In the week ending 4 January 2013 the decrease of EUR 40.4 billion in gold and gold receivables (asset item 1) reflected quarterly revaluation adjustments.
The net position of the Eurosystem in foreign currency (asset items 2 and 3 minus liability items 7, 8 and 9) decreased by EUR 7.5 billion to EUR 218.8 billion. This change was due to the effects of the quarterly revaluation of assets and liabilities, the customer and portfolio transactions carried out by Eurosystem central banks during the period under review and US dollar liquidity-providing operations (see below).
US dollar liquidity operations
|Value date||Type of transaction||Maturing amount||New amount|
|3 January 2013||14-day US dollar liquidity-providing reverse transaction||USD 0.6 billion|
|3 January 2013||7-day US dollar liquidity-providing reverse transaction||USD 1 billion|
|3 January 2013||84-day US dollar liquidity providing reverse transactions||USD 1.1 billion||USD 0.9 billion|
The liquidity-providing transactions were conducted by the Eurosystem in connection with the temporary reciprocal currency arrangement (swap line) that the European Central Bank has with the Federal Reserve System.
The holdings by the Eurosystem of marketable securities other than those held for monetary policy purposes (asset item 7.2) decreased by EUR 0.3 billion to EUR 308 billion. Banknotes in circulation (liability item 1) fell by EUR 9.3 billion to EUR 904.4 billion. Liabilities to general government (liability item 5.1) decreased by EUR 11.4 billion to EUR 96.9 billion.
The Eurosystem’s net lending to credit institutions (asset item 5 minus liability items 2.2, 2.3, 2.4, 2.5 and 4) decreased by EUR 13.8 billion to EUR 655.3 billion. On Thursday, 3 January 2013, a main refinancing operation of EUR 89.7 billion matured and a new one of EUR 81.1 billion was settled. On the same day, fixed-term deposits in an amount of EUR 197.6 billion matured and new deposits were collected in the amount of EUR 208.5 billion, with a maturity of six days.
Recourse to the marginal lending facility (asset item 5.5) was EUR 0.1 billion (compared with EUR 3.2 billion in the previous week), while recourse to the deposit facility (liability item 2.2) was EUR 252.6 billion (compared with EUR 261.7 billion in the preceding week).
The holdings by the Eurosystem of securities held for monetary policy purposes (asset item 7.1) increased marginally by EUR 0.1 billion to EUR 276.9 billion due to quarter-end adjustments. Therefore, in the week ending 4 January 2013 the value of accumulated purchases under the Securities Markets Programme amounted to EUR 208.7 billion, while those of the portfolios held under the first and second covered bond purchase programmes totalled EUR 51.8 billion and EUR 16.4 billion respectively. All three portfolios are accounted for on a held-to-maturity basis.
As a result of all transactions, the current account position of credit institutions with the Eurosystem (liability item 2.1) increased by EUR 6.2 billion to EUR 462.3 billion.
In line with the Eurosystem’s harmonised accounting rules, gold, foreign exchange, securities holdings and financial instruments of the Eurosystem are revalued at market rates and prices as at the end of each quarter. The net impact of the revaluation on each balance sheet item as at 31 December 2012 is shown in the additional column “ Difference compared with last week due to quarter-end adjustments”. The gold price and the principal exchange rates used for the revaluation of balances were as follows:
Gold: EUR 1,261.179 per fine oz.
USD: 1.3194 per EUR
JPY: 113.61 per EUR
Special drawing rights: EUR 1.1657 per SDR
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