Harmonised competitiveness indicators based on consumer price indices: October 2013

(period averages - index 1999 Q1=100)

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 Euro areaBEDEEEIEGRESFRITCYLVLTLUMTNLATPTSISKFI

Notes:

  1.  For the euro area, the real effective exchange rate of the euro vis-à-vis 38 trading partners is displayed. For euro area countries, the table shows the harmonised competitiveness indicators calculated vis-à-vis these same trading partners plus the other euro area countries. A positive change points to a decrease in price competitiveness. For further information please refer to the explanatory note.
1. Period average97.8101.991.7126.5107.7102.9109.895.5101.2106.4113.4130.4108.7108.0101.996.7102.7102.6194.495.9
2. Percentage change versus previous period0.40.30.20.10.60.00.10.30.3-0.30.30.10.00.50.20.20.00.00.00.5
3. Percentage change versus previous year4.92.33.33.02.4-0.71.22.22.31.1-0.51.41.42.83.22.40.71.81.63.4
4. Percentage change since December 1998-4.50.9-9.824.85.43.89.3-5.60.24.615.735.07.58.61.0-4.12.22.294.6-5.7

The purpose of harmonised competitiveness indicators (HCIs) is to provide consistent and comparable measures of euro area countries' price and cost competitiveness that are also consistent with the real effective exchange rates (EERs) of the euro.

The HCIs are constructed using the same methodology and data sources that are used for the euro EERs. While the HCI of a specific country takes into account both intra and extra-euro area trade, however, the euro EERs are based on extra-euro area trade only. Therefore, the HCIs and euro EERs reflect different phenomena and are not directly comparable. The HCIs complement other competitiveness indicators published by some NCBs which may follow different methodologies and, in some cases, use different price and cost measures in order to account for the specific circumstances in the respective country.

User support
Euro area - European Central Bank
statistics@ecb.europa.eu
DE - Deutsche Bundesbank
effektive-wechselkurse@bundesbank.de
 Euro areaBEDEEEIEGRESFRITCYLVLTLUMTNLATPTSISKFI

Notes:

  1.  For the euro area, the real effective exchange rate of the euro vis-à-vis 38 trading partners is displayed. For euro area countries, the table shows the harmonised competitiveness indicators calculated vis-à-vis these same trading partners plus the other euro area countries. A positive change points to a decrease in price competitiveness. For further information please refer to the explanatory note.
1. Period average97.8101.991.7126.5107.7102.9109.895.5101.2106.4113.4130.4108.7108.0101.996.7102.7102.6194.495.9
2. Percentage change versus previous period0.40.30.20.10.60.00.10.30.3-0.30.30.10.00.50.20.20.00.00.00.5
3. Percentage change versus previous year4.92.33.33.02.4-0.71.22.22.31.1-0.51.41.42.83.22.40.71.81.63.4
4. Percentage change since December 1998-4.50.9-9.824.85.43.89.3-5.60.24.615.735.07.58.61.0-4.12.22.294.6-5.7