The European Central Bank (ECB) maintains this website to enhance public access to information about its activities and the activities of the European System of Central Banks (ESCB). Our goal is to keep this information timely and accurate. However, the ECB accepts no responsibility or liability whatsoever with regard to the material on this website.
While the euro foreign exchange reference rates and other price information published on this website are based on sources which the ECB considers to be reliable, the ECB accepts no responsibility or liability for any losses incurred in connection with any decision made or action or inaction on the part of any party in reliance upon such publication. In particular, the ECB does not accept any responsibility or liability for any economic loss or any indirect or consequential loss or damage including, without limitation, loss of business and loss of profits, as a direct or indirect consequence of, or in connection with, the ECB publishing the reference rates or other price information, including the frequency of such publication or the use of the reference rates and other price information by any person.
Please note that documents or other information available on this website are not guaranteed to exactly reproduce officially adopted texts. Only ECB legal instruments as published in the paper editions of the Official Journal of the European Union and published paper versions of other ECB documentation and/or data are deemed to be authentic.
It is our goal to minimise disruption caused by technical errors. However, the ECB cannot guarantee that its service will not be interrupted or otherwise affected by such problems. The ECB accepts no responsibility with regard to any problems occurring as a result of using this website or any linked external websites.
This disclaimer is not intended to limit the ECB’s liability in contravention of any requirements laid down in applicable national law or to exclude its liability for matters which cannot be excluded under such law.
If you access any part of the ECB’s website, you will be deemed to have accepted the foregoing.back to top
Copyright © for the entire content of this website: European Central Bank, Frankfurt am Main, Germany.
Subject to the exception below, users of the ECB's website may make free use of the information obtained directly from it subject to the following conditions:
As an exception to the above, any reproduction, publication or reprint, in whole or in part, of documents that bear the name of their author(s), such as ECB Working Papers and ECB Occasional Papers, in the form of a different publication, whether printed or produced electronically is permitted only with the explicit prior written authorisation of the ECB or the author(s).back to top
The ECB is aware that its name and logo are increasingly being misused by various third parties in connection with fake financial transactions and other fraudulent activities. In some cases, the ECB is even specified as the bank through which payments or transactions will be made.
In this respect, the ECB would like to clarify that it does not provide commercial banking services to individuals or corporate entities, and that, in particular, it does not collect cross-border transfer fees or accept deposits from such parties, or issue any certificates for the release of funds. The ECB therefore advises the public not to establish contact with the originators of such ventures and not to send money or disclose bank or credit card details to anybody claiming to represent the ECB or have a banking relationship with the ECB.
The ECB also wishes to point out that it cannot be held responsible if its name, logo or address is misused in schemes that are intended to defraud the public. If a member of the public sees or receives questionable documentation that refers to, or allegedly stems from, the ECB, they should report it immediately to their local law enforcement authority or seek advice from the relevant national authorities.back to top
The ECB is committed to user privacy. It only processes your personal data for the purposes described below; it does not divulge them for marketing purposes.
All personal information is processed in line with Regulation (EC) No 45/2001 and the ECB's IT security and confidentiality rules.
Information recorded by the ECB's servers
Cookies – Cookies are small bits of data sent by a website server to the browser on your computer. The browser tells the server when you next visit that particular website. Cookies help us to store user preferences and track usage trends on an aggregated basis.
Log information – Servers automatically record information that your browser sends whenever you visit a website. These server logs may include information such as the date and time of your visit, your Internet Protocol address, browser type, browser language, browser screen size, and one or more cookies that identify your browser. The information we collect is only used to compile statistics, on an aggregated basis, on the usage of our site.
Information recorded by third party servers
Google Analytics – The ECB's website makes use of Google Analytics , an external service, to obtain statistics about the usage of its website. The information sent by the browser is also sent to servers operated by Google, and is used to provide the ECB with aggregated statistics about the number of browser visits, usage patterns, and searches performed on the ECB's website.
Personal information communicated via the website or by e-mail
In addition to contacting the ECB via the e-mail addresses shown on this website, you can also contact us via electronic services such as a visit request form, where your personal information is required in order for us to provide the services you request.
Legal basis – The policy on the protection of individuals with regard to the processing of their personal data by the Community institutions and bodies is based on Regulation (EC) No 45/2001 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 18 December 2000. The ECB processes personal data in accordance with this Regulation.
Data Protection Officer – Within the ECB, the Data Protection Officer ensures that the provisions of the above Regulation are applied and advises controllers on fulfilling their obligations (see Article 24 of the Regulation).
The European Data Protection Supervisor acts as an independent supervisory authority for all the EU institutions and bodies (see Articles 41 to 45 of Regulation (EC) No 45/2001).
E-mails – Your personal data are collected only to the extent necessary to reply. If you have any questions about the processing of your e-mail(s) and related personal data, do not hesitate to include them in your message.
Recruitment website – Specific information on data protection concerning the handling of personal data for recruitment purposes can be found on the ECB's separate recruitment website “Working for Europe”.back to top