In the week ending 18 May 2012 the decrease of EUR 1 million in gold and gold receivables (asset item 1) mainly reflected the sale of gold coin by one Eurosystem central bank.
The net position of the Eurosystem in foreign currency (asset items 2 and 3 minus liability items 7, 8 and 9) increased by EUR 0.2 billion to EUR 224.9 billion on account of customer and portfolio transactions and US dollar liquidity-providing operations (see below).
US dollar liquidity operations
|Value date||Type of transaction||Maturing amount||New amount|
|17 May 2012||7-day US dollar liquidity-providing reverse transaction||USD 0.3 billion||USD 0.3 billion|
The liquidity-providing transactions were conducted by the Eurosystem in connection with the temporary reciprocal currency arrangement (swap line) that the European Central Bank has with the Federal Reserve System.
The holdings by the Eurosystem of marketable securities other than those held for monetary policy purposes (asset item 7.2) decreased by EUR 1.1 billion to EUR 324.5 billion. Banknotes in circulation (liability item 1) increased by EUR 3.1 billion to EUR 878.3 billion. Liabilities to general government (liability item 5.1) increased by EUR 14.3 billion to EUR 114 billion.
The Eurosystem’s net lending to credit institutions (asset item 5 minus liability items 2.2, 2.3, 2.4, 2.5 and 4) decreased by EUR 23.5 billion to EUR 122.3 billion. On Wednesday, 16 May 2012, a main refinancing operation of EUR 39.3 billion matured and a new one of EUR 43 billion was settled. On the same day, fixed-term deposits in an amount of EUR 214 billion matured and new deposits in the same amount were collected.
Recourse to the marginal lending facility (asset item 5.5) was EUR 0.8 billion (compared with EUR 1.6 billion in the previous week), while recourse to the deposit facility (liability item 2.2) was EUR 789.7 billion (compared with EUR 763.1 billion in the preceding week).
The holdings by the Eurosystem of securities held for monetary policy purposes (asset item 7.1) decreased by EUR 1.8 billion to EUR 280.2 billion. This decrease was due to the redemption of securities under the Securities Markets Programme, which more than offset the purchases settled under the second covered bond purchase programme during the week. Therefore, in the week ending 18 May 2012 the value of accumulated purchases under the Securities Markets Programme amounted to EUR 212.1 billion, while those of the portfolios held under the first and second covered bond purchase programmes totalled EUR 56.6 billion and EUR 11.5 billion respectively. All three portfolios are accounted for on a held-to-maturity basis.
As a result of all transactions, the current account position of credit institutions with the Eurosystem (liability item 2.1) decreased by EUR 44.3 billion to EUR 102.5 billion.
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