabel, Members of the Executive Board of the ECB

Summary

The ECB’s swap and repo lines are essential stabilising tools in the coronavirus crisis. In a joint Blog post, Executive Board members Fabio Panetta and Isabel Schnabel explain how these tools reduce funding risks, prevent financial contagion and support the euro’s use in global transactions.

All blog posts

25 November 2020 PODCAST

A cyclist’s guide to financial stability

What do cycling and financial stability have in common? How has the pandemic affected the financial system and the economy? What risks lie ahead? Our host Michael Steen discusses these questions and more with ECB economists John Fell and Tamarah Shakir.

PUBLIC CONSULTATION

Digital euro: have your say!

Like the euro we already use every day, the design of a digital euro should meet the needs of a broad range of users. That’s why we want to hear the views of the public and of all interested stakeholders on the benefits and challenges of issuing a digital euro and on its possible design.

Interest rates

Marginal lending facility 0.25 %
Main refinancing operations (fixed rate) 0.00 %
Deposit facility − 0.50 %
Effective from 18 September 2019

Inflation rate

Full inflation chart
Inflation dashboard

Reference rates

USD US dollar 1.1890
JPY Japanese yen 124.19
GBP Pound sterling 0.89129
CHF Swiss franc 1.0835
Last update: Wednesday, 25 November 2020 Euro foreign exchange rates

Multimedia

  • ECB Governing Council Press Conference - 10 September 2020

    ECB Governing Council Press Conference - 10 September 2020

  • ECB Governing Council Press Conference - 16 July 2020

    ECB Governing Council Press Conference - 16 July 2020

  • ECB Governing Council Press Conference - 04 June 2020

    ECB Governing Council Press Conference - 04 June 2020

  • Join a Youth Dialogue with Christine Lagarde

    Join a Youth Dialogue with Christine Lagarde

  • ECB Governing Council Press Conference - 30 April 2020

    ECB Governing Council Press Conference - 30 April 2020

  • Christine Lagarde, President of the ECB, signing the euro banknotes, 28 November 2019

    Christine Lagarde, President of the ECB, signing the euro banknotes, 28 November 2019

  • The ECB explains: crypto-assets

    The ECB explains: crypto-assets

  • ECB Forum on Central Banking 2019

    ECB Forum on Central Banking 2019

  • Download the ECB Art App

    Download the ECB Art App

  • Travelogue: ECB Executive Board member Benoît Cœuré visiting Vorwerk factory in Cloyes-sur-le-Loir

    Travelogue: ECB Executive Board member Benoît Cœuré visiting Vorwerk factory in Cloyes-sur-le-Loir

  • ECB Press Conference - 10 September 2020

  • ECB Press Conference - 16 July 2020

  • ECB Press Conference - 04 June 2020

  • Youth Dialogue with Christine Lagarde - 27 May 2020

  • ECB Press Conference - 30 April 2020

  • New signature for euro banknotes - 28 November 2019

  • Christine Lagarde's Keynote Speech - European Banking Congress 2019

  • Farewell President Draghi - 28 October 2019

  • ECB Conference on Gender and Career Progression - 21 October 2019

  • ECB Press Conference - 24 October 2019

  • The international role of the euro, June 2018 - cover image

    The international role of the euro, June 2018

  • Financial integration in Europe, May 2018 - cover image

    Financial integration in Europe, May 2018

  • Price and wage-setting in advanced economies - cover image

    Price and wage-setting in advanced economies

  • ESCB Legal Conference 2018 - cover image

    ESCB Legal Conference 2018

  • Legal framework of the Eurosystem and the European System of Central Banks. ECB legal acts and instruments - cover image

    Legal framework of the Eurosystem and the European System of Central Banks. ECB legal acts and instruments

  • Statistics for Economic and Monetary Union. Enhancements and new directions, 2003-12, by Peter Bull - cover image

    Statistics for Economic and Monetary Union. Enhancements and new directions, 2003-12, by Peter Bull

  • The monetary policy of the ECB - cover image

    The monetary policy of the ECB

  • The payment system – payments, securities and derivatives, and the role of the Eurosystem in this field - cover image

    The payment system – payments, securities and derivatives, and the role of the Eurosystem in this field